sp_droppublication (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server (all supported versions) Azure SQL Managed Instance

Drops a publication and its associated Snapshot Agent. All subscriptions must be dropped before dropping a publication. The articles in the publication are dropped automatically. This stored procedure is executed at the Publisher on the publication database.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions


sp_droppublication [ @publication= ] 'publication'   
    [ , [ @ignore_distributor = ] ignore_distributor ]  


[ @publication = ] 'publication' Is the name of the publication to be dropped. publication is sysname, with no default. If all is specified, all publications are dropped from the publication database, except for those with subscriptions.

[ @ignore_distributor = ] ignore_distributor

Identified for informational purposes only. Not supported. Future compatibility is not guaranteed.

Return Code Values

0 (success) or 1 (failure)


sp_droppublication is used in snapshot replication and transactional replication.

sp_droppublication recursively drops all articles associated with a publication and then drops the publication itself. A publication cannot be removed if it has one or more subscriptions to it. For information about how to remove subscriptions, see Delete a Push Subscription and Delete a Pull Subscription.

Executing sp_droppublication to drop a publication does not remove published objects from the publication database or the corresponding objects from the subscription database. Use DROP <object> to remove these objects manually if necessary.


Only members of the sysadmin fixed server role can execute sp_droppublication.


DECLARE @publicationDB AS sysname;
DECLARE @publication AS sysname;
SET @publicationDB = N'AdventureWorks'; 
SET @publication = N'AdvWorksProductTran'; 

-- Remove a transactional publication.
USE [AdventureWorks2012]
EXEC sp_droppublication @publication = @publication;

-- Remove replication objects from the database.
USE [master]
EXEC sp_replicationdboption 
  @dbname = @publicationDB, 
  @optname = N'publish', 
  @value = N'false';

See Also

Delete a Publication
sp_addpublication (Transact-SQL)
sp_changepublication (Transact-SQL)
sp_helppublication (Transact-SQL)
Replication Stored Procedures (Transact-SQL)