sp_helpdbfixedrole (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server

Returns a list of the fixed database roles.

Transact-SQL syntax conventions


sp_helpdbfixedrole [ [ @rolename = ] 'role' ]   


[ @rolename = ] 'role' Is the name of a fixed database role. role is sysname, with a default of NULL. If role is specified, only information about that role is returned; otherwise, a list and description of all fixed database roles is returned.

Return Code Values

0 (success) or 1 (failure)

Result Sets

Column name Data type Description
DbFixedRole sysname Name of the fixed database role.
Description nvarchar(70) Description of DbFixedRole.


Fixed database roles, as shown in the following table, are defined at the database level and have permissions to perform specific database-level administrative activities. Fixed database roles cannot be added or removed. The permissions granted to a fixed database role cannot be changed.

Fixed database role Description
db_owner Database owners
db_accessadmin Database access administrators
db_securityadmin Database security administrators
db_ddladmin Database DDL administrators
db_backupoperator Database backup operators
db_datareader Database data readers
db_datawriter Database data writers
db_denydatareader Database deny data readers
db_denydatawriter Database deny data writers

The following table shows stored procedures that are used for modifying database roles.

Stored procedure Action
sp_addrolemember Adds a database user to a fixed database role.
sp_helprole Displays a list of the members of a fixed database role.
sp_droprolemember Removes a member from a fixed database role.


Requires membership in the public role.

Information returned is subject to restrictions on access to metadata. Entities on which the principal has no permission do not appear. For more information, see Metadata Visibility Configuration.


The following example shows a list of all fixed database roles.

EXEC sp_helpdbfixedrole;  

See Also

Security Stored Procedures (Transact-SQL)
sp_addrolemember (Transact-SQL)
sp_dbfixedrolepermission (Transact-SQL)
sp_droprolemember (Transact-SQL)
sp_helprole (Transact-SQL)
sp_helprolemember (Transact-SQL)
System Stored Procedures (Transact-SQL)