sp_helpfile (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server

Returns the physical names and attributes of files associated with the current database. Use this stored procedure to determine the names of files to attach to or detach from the server.

Transact-SQL syntax conventions


sp_helpfile [ [ @filename = ] N'filename' ]
[ ; ]


[ @filename = ] N'filename'

The logical name of any file in the current database. @filename is sysname, with a default of NULL. If @filename isn't specified, the attributes of all files in the current database are returned.

Return code values

0 (success) or 1 (failure).

Result set

Column name Data type Description
name sysname Logical file name.
fileid smallint Numeric identifier of the file. A value isn't returned if @filename is specified.
filename nchar(260) Physical file name.
filegroup sysname Filegroup in which the file belongs.

NULL = File is a log file. Log files are never a part of a filegroup.
size nvarchar(15) File size in kilobytes.
maxsize nvarchar(15) Maximum size to which the file can grow. A value of UNLIMITED in this field indicates that the file grows until the disk is full.
growth nvarchar(15) Growth increment of the file. This value indicates the amount of space added to the file every time that new space is required.

0 = File is a fixed size and doesn't grow.
usage varchar(9) For data file, the value is data only, and for the log file the value is log only.


Requires membership in the public role.


The following example returns information about the files in AdventureWorks2022.

USE AdventureWorks2022;
EXEC sp_helpfile;