sp_helprolemember (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server

Returns information about the direct members of a role in the current database.

Transact-SQL syntax conventions


sp_helprolemember [ [ @rolename = ] N'rolename' ]
[ ; ]


[ @rolename = ] N'rolename'

The name of a role in the current database. @rolename is sysname, with a default of NULL. @rolename must exist in the current database. If @rolename isn't specified, then all roles that contain at least one member from the current database are returned.

Return code values

0 (success) or 1 (failure).

Result set

Column name Data type Description
DbRole sysname Name of the role in the current database.
MemberName sysname Name of a member of DbRole.
MemberSID varbinary(85) Security identifier of MemberName.


If the database contains nested roles, MemberName might be the name of a role. sp_helprolemember doesn't show membership obtained through nested roles. For example if User1 is a member of Role1, and Role1 is a member of Role2, EXEC sp_helprolemember 'Role2'; returns Role1, but not the members of Role1 (User1 in this example). To return nested memberships, you must execute sp_helprolemember repeatedly for each nested role.

Use sp_helpsrvrolemember to display the members of a fixed server role.

Use IS_ROLEMEMBER to check role membership for a specified user.


Requires membership in the public role.


The following example displays the members of the Sales role in the AdventureWorks2022 database.

EXEC sp_helprolemember 'Sales';