Manage and troubleshoot Stretch Database
Applies to: SQL Server 2016 (13.x) and later - Windows only
Stretch Database is deprecated in SQL Server 2022 (16.x) and Azure SQL Database. This feature will be removed in a future version of the Database Engine. Avoid using this feature in new development work, and plan to modify applications that currently use this feature.
To manage and troubleshoot Stretch Database, use the tools and methods described in this article.
Manage local data
Get info about local databases and tables enabled for Stretch Database
To see how much space a Stretch-enabled table is using in SQL Server, run the following statement.
USE <Stretch-enabled database name>;
EXEC sp_spaceused '<Stretch-enabled table name>', 'true', 'LOCAL_ONLY';
Manage data migration
Check the filter function applied to a table
Open the catalog view
sys.remote_data_archive_tables and check the value of the
filter_predicate column to identify the function that Stretch Database is using to select rows to migrate. If the value is null, the entire table is eligible to be migrated. For more info, see sys.remote_data_archive_tables (Transact-SQL) and Select rows to migrate by using a filter function.
Check the status of data migration
Select Tasks > Stretch > Monitor for a database in SQL Server Management Studio to monitor data migration in Stretch Database Monitor. For more info, see Monitor and troubleshoot data migration (Stretch Database).
Or, open the dynamic management view
sys.dm_db_rda_migration_status to see how many batches and rows of data have been migrated.
Troubleshoot data migration
For troubleshooting suggestions, see Monitor and troubleshoot data migration (Stretch Database).
Manage remote data
Get info about remote databases and tables used by Stretch Database
Open the catalog views
sys.remote_data_archive_tables to see info about the remote databases and tables in which migrated data is stored. For more info, see sys.remote_data_archive_databases (Transact-SQL) and sys.remote_data_archive_tables (Transact-SQL).
To see how much space a Stretch-enabled table is using in Azure, run the following statement.
USE <Stretch-enabled database name>;
EXEC sp_spaceused '<Stretch-enabled table name>', 'true', 'REMOTE_ONLY';
Delete migrated data
If you want to delete data that has already been migrated to Azure, follow the steps described in sys.sp_rda_reconcile_batch.
Manage table schema
Don't change the schema of the remote table
Don't change the schema of a remote Azure table that's associated with a SQL Server table configured for Stretch Database. In particular, don't modify the name or the data type of a column. The Stretch Database feature makes various assumptions about the schema of the remote table in relation to the schema of the SQL Server table. If you change the remote schema, Stretch Database stops working for the changed table.
Reconcile table columns
If you have accidentally deleted columns from the remote table, run
sp_rda_reconcile_columns to add columns to the remote table that exist in the Stretch-enabled SQL Server table but not in the remote table. For more info, see sys.sp_rda_reconcile_columns.
sp_rda_reconcile_columns recreates columns that you accidentally deleted from the remote table, it does not restore the data that was previously in the deleted columns.
sp_rda_reconcile_columns doesn't delete columns from the remote table that exist in the remote table but not in the Stretch-enabled SQL Server table. If there are columns in the remote Azure table that no longer exist in the Stretch-enabled SQL Server table, these extra columns don't prevent Stretch Database from operating normally. You can optionally remove the extra columns manually.
Manage performance and costs
Troubleshoot query performance
Queries that include Stretch-enabled tables are expected to perform more slowly than they did before the tables were enabled for Stretch. If query performance degrades significantly, review the following possible problems.
Is your Azure server in a different geographical region than your SQL Server? Configure your Azure server to be in the same geographical region as your SQL Server to reduce network latency.
Your network conditions may have degraded. Contact your network administrator for info about recent issues or outages.
Increase Azure performance level for resource-intensive operations such as indexing
When you build, rebuild, or reorganize an index on a large table that's configured for Stretch Database, and you anticipate heavy querying of the migrated data in Azure during this time, consider increasing the performance level of the corresponding remote Azure database during the operation. For more info about performance levels and pricing, see SQL Server Stretch Database Pricing.
You can't pause the SQL Server Stretch Database service on Azure
Make sure that you select the appropriate performance and pricing level. If you increase the performance level temporarily for a resource-intensive operation, restore it to the previous level after the operation completes. For more info about performance levels and pricing, see SQL Server Stretch Database Pricing.
Change the scope of queries
Queries against Stretch-enabled tables return both local and remote data by default. You can change the scope of queries for all queries by all users, or only for a single query by an administrator.
Change the scope of queries for all queries by all users
To change the scope of all queries by all users, run the stored procedure
sys.sp_rda_set_query_mode. You can reduce the scope to query local data only, disable all queries, or restore the default setting. For more info, see sys.sp_rda_set_query_mode.
Change the scope of queries for a single query by an administrator
To change the scope of a single query by a member of the db_owner role, add the
WITH ( REMOTE_DATA_ARCHIVE_OVERRIDE = *value* ) query hint to the SELECT statement. The REMOTE_DATA_ARCHIVE_OVERRIDE query hint can have the following values.
LOCAL_ONLY. Query local data only.
REMOTE_ONLY. Query remote data only.
STAGE_ONLY. Query only the data in the table where Stretch Database stages rows eligible for migration and retains migrated rows for the specified period after migration. This query hint is the only way to query the staging table.
For example, the following query returns local results only.
USE [<Stretch-enabled database name>];
FROM [<Stretch_enabled table name>]
WITH (REMOTE_DATA_ARCHIVE_OVERRIDE = LOCAL_ONLY)
WHERE someCol = 1 /* sample predicate only, please replace with an appropriate one */;
Make administrative updates and deletes
By default you can't UPDATE or DELETE rows that are eligible for migration, or rows that have already been migrated, in a Stretch-enabled table. When you have to fix a problem, a member of the db_owner role can run an UPDATE or DELETE operation by adding the
WITH ( REMOTE_DATA_ARCHIVE_OVERRIDE = *value* ) query hint to the statement. The REMOTE_DATA_ARCHIVE_OVERRIDE query hint can have the following values.
LOCAL_ONLY. Update or delete local data only.
REMOTE_ONLY. Update or delete remote data only.
STAGE_ONLY. Update or delete only the data in the table where Stretch Database stages rows eligible for migration and retains migrated rows for the specified period after migration.