CEILING (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics Analytics Platform System (PDW) SQL analytics endpoint in Microsoft Fabric Warehouse in Microsoft Fabric

This function returns the smallest integer greater than, or equal to, the specified numeric expression.

Transact-SQL syntax conventions


CEILING ( numeric_expression )


To view Transact-SQL syntax for SQL Server 2014 (12.x) and earlier versions, see Previous versions documentation.



An expression of the exact numeric or approximate numeric data type category.

Return types

The return type depends on the input type of numeric_expression:

Input type Return type
float, real float
decimal(p, s) decimal(38, s)
int, smallint, tinyint int
bigint bigint
money, smallmoney money
bit float

If the result doesn't fit in the return type, an arithmetic overflow error occurs.


This example shows positive numeric, negative numeric, and zero value inputs for the CEILING function.

SELECT CEILING($123.45), CEILING($-123.45), CEILING($0.0);

Here is the result set.

--------- --------- -------------------------
124.00    -123.00    0.00