Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance

This function returns the status of the last cursor FETCH statement issued against any cursor currently opened by the connection.

Transact-SQL syntax conventions




To view Transact-SQL syntax for SQL Server 2014 and earlier, see Previous versions documentation.

Return Type


Return Value

Return value Description
 0 The FETCH statement was successful.
-1 The FETCH statement failed or the row was beyond the result set.
-2 The row fetched is missing.
-9 The cursor is not performing a fetch operation.


Because @@FETCH_STATUS is global to all cursors on a connection, use it carefully. After a FETCH statement executes, the test for @@FETCH_STATUS must occur before any other FETCH statement executes against another cursor. @@FETCH_STATUS is undefined before any fetches have occurred on the connection.

For example, a user executes a FETCH statement from one cursor, and then calls a stored procedure that opens and processes results from another cursor. When control returns from that called stored procedure, @@FETCH_STATUS reflects the last FETCH executed inside that stored procedure, not the FETCH statement executed before the call to the stored procedure.

To retrieve the last fetch status of a specific cursor, query the fetch_status column of the sys.dm_exec_cursors dynamic management function.


This example uses @@FETCH_STATUS to control cursor activities in a WHILE loop.

DECLARE Employee_Cursor CURSOR FOR  
SELECT BusinessEntityID, JobTitle  
FROM AdventureWorks2022.HumanResources.Employee;  
OPEN Employee_Cursor;  
FETCH NEXT FROM Employee_Cursor;  
      FETCH NEXT FROM Employee_Cursor;  
CLOSE Employee_Cursor;  
DEALLOCATE Employee_Cursor;  

See Also

Cursor Functions (Transact-SQL)
FETCH (Transact-SQL)