Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics Analytics Platform System (PDW)

Returns the specified part of an object name. The parts of an object that can be retrieved are the object name, schema name, database name, and server name.


The PARSENAME function does not indicate whether an object by the specified name exists. PARSENAME just returns the specified part of the specified object name.

Transact-SQL syntax conventions


PARSENAME ('object_name' , object_piece )


To view Transact-SQL syntax for SQL Server 2014 (12.x) and earlier versions, see Previous versions documentation.


'object_name' Is the parameter that holds the name of the object for which to retrieve the specified object part. This parameter is an optionally-qualified object name. If all parts of the object name are qualified, this name can have four parts: the server name, the database name, the schema name, and the object name. Each part of the 'object_name' string is type sysname which is equivalent to nvarchar(128) or 256 bytes. If any part of the string exceeds 256 bytes, PARSENAME will return NULL for that part as it is not a valid sysname.

Is the object part to return. object_piece is of type int, and can have these values:
1 = Object name
2 = Schema name
3 = Database name
4 = Server name

Return Type



PARSENAME returns NULL if one of the following conditions is true:

  • Either object_name or object_piece is NULL.

  • A syntax error occurs.

The requested object part has a length of 0 and is not a valid Microsoft SQL Server identifier. A zero-length object name renders the complete qualified name as not valid.


The following example uses PARSENAME to return information about the Person table in the AdventureWorks2022 database.

-- Uses AdventureWorks  
SELECT PARSENAME('AdventureWorksPDW2012.dbo.DimCustomer', 1) AS 'Object Name';  
SELECT PARSENAME('AdventureWorksPDW2012.dbo.DimCustomer', 2) AS 'Schema Name';  
SELECT PARSENAME('AdventureWorksPDW2012.dbo.DimCustomer', 3) AS 'Database Name';  
SELECT PARSENAME('AdventureWorksPDW2012.dbo.DimCustomer', 4) AS 'Server Name';  

Here is the result set.

Object Name

(1 row(s) affected)

Schema Name

(1 row(s) affected)

Database Name

(1 row(s) affected)

Server Name

(1 row(s) affected)

See Also