Applies to: SQL Server (all supported versions) Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics Analytics Platform System (PDW)
Returns a character expression with lowercase character data converted to uppercase.
UPPER ( character_expression )
To view Transact-SQL syntax for SQL Server 2014 and earlier, see Previous versions documentation.
Is an expression of character data. character_expression can be a constant, variable, or column of either character or binary data.
character_expression must be of a data type that is implicitly convertible to varchar. Otherwise, use CAST to explicitly convert character_expression.
varchar or nvarchar
The following example uses the
RTRIM functions to return the last name of people in the
dbo.DimEmployee table so that it is in uppercase, trimmed, and concatenated with the first name.
-- Uses AdventureWorks SELECT UPPER(RTRIM(LastName)) + ', ' + FirstName AS Name FROM dbo.DimEmployee ORDER BY LastName;
Here is a partial result set.
Name ------------------------------ ABBAS, Syed ABERCROMBIE, Kim ABOLROUS, Hazem