SQL Command Prompt Utilities (Database Engine)

Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics Analytics Platform System (PDW)

Command prompt utilities enable you to script SQL Server operations. The following table contains a list of many command prompt utilities that ship with SQL Server.

For information on the main SQL gui and command-line tools, see SQL Tools Overview.

Utility Description Installed in
bcp Utility Used to copy data between an instance of Microsoft SQL Server and a data file in a user-specified format. <drive:>\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\Client SDK\ODBC\110\Tools\Binn
dta Utility Used to analyze a workload and recommend physical design structures to optimize server performance for that workload. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
dtexec Utility Used to configure and execute an Integration Services package. A user interface version of this command prompt utility is called DTExecUI, which brings up the Execute Package Utility. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\DTS\Binn
dtutil Utility Used to manage SSIS packages. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\DTS\Binn
Deploy Model Solutions with the Deployment Utility Used to deploy Analysis Services projects to instances of Analysis Services. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn\VShell\Common7\IDE
osql Utility Allows you to enter Transact-SQL statements, system procedures, and script files at the command prompt. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
Profiler Utility Used to start SQL Server Profiler from a command prompt. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
RS.exe Utility (SSRS) Used to run scripts designed for managing Reporting Services report servers. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
rsconfig Utility (SSRS) Used to configure a report server connection. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
rskeymgmt Utility (SSRS) Used to manage encryption keys on a report server. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
sqlagent90 Application Used to start SQL Server Agent from a command prompt. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\<instance_name>\MSSQL\Binn
sqlcmd Utility Allows you to enter Transact-SQL statements, system procedures, and script files at the command prompt. <drive:>\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\Client SDK\ODBC\110\Tools\Binn
SQLdiag Utility Used to collect diagnostic information for Microsoft Customer Service and Support. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
sqllogship Application Used by applications to perform backup, copy, and restore operations and associated clean-up tasks for a log shipping configuration without running the backup, copy, and restore jobs. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
SqlLocalDB Utility An execution mode of SQL Server targeted to program developers. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
sqlmaint Utility Used to execute database maintenance plans created in previous versions of SQL Server. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL13.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn
sqlps Utility Used to run PowerShell commands and scripts. Loads and registers the SQL Server PowerShell provider and cmdlets. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
sqlservr Application Used to start and stop an instance of Database Engine from the command prompt for troubleshooting. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL13.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn
Ssms Utility Used to start SQL Server Management Studio from a command prompt. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn\VSShell\Common7\IDE
tablediff Utility Used to compare the data in two tables for non-convergence, which is useful when troubleshooting a replication topology. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\COM

Command Prompt Utilities Syntax Conventions

Convention Used for
UPPERCASE Statements and terms used at the operating system level.
monospace Sample commands and program code.
italic User-supplied parameters.
bold Commands, parameters, and other syntax that must be typed exactly as shown.

See Also