SQL Command Prompt Utilities (Database Engine)

Applies to: SQL Server (all supported versions) Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics Analytics Platform System (PDW)

Command prompt utilities enable you to script SQL Server operations. The following table contains a list of many command prompt utilities that ship with SQL Server.

For information on the main SQL gui and command-line tools, see SQL Tools Overview.

Utility Description Installed in
bcp Utility Used to copy data between an instance of Microsoft SQL Server and a data file in a user-specified format. <drive:>\Program Files\MicrosoftSQL Server\Client SDK\ODBC\110\Tools\Binn
dta Utility Used to analyze a workload and recommend physical design structures to optimize server performance for that workload. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
dtexec Utility Used to configure and execute an Integration Services package. A user interface version of this command prompt utility is called DTExecUI, which brings up the Execute Package Utility. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\DTS\Binn
dtutil Utility Used to manage SSIS packages. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\DTS\Binn
Deploy Model Solutions with the Deployment Utility Used to deploy Analysis Services projects to instances of Analysis Services. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn\VShell\Common7\IDE
osql Utility Allows you to enter Transact-SQL statements, system procedures, and script files at the command prompt. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
Profiler Utility Used to start SQL Server Profiler from a command prompt. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
RS.exe Utility (SSRS) Used to run scripts designed for managing Reporting Services report servers. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
rsconfig Utility (SSRS) Used to configure a report server connection. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
rskeymgmt Utility (SSRS) Used to manage encryption keys on a report server. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
sqlagent90 Application Used to start SQL Server Agent from a command prompt. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\<instance_name>\MSSQL\Binn
sqlcmd Utility Allows you to enter Transact-SQL statements, system procedures, and script files at the command prompt. <drive:>\Program Files\MicrosoftSQL Server\Client SDK\ODBC\110\Tools\Binn
SQLdiag Utility Used to collect diagnostic information for Microsoft Customer Service and Support. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
sqllogship Application Used by applications to perform backup, copy, and restore operations and associated clean-up tasks for a log shipping configuration without running the backup, copy, and restore jobs. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
SqlLocalDB Utility An execution mode of SQL Server targeted to program developers. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
sqlmaint Utility Used to execute database maintenance plans created in previous versions of SQL Server. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL13.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn
sqlps Utility Used to run PowerShell commands and scripts. Loads and registers the SQL Server PowerShell provider and cmdlets. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn
sqlservr Application Used to start and stop an instance of Database Engine from the command prompt for troubleshooting. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL13.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn
Ssms Utility Used to start SQL Server Management Studio from a command prompt. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\Tools\Binn\VSShell\Common7\IDE
tablediff Utility Used to compare the data in two tables for non-convergence, which is useful when troubleshooting a replication topology. <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\nnn\COM

Command Prompt Utilities Syntax Conventions

Convention Used for
UPPERCASE Statements and terms used at the operating system level.
monospace Sample commands and program code.
italic User-supplied parameters.
bold Commands, parameters, and other syntax that must be typed exactly as shown.

See Also