DAX data types


Semantic model columns have a set data type, which ensures that all column values conform to that data type. Column data types are defined in Power Query, or in the case of calculated columns, it's inferred from the formula. Measure data types, similar to calculated column data types, are inferred from the formula.

Model data types aren't the same as DAX data types, though a direct relationship exists between them. The following table lists the model data types and DAX data types. Notice the supported range of values for each data type.

Model data type DAX data type Description
Whole number 64-bit integer -263 through 263-1
Decimal number 64-bit real Negative: -1.79 x 10308 through -2.23 x 10-308 - zero (0) - positive: 2.23 x 10-308 through 1.79 x 10308 - Limited to 17 decimal digits
Boolean Boolean TRUE or FALSE
Text String Unicode character string
Date Date/time Valid dates are all dates after January 1, 1900
Currency Currency -9.22 x 1014 through 9.22 x 1014 - limited to four decimal digits of fixed precision
N/A BLANK In some cases, it's the equivalent of a database (SQL) NULL

BLANK data type

The BLANK data type deserves a special mention. DAX uses BLANK for both database NULL and for blank cells in Excel. BLANK doesn't mean zero. Perhaps it might be simpler to think of it as the absence of a value.

Two DAX functions are related to the BLANK data type: the BLANK DAX function returns BLANK, while the ISBLANK DAX function tests whether an expression evaluates to BLANK.