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IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult,TProgress> Interface


Represents an asynchronous operation that can report progress updates to callers. This is the return type for many Windows Runtime asynchronous methods that have results and also report progress.

public interface class IAsyncOperationWithProgress : IAsyncInfo
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/// [Windows.Foundation.Metadata.Guid(3050321623, 58007, 18831, 186, 96, 2, 137, 231, 110, 35, 221)]
template <typename TResult, typename TProgress>
struct IAsyncOperationWithProgress : IAsyncInfo
[Windows.Foundation.Metadata.ContractVersion(typeof(Windows.Foundation.FoundationContract), 65536)]
[Windows.Foundation.Metadata.Guid(3050321623, 58007, 18831, 186, 96, 2, 137, 231, 110, 35, 221)]
public interface IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult,TProgress> : IAsyncInfo
Public Interface IAsyncOperationWithProgress(Of TResult, TProgress)
Implements IAsyncInfo

Type Parameters


Windows requirements

Device family
Windows 10 (introduced in 10.0.10240.0)
API contract
Windows.Foundation.FoundationContract (introduced in v1.0)


IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult,TProgress> is the return type for many Windows Runtime asynchronous methods that have a result upon completion, and also support notifications that report progress (which callers can subscribe to by assigning a callback for Progress). This constitutes about 100 different Windows Runtime APIs. APIs that don't report progress (but do have a result) use another interface, IAsyncOperation<TResult>.

When you use methods that return IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult,TProgress> (with a TResult specific constraint) in your app code, you usually don't access the IAsyncOperationWithProgress return value directly. That's because you almost always use the language-specific awaitable syntax. In this case, the apparent return value of the method is the type provided as the TResult parameter. For more info, see Asynchronous programming, or one of the language-specific guides to Windows Runtime asynchronous programming (Call asynchronous APIs in C# or Visual Basic, C++, JavaScript).

It's not common to use IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult,TProgress> directly even if you don't use a language-specific awaitable syntax. Each of the languages has extension points that are generally easier to use than the Windows Runtime interface. JavaScript has WinJS.Promise, and the then/done syntax. .NET has the AsTask extension method, and once the IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult,TProgress> is converted to a Task<TResult>, it's easier to get the result, cancel, get notification on completion, and so on. For C++/CX, you can wrap the calls using the Concurrency runtime (and use create_task). In other words, IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult,TProgress> can be considered runtime-level infrastructure, which each of the languages use as a framework to support awaitable syntax or asynchronous programming models in their own way.

Specifically, if you want to handle progress in .NET code, use the AsTask signature that in an extension usage has a single IProgress reference parameter. (In this usage, the progress unit is already constrained and matches the IAsyncOperationWithProgress method you're using.) Provide an object that implements IProgress, and your Report method implementation is invoked each time the Windows Runtime method reports a progress notification.

To monitor the progress of the action (if not using the language-specific techniques described above), set the Progress property, providing it the name of a method that implements the AsyncOperationProgressHandler<TResult,TProgress> delegate.

C++/WinRT extension functions


Extension functions exist on the C++/WinRT projection types for certain Windows Runtime APIs. For example, winrt::Windows::Foundation::IAsyncAction is the C++/WinRT projection type for IAsyncAction. The extension functions aren't part of the application binary interface (ABI) surface of the actual Windows Runtime types, so they're not listed as members of the Windows Runtime APIs. But you can call them from within any C++/WinRT project. See C++/WinRT functions that extend Windows Runtime APIs.

TResult get() const;

Waits synchronously for the operation to complete, and returns the completed value. Throws a corresponding exception if the operation is canceled, or enters an error state. You mustn't call it from a single-threaded apartment. For more info, and code examples showing how to call get, see Write a coroutine.

AsyncStatus wait_for(TimeSpan const& timeout) const;

Waits synchronously for the operation to complete, or for the specified timeout. Returns the state of the IAsyncOperationWithProgress, or AsyncStatus::Started if the timeout elapsed. If the action didn't time out, then call GetResults to obtain the results of the operation. For more info, and code examples showing how to call wait_for, see Asynchronous timeouts made easy.

Interface inheritance

IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult,TProgress> inherits IAsyncInfo. Types that implement IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult,TProgress> also implement the interface members of IAsyncInfo:

Notes to implementers

As with calling the existing methods, there are language-specific ways to define asynchronous methods that don't use IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult,TProgress> directly. If writing code using .NET, your method can return a Task<TResult>. For C++/CX, you can use the Concurrency runtime. However, if you're defining a component, you can use Task/task internally but you must return one of the Windows Runtime interfaces for your public methods. The language-specific asynchronous support types (and many other language-specific types you might conventionally use in code) can't be used for the public surface area of a Windows Runtime component.



Gets or sets the delegate that is called when the operation completes.


Gets a string that describes an error condition of the asynchronous operation.

(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)

Gets the handle of the asynchronous operation.

(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)

Gets or sets the method that handles progress notifications.


Gets a value that indicates the status of the asynchronous operation.

(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)



Cancels the asynchronous operation.

(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)

Closes the asynchronous operation.

(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)

Returns the results of the operation.

Applies to

See also