Command-line parameter examples for Visual Studio installation

Applies to: yesVisual Studio noVisual Studio for Mac noVisual Studio Code

To illustrate how to use command-line parameters to install Visual Studio, here are several examples that you can customize to match your needs.

In each example, vs_enterprise.exe, vs_professional.exe and vs_community.exe represent the respective edition of the Visual Studio bootstrapper, which is the small (~1MB) file that initiates the download process. If you're using a different edition, substitute the appropriate bootstrapper name.

All commands require administrative elevation, and a User Account Control prompt will be displayed if the process isn't started from an elevated prompt.

You can use the ^ character at the end of a command line to concatenate multiple lines into a single command. Alternatively, you can place these lines together onto a single row. In PowerShell, the equivalent is the backtick (`) character.

For lists of the workloads and components that you can install by using the command line, see the Visual Studio workload and component IDs page.

Install using --installPath

  • Install a minimal instance of Visual Studio, with no interactive prompts but progress displayed:

    vs_enterprise.exe --installPath C:\minVS ^
    --add Microsoft.VisualStudio.Workload.CoreEditor ^
    --passive --norestart
    
  • Install a desktop instance of Visual Studio silently, with the French language pack, returning only when the product is installed.

    vs_enterprise.exe --installPath C:\desktopVS ^
    --addProductLang fr-FR ^
    --add Microsoft.VisualStudio.Workload.ManagedDesktop ^
    --includeRecommended --quiet --wait
    

Update in two steps

  • Update a Visual Studio instance via the command line, with no interactive prompts but progress displayed. If the bootstrapper is on the client machine, then you can run this command from the client. Otherwise, you'll need to run this command from the layout. The first command updates the installer, and the second command updates the Visual Studio product.

    vs_enterprise.exe --update --quiet --wait
    vs_enterprise.exe update --wait --passive --norestart --installPath "C:\installPathVS"
    

    Note

    Both commands are advised. The first command updates the Visual Studio Installer. The second command updates the Visual Studio instance. To avoid a User Account Control dialog, run the command prompt as an Administrator.

Using --wait

  • Use --wait in batch files or scripts to wait for the Visual Studio installer to complete before the next command is executed. For batch files, an %ERRORLEVEL% environment variable will contain the return value of the command, as documented in the Use command-line parameters to install Visual Studio page. Some command utilities require additional parameters to wait for completion and to get the installer's return value. The following command is an example of the additional parameters used with the PowerShell script command 'Start-Process':

    start /wait vs_professional.exe --installPath "C:\VS" --passive --wait > nul
    echo %errorlevel%
    
    $process = Start-Process -FilePath vs_enterprise.exe -ArgumentList "--installPath", "C:\VS", "--passive", "--wait" -Wait -PassThru
    Write-Output $process.ExitCode 
    

    or

      $startInfo = New-Object System.Diagnostics.ProcessStartInfo
      $startInfo.FileName = "vs_enterprise.exe"
      $startInfo.Arguments = "--all --quiet --wait"
      $process = New-Object System.Diagnostics.Process
      $process.StartInfo = $startInfo
      $process.Start()
      $process.WaitForExit()
    
  • The first '--wait' is used by the Visual Studio Installer, and the second '-Wait' is used by 'Start-Process' to wait for completion. The '-PassThru' parameter is used by 'Start-Process' to use the installer's exit code for its return value.

Using --layout to create a network layout or a local cache

  • Create a layout that includes only the Visual Studio core editor (the most minimal Visual Studio configuration) and the English language pack:

    vs_professional.exe --layout C:\VS ^
    --lang en-US ^
    --add Microsoft.VisualStudio.Workload.CoreEditor
    
  • Create a layout that includes the .NET desktop and .NET web workloads, along with all recommended components, English only.

    vs_professional.exe --layout C:\VS ^
    --lang en-US ^
    --add Microsoft.VisualStudio.Workload.NetWeb ^
    --add Microsoft.VisualStudio.Workload.ManagedDesktop ^
    --includeRecommended
    

Using --all to acquire the entire product

  • Start an interactive installation of all workloads and components that are available in the Visual Studio Enterprise edition:

    vs_enterprise.exe --all
    

Using --includeRecommended

  • Install a second instance of Visual Studio Professional using a nickname on a machine with Visual Studio Community edition already installed, with support for Node.js development:

    vs_professional.exe --installPath C:\VSforNode ^
    --add Microsoft.VisualStudio.Workload.Node --includeRecommended --nickname VSforNode
    

Using --channelURI

Using the Visual Studio 2022 or later installer, it's possible to configure where Visual Studio looks for updates. The --channelURI is otherwise known as the update channel or the source location of updates. The following table gives example values for channelURI and what they mean.

Channel Name --channelURI
Visual Studio 2022 Current channel https://aka.ms/vs/17/release/channel
Visual Studio 2022 17.0 LTSC channel https://aka.ms/vs/17/release.LTSC.17.0/channel
Visual Studio 2022 Preview channel https://aka.ms/vs/17/pre/channel
Visual Studio 2019 Release channel https://aka.ms/vs/16/release/channel
Visual Studio 2017 Release channel https://aka.ms/vs/15/release/channel
Custom layout - Private Channel \\layoutserver\share\path\channelmanifest.json

If you choose to use a custom layout as the update channel, then be aware of the following guidelines:

Using --remove

  • Remove the Profiling Tools component from the default installed Visual Studio instance:

    vs_enterprise.exe modify ^
    --installPath "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio\2022\Enterprise" ^
    --remove Microsoft.VisualStudio.Component.DiagnosticTools ^
    --passive
    

Using --removeOos

Note

This command requires using the VS 2022 version 17.4 or later installer. Follow the guidance here for how to acquire the latest installer on your client machine.

  • Modify an installation and remove all components that have transitioned to an out-of-support state from the default installed Visual Studio instance:

    vs_enterprise.exe modify ^
    --installPath "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio\2022\Enterprise" ^
    --removeOos true ^
    --passive
    
  • Adjust the update settings to persistently remove all components that have transitioned to an out-of-support state every time the product updates:

    vs_enterprise.exe modifySettings ^
    --channelURI https://aka.ms/vs/17/release.LTSC.17.0/channel ^
    --productID Microsoft.VisualStudio.Product.Enterprise ^
    --newChannelURI \\layoutserver\share\path\channelmanifest.json ^
    --removeOos true ^
    --quiet  
    

Using --path

  • Using the install, cache, and shared paths:

    vs_enterprise.exe --add Microsoft.VisualStudio.Workload.CoreEditor --path install="C:\VS" --path cache="C:\VS\cache" --path shared="C:\VS\shared"

  • Using only the install and cache paths:

    vs_enterprise.exe --add Microsoft.VisualStudio.Workload.CoreEditor --path install="C:\VS" --path cache="C:\VS\cache"

  • Using only the install and shared paths:

    vs_enterprise.exe --add Microsoft.VisualStudio.Workload.CoreEditor --path install="C:\VS" --path shared="C:\VS\shared"

  • Using only the install path:

    vs_enterprise.exe --add Microsoft.VisualStudio.Workload.CoreEditor --path install="C:\VS"

Using export

  • Using export to save the selection from an installation:

    "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Installer\vs_installer.exe" export --installPath "C:\VS" --config "C:\.vsconfig"
    
  • Using export to save custom selection from scratch:

    "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Installer\vs_installer.exe" export --add Microsoft.VisualStudio.Workload.ManagedDesktop --includeRecommended --config "C:\.vsconfig"
    

Using --config

  • Using --config to install the workloads and components from a previously saved installation configuration file:

    vs_enterprise.exe --config "C:\.vsconfig" --installPath "C:\VS"
    
  • Using --config to add workloads and components to an existing installation:

    vs_enterprise.exe modify --installPath "C:\VS" --config "C:\.vsconfig"
    

Support or troubleshooting

Sometimes, things can go wrong. If your Visual Studio installation fails, see Troubleshoot Visual Studio installation and upgrade issues for step-by-step guidance.

Here are a few more support options:

  • We offer an installation chat (English only) support option for installation-related issues.
  • Report product issues to us via the Report a Problem tool that appears both in the Visual Studio Installer and in the Visual Studio IDE. If you're an IT Administrator and don't have Visual Studio installed, you can submit IT Admin feedback here.
  • Suggest a feature, track product issues, and find answers in the Visual Studio Developer Community.

See also