RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory function (ntddk.h)

The RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory routine returns the elements of a generic table, one-by-one, in collation order.


NTSYSAPI PVOID RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory(
  [in]           PRTL_AVL_TABLE          Table,
  [in, optional] PRTL_AVL_MATCH_FUNCTION MatchFunction,
  [in, optional] PVOID                   MatchData,
  [in]           ULONG                   NextFlag,
  [in, out]      PVOID                   *RestartKey,
  [in, out]      PULONG                  DeleteCount,
  [in]           PVOID                   Buffer


[in] Table

A pointer to the Adelson-Velsky/Landis (AVL) table (RTL_AVL_TABLE) that will be enumerated.

[in, optional] MatchFunction

A match function that determines which entries to return. If not specified, all nodes are returned.

[in, optional] MatchData

The data to pass to the match function.

[in] NextFlag

If RestartKey is not NULL, a value of TRUE indicates that the enumeration will skip an element. If FALSE the enumeration resumes where it left off in the previous call to RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory. If RestartKey is NULL, a value of TRUE instructs RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory to return the next entry in the tree after the entry that matches the data in Buffer. A value of FALSE instructs RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory to return the entry in the tree that matches the data in Buffer.

[in, out] RestartKey

A value that determines where to begin or resume the enumeration of generic table elements. If RestartKey is NULL, the enumeration begins or resumes from the position that is described in Buffer. If not NULL, the enumeration resumes from the point that RestartKey indicates. On return, the RestartKey holds a value that indicates the place in the tree where the enumeration left off. On the next call to RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory caller should pass the same value back in to inform RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory where to resume the enumeration. The following code example illustrates how to do this:

NextFlag = FALSE;
RestartKey = NULL;
DeleteCount = 0;
// Initialize Buffer for start/resume point
Buffer = ...
for (ptr = NULL; ptr != NULL;  ) {
  // Value returned in RestartKey will be passed back in
  // on following call (iteration):
  ptr = RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory(
      &MyTable, NULL, NULL, TRUE, &RestartKey,
      &DeleteCount, &Buffer, sizeof(LONG) );
  // The value output in RestartKey will still be in
  // RestartKey when the
  // RtlEnumerationGenericTableLikeADirectory routine
  // is called in the next iteration of this loop.
  // This ensures that the enumeration will pick up
  // where it left off.

If a node is deleted from the tree between calls to RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory, enumeration resumes from the position in the tree that is described in Buffer, no matter what the value of RestartKey.

[in, out] DeleteCount

On output, a value that indicates the current count of entries deleted from the table. Caller must pass this value back in on the next call to RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory. This value helps the RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory routine determine if deletions from the table have occurred between calls to RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory. If deletions have occurred, the enumeration resumes with the table entry that matches the data in Buffer, and not with the table entry indicated by RestartKey. If RestartKey is NULL, this parameter has no effect on the enumeration..

[in] Buffer

A key expression that determines where to begin the enumeration, when RestartKey is NULL. Caller can pass in a saved key that matches a particular entry in the table and the enumeration will begin at the entry specified by the saved key, provided RestartKey is NULL and NextFlag is FALSE. To return the key that immediately follows a saved key, pass in the key here, set RestartKey to NULL and NextFlag to TRUE. If the saved key has been deleted, enumeration will begin with the next matched key.

Return value

The RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory routine returns a pointer to a user-defined structure that is associated with the next table element in the enumeration. If there are no more new elements to return the return value is NULL.


The RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory routine provides a safe means to enumerate a generic table across intermixed insert and delete operations. Starting with the first matched key name, RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory returns each name in the table exactly once, unless the name was inserted or deleted during the enumeration. When a key name is inserted or deleted during an enumeration (i.e. between calls to RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory) it might or might not be included in the enumeration. Whether such names are included depends on the state of the name when RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory processes the directory range in which the name is found.

There are four routines you can use to enumerate a generic table:

By default, the operating system uses splay trees to implement generic tables, but the RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory routine only works with Adelson-Velsky/Landis (AVL) trees. To configure the generic table routines to use AVL trees instead of splay trees in your driver, insert the following define statement in a common header file before including Ntddk.h:


If RTL_USE_AVL_TABLES is not defined, you must use the AVL form of the generic table routines.

Callers of RtlEnumerateGenericTableLikeADirectory must be running at IRQL <= APC_LEVEL if either of the following conditions holds:

  • The caller-allocated memory at Table or at Buffer is pageable.

  • The caller-supplied MatchFunction contains pageable code.


Requirement Value
Target Platform Universal
Header ntddk.h (include Ntddk.h, Ntifs.h, FltKernel.h)
Library NtosKrnl.lib
DLL NtosKrnl.exe
IRQL <= APC_LEVEL (See Remarks section)

See also