ExAcquireSharedStarveExclusive function (wdm.h)

The ExAcquireSharedStarveExclusive routine acquires a given resource for shared access without waiting for any pending attempts to acquire exclusive access to the same resource.


BOOLEAN ExAcquireSharedStarveExclusive(
  [in, out] PERESOURCE Resource,
  [in]      BOOLEAN    Wait


[in, out] Resource

A pointer to the resource to be acquired for shared access.

[in] Wait

Specifies the routine's behavior whenever the resource cannot be acquired immediately. If TRUE, the caller is put into a wait state until the resource can be acquired. If FALSE, the routine immediately returns, regardless of whether the resource can be acquired.

Return value

ExAcquireSharedStarveExclusive returns TRUE if the requested access is granted. This routine returns FALSE if the input Wait is FALSE and shared access cannot be granted immediately.


Whether or when the caller is given shared access to the given resource depends on the following:

  • If the resource is currently unowned, shared access is granted immediately to the current thread.
  • If the caller already has acquired the resource (for shared or exclusive access), the current thread is granted the same type of access recursively. Note that making this call does not convert a caller's exclusive access of a given resource to shared access.
  • If the resource is currently owned as shared by another thread, shared access is granted to the caller immediately, even if another thread is waiting for exclusive access to that resource.
  • If the resource is currently owned as exclusive by another thread, the caller either is put into a wait state (Wait set to TRUE) or ExAcquireSharedStarveExclusive returns FALSE.
Callers of ExAcquireSharedStarveExclusive usually need quick access to a shared resource in order to save an exclusive accessor from doing redundant work. For example, a file system might call this routine to modify a cached resource, such as a BCB pinned in the cache, before the cache manager can acquire exclusive access to the resource and write the cache out to disk.

Normal kernel APC delivery must be disabled before calling this routine. Disable normal kernel APC delivery by calling KeEnterCriticalRegion. Delivery must remain disabled until the resource is released, at which point it can be reenabled by calling KeLeaveCriticalRegion. For more information, see Disabling APCs.

The caller can release the resource by calling either ExReleaseResourceLite or ExReleaseResourceForThreadLite.


Minimum supported client Available starting with Windows 2000.
Target Platform Universal
Header wdm.h (include Wdm.h, Ntddk.h, Ntifs.h)
Library NtosKrnl.lib
DLL NtosKrnl.exe
DDI compliance rules HwStorPortProhibitedDDIs(storport), IrqlExApcLte3(wdm), WithinCriticalRegion(storport), WithinCriticalRegion(storport), WithinCriticalRegion(wdm)

See also