Identify users

It's important to carefully consider how you plan to migrate users. By default, all users are migrated by User State Migration Tool (USMT) 5.0. You must specify which users to include by using the command line. You can't specify users in the .xml files. For instructions on how to migrate users, see Migrate user accounts.

Migrating local accounts

Before migrating local accounts, be aware of the following items:

  • You must explicitly specify that local accounts that are not on the destination computer should be migrated. If you're migrating local accounts and the local account doesn't exist on the destination computer, you must use the /lac option when using the LoadState.exe command. If the /lac option isn't specified, no local user accounts will be migrated.

  • Consider whether to enable user accounts that are new to the destination computer. The /lae option enables the account that was created with the /lac option. However, if you create a disabled local account by using only the /lac option, a local administrator must enable the account on the destination computer.

  • Be careful when specifying a password for local accounts. If you create the local account with a blank password, anyone could sign in that account on the destination computer. If you create the local account with a password, the password is available to anyone with access to the USMT command-line tools.


If there are multiple users on a computer, and you specify a password with the /lac option, all migrated users will have the same password.

Migrating domain accounts

The source and destination computers don't need to be connected to the domain for domain user profiles to be migrated.

Command-line options

USMT provides several options to migrate multiple users on a single computer. The following command-line options specify which users to migrate.

  • Specifying users. You can specify which users to migrate with the /all, /ui, /uel, and /ue options with both the ScanState and LoadState command-line tools.


    The /uel option excludes users based on the LastModified date of the Ntuser.dat file. The /uel option is not valid in offline migrations.

  • Moving users to another domain. You can move user accounts to another domain using the /md option with the LoadState command-line tool.

  • Creating local accounts. You can create and enable local accounts using the /lac and /lae options with the LoadState command-line tool.

  • Renaming user accounts. You can rename user accounts using the /mu option.


    By default, if a user name is not specified in any of the command-line options, the user will be migrated.