LVITEMA structure (commctrl.h)

Specifies or receives the attributes of a list-view item. This structure has been updated to support a new mask value (LVIF_INDENT) that enables item indenting. This structure supersedes the LV_ITEM structure.


typedef struct tagLVITEMA {
  UINT   mask;
  int    iItem;
  int    iSubItem;
  UINT   state;
  UINT   stateMask;
  LPSTR  pszText;
  int    cchTextMax;
  int    iImage;
  LPARAM lParam;
  int    iIndent;
  int    iGroupId;
  UINT   cColumns;
  PUINT  puColumns;
  int    *piColFmt;
  int    iGroup;



Type: UINT

Set of flags that specify which members of this structure contain data to be set or which members are being requested. This member can have one or more of the following flags set:

Value Meaning
Windows Vista and later. The piColFmt member is valid or must be set. If this flag is used, the cColumns member is valid or must be set.
The cColumns member is valid or must be set.
The operating system should store the requested list item information and not ask for it again. This flag is used only with the LVN_GETDISPINFO notification code.
The iGroupId member is valid or must be set. If this flag is not set when an LVM_INSERTITEM message is sent, the value of iGroupId is assumed to be I_GROUPIDCALLBACK.
The iImage member is valid or must be set.
The iIndent member is valid or must be set.
The control will not generate LVN_GETDISPINFO to retrieve text information if it receives an LVM_GETITEM message. Instead, the pszText member will contain LPSTR_TEXTCALLBACK.
The lParam member is valid or must be set.
The state member is valid or must be set.
The pszText member is valid or must be set.


Type: int

Zero-based index of the item to which this structure refers.


Type: int

One-based index of the subitem to which this structure refers, or zero if this structure refers to an item rather than a subitem.


Type: UINT

Indicates the item's state, state image, and overlay image. The stateMask member indicates the valid bits of this member.

Bits 0 through 7 of this member contain the item state flags. This can be one or more of the item state values.

Bits 8 through 11 of this member specify the one-based overlay image index. Both the full-sized icon image list and the small icon image list can have overlay images. The overlay image is superimposed over the item's icon image. If these bits are zero, the item has no overlay image. To isolate these bits, use the LVIS_OVERLAYMASK mask. To set the overlay image index in this member, you should use the INDEXTOOVERLAYMASK macro. The image list's overlay images are set with the ImageList_SetOverlayImage function.

Bits 12 through 15 of this member specify the state image index. The state image is displayed next to an item's icon to indicate an application-defined state. If these bits are zero, the item has no state image. To isolate these bits, use the LVIS_STATEIMAGEMASK mask. To set the state image index, use the INDEXTOSTATEIMAGEMASK macro. The state image index specifies the index of the image in the state image list that should be drawn. The state image list is specified with the LVM_SETIMAGELIST message.


Type: UINT

Value specifying which bits of the state member will be retrieved or modified. For example, setting this member to LVIS_SELECTED will cause only the item's selection state to be retrieved.

This member allows you to modify one or more item states without having to retrieve all of the item states first. For example, setting this member to LVIS_SELECTED and state to zero will cause the item's selection state to be cleared, but none of the other states will be affected.

To retrieve or modify all of the states, set this member to (UINT)-1.

You can use the macro ListView_SetItemState both to set and to clear bits.



If the structure specifies item attributes, pszText is a pointer to a null-terminated string containing the item text. When responding to an LVN_GETDISPINFO notification, be sure that this pointer remains valid until after the next notification has been received.

If the structure receives item attributes, pszText is a pointer to a buffer that receives the item text. Note that although the list-view control allows any length string to be stored as item text, only the first 259 TCHARs are displayed.

If the value of pszText is LPSTR_TEXTCALLBACK, the item is a callback item. If the callback text changes, you must explicitly set pszText to LPSTR_TEXTCALLBACK and notify the list-view control of the change by sending an LVM_SETITEM or LVM_SETITEMTEXT message.

Do not set pszText to LPSTR_TEXTCALLBACK if the list-view control has the LVS_SORTASCENDING or LVS_SORTDESCENDING style.


Type: int

Number of TCHARs in the buffer pointed to by pszText, including the terminating NULL.

This member is only used when the structure receives item attributes. It is ignored when the structure specifies item attributes. For example, cchTextMax is ignored during LVM_SETITEM and LVM_INSERTITEM. It is read-only during LVN_GETDISPINFO and other LVN_ notifications.

Note  Never copy more than cchTextMax TCHARs—where cchTextMax includes the terminating NULL—into pszText during an LVN_ notification, otherwise your program can fail.


Type: int

Index of the item's icon in the control's image list. This applies to both the large and small image list. If this member is the I_IMAGECALLBACK value, the parent window is responsible for storing the index. In this case, the list-view control sends the parent an LVN_GETDISPINFO notification code to retrieve the index when it needs to display the image.



Value specific to the item. If you use the LVM_SORTITEMS message, the list-view control passes this value to the application-defined comparison function. You can also use the LVM_FINDITEM message to search a list-view control for an item with a specified lParam value.


Type: int

Version 4.70. Number of image widths to indent the item. A single indentation equals the width of an item image. Therefore, the value 1 indents the item by the width of one image, the value 2 indents by two images, and so on. Note that this field is supported only for items. Attempting to set subitem indentation will cause the calling function to fail.


Type: int

Version 6.0 Identifier of the group that the item belongs to, or one of the following values.

Value Meaning
The listview control sends the parent an LVN_GETDISPINFO notification code to retrieve the index of the group.
The item does not belong to a group.


Type: UINT

Version 6.0 Number of data columns (subitems) to display for this item in tile view. The maximum value is 20. If this value is I_COLUMNSCALLBACK, the size of the column array and the array itself (puColumns) are obtained by sending a LVN_GETDISPINFO notification.



Version 6.0 A pointer to an array of column indices, specifying which columns are displayed for this item, and the order of those columns.


Type: int*

Windows Vista: Not implemented. Windows 7 and later: A pointer to an array of the following flags (alone or in combination), specifying the format of each subitem in extended tile view.

Value Meaning
Forces the column to wrap to the top of the next list of columns.
Fills the remainder of the tile area. Might have a title.
Allows the column to wrap within the remaining space in its list of columns.
Removes the title from the subitem.
Equivalent to a combination of LVCFMT_LINE_BREAK and LVCFMT_FILL.


Type: int

Windows Vista: Group index of the item. Valid only for owner data/callback (single item in multiple groups).


The LVITEM structure is used with several messages, including LVM_GETITEM, LVM_SETITEM, LVM_INSERTITEM, and LVM_DELETEITEM.

In tile view, the item name is displayed to the right of the icon. You can specify additional subitems (corresponding to columns in the details view), to be displayed on lines below the item name. The puColumns array contains the indices of subitems to be displayed. Indices should be greater than 0, because subitem 0, the item name, is already displayed. Column information can also be set in the LVTILEINFO structure when modifying the list item.

For example code, see Using List-View Controls.

Note  Comctl32.dll version 6 is not redistributable but it is included in Windows or later. To use Comctl32.dll version 6, specify it in a manifest. For more information on manifests, see Enabling Visual Styles.


The commctrl.h header defines LVITEM as an alias which automatically selects the ANSI or Unicode version of this function based on the definition of the UNICODE preprocessor constant. Mixing usage of the encoding-neutral alias with code that not encoding-neutral can lead to mismatches that result in compilation or runtime errors. For more information, see Conventions for Function Prototypes.


Requirement Value
Minimum supported client Windows Vista [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only]
Header commctrl.h