ID2D1Brush::SetTransform(constD2D1_MATRIX_3X2_F&) method (d2d1.h)

Sets the transformation applied to the brush.


void SetTransform(
  [ref] const D2D1_MATRIX_3X2_F & transform


[ref] transform

Type: const D2D1_MATRIX_3X2_F

The transformation to apply to this brush.

Return value



When you paint with a brush, it paints in the coordinate space of the render target. Brushes do not automatically position themselves to align with the object being painted; by default, they begin painting at the origin (0, 0) of the render target.

You can "move" the gradient defined by an ID2D1LinearGradientBrush to a target area by setting its start point and end point. Likewise, you can move the gradient defined by an ID2D1RadialGradientBrush by changing its center and radii.

To align the content of an ID2D1BitmapBrush to the area being painted, you can use the SetTransform method to translate the bitmap to the desired location. This transform only affects the brush; it does not affect any other content drawn by the render target.

The following illustrations show the effect of using an ID2D1BitmapBrush to fill a rectangle located at (100, 100). The illustration on the left illustration shows the result of filling the rectangle without transforming the brush: the bitmap is drawn at the render target's origin. As a result, only a portion of the bitmap appears in the rectangle.

The illustration on the right shows the result of transforming the ID2D1BitmapBrush so that its content is shifted 50 pixels to the right and 50 pixels down. The bitmap now fills the rectangle.

Illustration of two squares, one painted with a bitmap without a transformed brush and one painted with a transformed brush


The following code examples show how to create the transformation shown in the right diagram in the preceding illustration. First apply a translation to the ID2D1BitmapBrush, moving the brush 50 pixels right along the x-axis and 50 pixels down along the y-axis. Then use the ID2D1BitmapBrush to fill the rectangle that has the upper-left corner at (100, 100) and the lower-right corner at (200, 200).

// Create the bitmap to be used by the bitmap brush.
if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
    hr = LoadResourceBitmap(

if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
    hr = m_pRenderTarget->CreateBitmapBrush(

D2D1_RECT_F rcTransformedBrushRect = D2D1::RectF(100, 100, 200, 200);

 // Demonstrate the effect of transforming a bitmap brush.

 // To see the content of the rcTransformedBrushRect, comment
 // out this statement.

 m_pRenderTarget->DrawRectangle(rcTransformedBrushRect, m_pBlackBrush, 1, NULL);


Minimum supported client Windows 7, Windows Vista with SP2 and Platform Update for Windows Vista [desktop apps | UWP apps]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008 with SP2 and Platform Update for Windows Server 2008 [desktop apps | UWP apps]
Target Platform Windows
Header d2d1.h
Library D2d1.lib
DLL D2d1.dll

See also

Brushes Overview