D3D11_MAP enumeration (d3d11.h)

Identifies a resource to be accessed for reading and writing by the CPU. Applications may combine one or more of these flags.


typedef enum D3D11_MAP {
  D3D11_MAP_READ = 1,
  D3D11_MAP_WRITE = 2,
} ;


Value: 1
Resource is mapped for reading. The resource must have been created with read access
Value: 2
Resource is mapped for writing. The resource must have been created with write
access (see D3D11_CPU_ACCESS_WRITE).
Value: 3
Resource is mapped for reading and writing. The resource must have been created with read and write
access (see D3D11_CPU_ACCESS_READ and D3D11_CPU_ACCESS_WRITE).
Value: 4
Resource is mapped for writing; the previous contents of the resource will be undefined. The resource must have been created with write access
and dynamic usage (See D3D11_CPU_ACCESS_WRITE and D3D11_USAGE_DYNAMIC).
Value: 5
Resource is mapped for writing; the existing contents of the resource cannot be overwritten (see Remarks). This flag is only valid on vertex and
index buffers. The resource must have been created with write access (see D3D11_CPU_ACCESS_WRITE).
Cannot be used on a resource created with the D3D11_BIND_CONSTANT_BUFFER flag.

Note  The Direct3D 11.1 runtime, which is available starting with Windows 8, enables mapping dynamic constant buffers and shader resource views (SRVs) of dynamic buffers with D3D11_MAP_WRITE_NO_OVERWRITE. The Direct3D 11 and earlier runtimes limited mapping to vertex or index buffers. To determine if a Direct3D device supports these features, call ID3D11Device::CheckFeatureSupport with D3D11_FEATURE_D3D11_OPTIONS. CheckFeatureSupport fills members of a D3D11_FEATURE_DATA_D3D11_OPTIONS structure with the device's features. The relevant members here are MapNoOverwriteOnDynamicConstantBuffer and MapNoOverwriteOnDynamicBufferSRV.



This enumeration is used in ID3D11DeviceContext::Map.


D3D11_MAP_WRITE_NO_OVERWRITE signifies that the application promises not to write to data that the input assembler (IA) stage is using. In exchange, the GPU allows the application to write to other parts of the same buffer. The application must ensure that it does not write over any data in use by the IA stage.

For example, consider the buffer illustrated in the following diagram. If a Draw call has been issued that uses vertices 4-6, then an application that calls Map on this buffer must ensure that it does not write to the vertices that the Draw call will access during rendering.

Diagram of a buffer that includes vertices in different stages of utilization However, ensuring this can be difficult, because the GPU is often many frames behind the CPU in terms of which frame it is currently processing. Keeping track of which sections of a resource are being used because of calls made 2 to 5 frames ago is difficult and error-prone. Because of this, it is recommended that applications only write to the uninitialized portions of a resource when using D3D11_MAP_WRITE_NO_OVERWRITE.


D3D11_MAP_WRITE_DISCARD and D3D11_MAP_WRITE_NO_OVERWRITE are normally used in conjunction with dynamic index/vertex buffers. D3D11_MAP_WRITE_DISCARD can also be used with dynamic textures. However, D3D11_MAP_WRITE_NO_OVERWRITE cannot be used with dynamic textures.

A common use of these two flags involves filling dynamic index/vertex buffers with geometry that can be seen from the camera's current position. The first time that data is entered into the buffer on a given frame, Map is called with D3D11_MAP_WRITE_DISCARD; doing so invalidates the previous contents of the buffer. The buffer is then filled with all available data.

Subsequent writes to the buffer within the same frame should use D3D11_MAP_WRITE_NO_OVERWRITE. This will enable the CPU to access a resource that is potentially being used by the GPU as long as the restrictions described previously are respected.


Requirement Value
Header d3d11.h

See also

Resource Enumerations