DefineDosDeviceW function (fileapi.h)

Defines, redefines, or deletes MS-DOS device names.


BOOL DefineDosDeviceW(
  [in]           DWORD   dwFlags,
  [in]           LPCWSTR lpDeviceName,
  [in, optional] LPCWSTR lpTargetPath


[in] dwFlags

The controllable aspects of the DefineDosDevice function. This parameter can be one or more of the following values.

Value Meaning
If this value is specified along with DDD_REMOVE_DEFINITION, the function will use an exact match to determine which mapping to remove. Use this value to ensure that you do not delete something that you did not define.
Do not broadcast the WM_SETTINGCHANGE message. By default, this message is broadcast to notify the shell and applications of the change.
Uses the lpTargetPath string as is. Otherwise, it is converted from an MS-DOS path to a path.
Removes the specified definition for the specified device. To determine which definition to remove, the function walks the list of mappings for the device, looking for a match of lpTargetPath against a prefix of each mapping associated with this device. The first mapping that matches is the one removed, and then the function returns.

If lpTargetPath is NULL or a pointer to a NULL string, the function will remove the first mapping associated with the device and pop the most recent one pushed. If there is nothing left to pop, the device name will be removed.

If this value is not specified, the string pointed to by the lpTargetPath parameter will become the new mapping for this device.

[in] lpDeviceName

A pointer to an MS-DOS device name string specifying the device the function is defining, redefining, or deleting. The device name string must not have a colon as the last character, unless a drive letter is being defined, redefined, or deleted. For example, drive C would be the string "C:". In no case is a trailing backslash (\) allowed.

[in, optional] lpTargetPath

A pointer to a path string that will implement this device. The string is an MS-DOS path string unless the DDD_RAW_TARGET_PATH flag is specified, in which case this string is a path string.

Return value

If the function succeeds, the return value is nonzero.

If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.


MS-DOS device names are stored as junctions in the object namespace. The code that converts an MS-DOS path into a corresponding path uses these junctions to map MS-DOS devices and drive letters. The DefineDosDevice function enables an application to modify the junctions used to implement the MS-DOS device namespace.

To retrieve the current mapping for a particular MS-DOS device name or to obtain a list of all MS-DOS devices known to the system, use the QueryDosDevice function.

To define a drive letter assignment that is persistent across boots and not a network share, use the SetVolumeMountPoint function. If the volume to be mounted already has a drive letter assigned to it, use the DeleteVolumeMountPoint function to remove the assignment.

Drive letters and device names defined at system boot time are protected from redefinition and deletion unless the user is an administrator.

Starting with Windows XP, this function creates a device name for a caller that is not running in the "LocalSystem" context in its own Local MS-DOS device namespace. If the caller is running in the "LocalSystem" context, the function creates the device name in the Global MS-DOS device namespace. For more information, see Defining an MS DOS Device Name and File Names, Paths, and Namespaces.

In Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012, this function is supported by the following technologies.

Technology Supported
Server Message Block (SMB) 3.0 protocol No
SMB 3.0 Transparent Failover (TFO) No
SMB 3.0 with Scale-out File Shares (SO) No
Cluster Shared Volume File System (CsvFS) No
Resilient File System (ReFS) No

SMB does not support volume management functions. For CsvFs, a new name will not be replicated to the other nodes on the cluster.


For an example, see Editing Drive Letter Assignments.


Requirement Value
Minimum supported client Windows XP [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header fileapi.h (include Windows.h)
Library Kernel32.lib
DLL Kernel32.dll

See also




Volume Management Functions