MapViewOfFileFromApp function (memoryapi.h)

Maps a view of a file mapping into the address space of a calling Windows Store app.


PVOID MapViewOfFileFromApp(
  [in] HANDLE  hFileMappingObject,
  [in] ULONG   DesiredAccess,
  [in] ULONG64 FileOffset,
  [in] SIZE_T  NumberOfBytesToMap


[in] hFileMappingObject

A handle to a file mapping object. The CreateFileMappingFromApp function returns this handle.

[in] DesiredAccess

The type of access to a file mapping object, which determines the page protection of the pages. This parameter can be one of the following values, or a bitwise OR combination of multiple values where appropriate.

Value Meaning
A read/write view of the file is mapped. The file mapping object must have been created with PAGE_READWRITE protection.

When used with MapViewOfFileFromApp, FILE_MAP_ALL_ACCESS is equivalent to FILE_MAP_WRITE.

A read-only view of the file is mapped. An attempt to write to the file view results in an access violation.

The file mapping object must have been created with PAGE_READONLY, PAGE_READWRITE, PAGE_EXECUTE_READ, or PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE protection.

A read/write view of the file is mapped. The file mapping object must have been created with PAGE_READWRITE protection.

When used with MapViewOfFileFromApp, (FILE_MAP_WRITE | FILE_MAP_READ) is equivalent to FILE_MAP_WRITE.


Using bitwise OR, you can combine the values above with these values.

Value Meaning
A copy-on-write view of the file is mapped. The file mapping object must have been created with PAGE_READONLY, PAGE_READ_EXECUTE, PAGE_WRITECOPY, or PAGE_READWRITE protection.

When a process writes to a copy-on-write page, the system copies the original page to a new page that is private to the process. The new page is backed by the paging file. The protection of the new page changes from copy-on-write to read/write.

When copy-on-write access is specified, the system and process commit charge taken is for the entire view because the calling process can potentially write to every page in the view, making all pages private. The contents of the new page are never written back to the original file and are lost when the view is unmapped.

Starting with Windows 10, version 1703, this flag specifies that the view should be mapped using large page support. The size of the view must be a multiple of the size of a large page reported by the GetLargePageMinimum function, and the file-mapping object must have been created using the SEC_LARGE_PAGES option. If you provide a non-null value for lpBaseAddress, then the value must be a multiple of GetLargePageMinimum.
Sets all the locations in the mapped file as invalid targets for Control Flow Guard (CFG). This flag is similar to PAGE_TARGETS_INVALID. Use this flag in combination with the execute access right FILE_MAP_EXECUTE. Any indirect call to locations in those pages will fail CFG checks, and the process will be terminated. The default behavior for executable pages allocated is to be marked valid call targets for CFG.

For file-mapping objects created with the SEC_IMAGE attribute, the dwDesiredAccess parameter has no effect, and should be set to any valid value such as FILE_MAP_READ.

For more information about access to file mapping objects, see File Mapping Security and Access Rights.

[in] FileOffset

The file offset where the view is to begin. The offset must specify an offset within the file mapping. They must also match the memory allocation granularity of the system. That is, the offset must be a multiple of the allocation granularity. To obtain the memory allocation granularity of the system, use the GetSystemInfo function, which fills in the members of a SYSTEM_INFO structure.

[in] NumberOfBytesToMap

The number of bytes of a file mapping to map to the view. All bytes must be within the maximum size specified by CreateFileMappingFromApp. If this parameter is 0 (zero), the mapping extends from the specified offset to the end of the file mapping.

Return value

If the function succeeds, the return value is the starting address of the mapped view.

If the function fails, the return value is NULL. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.


With one important exception, file views derived from any file mapping object that is backed by the same file are coherent or identical at a specific time. Coherency is guaranteed for views within a process and for views that are mapped by different processes.

The exception is related to remote files. Although MapViewOfFileFromApp works with remote files, it does not keep them coherent. For example, if two computers both map a file as writable, and both change the same page, each computer only sees its own writes to the page. When the data gets updated on the disk, it is not merged.

You can only successfully request executable protection if your app has the codeGeneration capability.


Requirement Value
Minimum supported client Windows 8 [desktop apps | UWP apps]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2012 [desktop apps | UWP apps]
Target Platform Windows
Header memoryapi.h (include Windows.h)
Library onecore.lib
DLL Kernel32.dll

See also


Creating a File View





Memory Management Functions