IMMDeviceEnumerator::EnumAudioEndpoints method (mmdeviceapi.h)

The EnumAudioEndpoints method generates a collection of audio endpoint devices that meet the specified criteria.


HRESULT EnumAudioEndpoints(
  [in]  EDataFlow           dataFlow,
  [in]  DWORD               dwStateMask,
  [out] IMMDeviceCollection **ppDevices


[in] dataFlow

The data-flow direction for the endpoint devices in the collection. The caller should set this parameter to one of the following EDataFlow enumeration values:




If the caller specifies eAll, the method includes both rendering and capture endpoints in the collection.

[in] dwStateMask

The state or states of the endpoints that are to be included in the collection. The caller should set this parameter to the bitwise OR of one or more of the following DEVICE_STATE_XXX constants:





For example, if the caller sets the dwStateMask parameter to DEVICE_STATE_ACTIVE | DEVICE_STATE_UNPLUGGED, the method includes endpoints that are either active or unplugged from their jacks, but excludes endpoints that are on audio adapters that have been disabled or are not present. To include all endpoints, regardless of state, set dwStateMask = DEVICE_STATEMASK_ALL.

[out] ppDevices

Pointer to a pointer variable into which the method writes the address of the IMMDeviceCollection interface of the device-collection object. Through this method, the caller obtains a counted reference to the interface. The caller is responsible for releasing the interface, when it is no longer needed, by calling the interface's Release method. If the EnumAudioEndpoints call fails, *ppDevices is NULL.

Return value

If the method succeeds, it returns S_OK. If it fails, possible return codes include, but are not limited to, the values shown in the following table.

Return code Description
Parameter ppDevices is NULL.
Parameter dataFlow or dwStateMask is out of range.
Out of memory.


For example, the following call enumerates all audio-rendering endpoint devices that are currently active (present and not disabled):

  hr = pDevEnum->EnumAudioEndpoints(
                   eRender, DEVICE_STATE_ACTIVE,

In the preceding code fragment, variable hr is of type HRESULT, pDevEnum is a pointer to an IMMDeviceEnumerator interface, and pEndpoints is a pointer to an IMMDeviceCollection interface.


For a code example that calls the EnumAudioEndpoints method, see Device Properties.


Minimum supported client Windows Vista [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2008 [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header mmdeviceapi.h

See also

IMMDeviceCollection Interface

IMMDeviceEnumerator Interface