NCryptDecrypt function (ncrypt.h)

The NCryptDecrypt function decrypts a block of encrypted data.


  [in]           NCRYPT_KEY_HANDLE hKey,
  [in]           PBYTE             pbInput,
  [in]           DWORD             cbInput,
  [in, optional] VOID              *pPaddingInfo,
  [out]          PBYTE             pbOutput,
  [in]           DWORD             cbOutput,
  [out]          DWORD             *pcbResult,
  [in]           DWORD             dwFlags


[in] hKey

The handle of the key to use to decrypt the data.

[in] pbInput

The address of a buffer that contains the data to be decrypted. The cbInput parameter contains the size of the data to decrypt. For more information, see Remarks.

[in] cbInput

The number of bytes in the pbInput buffer to decrypt.

[in, optional] pPaddingInfo

A pointer to a structure that contains padding information. The actual type of structure this parameter points to depends on the value of the dwFlags parameter. This parameter is only used with asymmetric keys and must be NULL otherwise.

[out] pbOutput

The address of a buffer that will receive the decrypted data produced by this function. The cbOutput parameter contains the size of this buffer. For more information, see Remarks.

If this parameter is NULL, this function will calculate the size needed for the decrypted data and return the size in the location pointed to by the pcbResult parameter.

[in] cbOutput

The size, in bytes, of the pbOutput buffer. This parameter is ignored if the pbOutput parameter is NULL.

[out] pcbResult

A pointer to a DWORD variable that receives the number of bytes copied to the pbOutput buffer. If pbOutput is NULL, this receives the size, in bytes, required for the decrypted data.

[in] dwFlags

Flags that modify function behavior. The allowed set of flags depends on the type of key specified by the hKey parameter.

If the key is an asymmetric key, this can be one of the following values.

Value Meaning
No padding was used when the data was encrypted. The pPaddingInfo parameter is not used.
The Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding (OAEP) scheme was used when the data was encrypted. The pPaddingInfo parameter is a pointer to a BCRYPT_OAEP_PADDING_INFO structure.
The data was padded with a random number to round out the block size when the data was encrypted. The pPaddingInfo parameter is not used.

The following value can be used for any key.

Value Meaning
Requests that the key service provider (KSP) not display any user interface. If the provider must display the UI to operate, the call fails and the KSP should set the NTE_SILENT_CONTEXT error code as the last error.

Return value

Returns a status code that indicates the success or failure of the function.

Possible return codes include, but are not limited to, the following.

Return code Description
The function was successful.
The dwFlags parameter contains a value that is not valid.
The size specified by the cbOutput parameter is not large enough to hold the decrypted data.
The hKey parameter is not valid.
One or more parameters are not valid.
The key identified by the hKey parameter cannot be used for decryption.


The pbInput and pbOutput parameters can point to the same buffer. In this case, this function will perform the decryption in place.

A service must not call this function from its StartService Function. If a service calls this function from its StartService function, a deadlock can occur, and the service may stop responding.


Requirement Value
Minimum supported client Windows Vista [desktop apps | UWP apps]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2008 [desktop apps | UWP apps]
Target Platform Windows
Header ncrypt.h
Library Ncrypt.lib
DLL Ncrypt.dll

See also