BIND_OPTS structure (objidl.h)

Contains parameters used during a moniker-binding operation.

The BIND_OPTS2 or BIND_OPTS3 structure can be used in place of the BIND_OPTS structure.


typedef struct tagBIND_OPTS {
  DWORD cbStruct;
  DWORD grfFlags;
  DWORD grfMode;
  DWORD dwTickCountDeadline;



The size of this structure, in bytes.


Flags that control aspects of moniker binding operations. This value is any combination of the bit flags in the BIND_FLAGS enumeration. The CreateBindCtx function initializes this member to zero.


Flags that should be used when opening the file that contains the object identified by the moniker. Possible values are the STGM constants. The binding operation uses these flags in the call to IPersistFile::Load when loading the file. If the object is already running, these flags are ignored by the binding operation. The CreateBindCtx function initializes this field to STGM_READWRITE.


The clock time by which the caller would like the binding operation to be completed, in milliseconds. This member lets the caller limit the execution time of an operation when speed is of primary importance. A value of zero indicates that there is no deadline. Callers most often use this capability when calling the IMoniker::GetTimeOfLastChange method, though it can be usefully applied to other operations as well. The CreateBindCtx function initializes this field to zero.

Typical deadlines allow for a few hundred milliseconds of execution. This deadline is a recommendation, not a requirement; however, operations that exceed their deadline by a large amount may cause delays for the end user. Each moniker implementation should try to complete its operation by the deadline, or fail with the error MK_E_EXCEEDEDDEADLINE.

If a binding operation exceeds its deadline because one or more objects that it needs are not running, the moniker implementation should register the objects responsible in the bind context using the IBindCtx::RegisterObjectParam. The objects should be registered under the parameter names "ExceededDeadline", "ExceededDeadline1", "ExceededDeadline2", and so on. If the caller later finds the object in the running object table, the caller can retry the binding operation.

The GetTickCount function indicates the number of milliseconds since system startup, and wraps back to zero after 2^31 milliseconds. Consequently, callers should be careful not to inadvertently pass a zero value (which indicates no deadline), and moniker implementations should be aware of clock wrapping problems.


A BIND_OPTS structure is stored in a bind context; the same bind context is used by each component of a composite moniker during binding, allowing the same parameters to be passed to all components of a composite moniker. See IBindCtx for more information about bind contexts.

Moniker clients (use a moniker to acquire an interface pointer to an object) typically do not need to specify values for the members of this structure. The CreateBindCtx function creates a bind context with the bind options set to default values that are suitable for most situations; the BindMoniker function does the same thing when creating a bind context for use in binding a moniker. If you want to modify the values of these bind options, you can do so by passing a BIND_OPTS structure to the IBindCtx::SetBindOptions method. Moniker implementers can pass a BIND_OPTS structure to the IBindCtx::GetBindOptions method to retrieve the values of these bind options.


Minimum supported client Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps | UWP apps]
Minimum supported server Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps | UWP apps]
Header objidl.h

See also