Provider::ExecQuery method (provider.h)

[The Provider class is part of the WMI Provider Framework which is now considered in final state, and no further development, enhancements, or updates will be available for non-security related issues affecting these libraries. The MI APIs should be used for all new development.]

The ExecQuery method is called by WMI to process a WMI Query Language (WQL) query.


HRESULT ExecQuery(
        MethodContext     *pMethodContext,
  [ref] CFrameworkQuery & cQuery,
        long              lFlags



Pointer to the context object for this call. This value contains any IWbemContext properties specified by the client. Also, this pointer must be used as a parameter to any calls back into WMI.

[ref] cQuery

Pointer to a query that has already been parsed by the provider framework.


Bitmask of flags with information about the execute query operation. This is the value specified by the client in the IWbemServices::ExecQuery method.

The following flags are handled by (and filtered out) by WMI:


Return value

The default framework provider implementation of this method returns WBEM_E_PROVIDER_NOT_CAPABLE to the calling method. The IWbemServices::ExecQuery method lists the common return values, although you can choose to return any COM return code.


WMI often calls ExecQuery in response to a client call to IWbemServices::ExecQuery, where the client passes in either a list of selected properties or a WHERE clause. WMI can also call ExecQuery if the client query contains an "ASSOCIATORS OF" or "REFERENCES OF" statement describing your class. If your implementation of ExecQuery returns WBEM_E_NOT_SUPPORTED, the client relies on WMI to handle the query.

WMI handles a query by calling your implementation of CreateInstanceEnum to provide all the instances. WMI then filters the resulting instances before returning the instances to the client. Therefore, any implementation of ExecQuery you create must be more efficient than CreateInstanceEnum.

The following describes a common implementation of ExecQuery:

  1. Create an empty instance of your class using Provider::CreateNewInstance.
  2. Determine the subset of instances that you should create.

    You can use methods such as IsPropertyRequired to see what properties are required, and GetValuesForProp to see what instances WMI requires. Other methods that deal with requested properties include CFrameworkQuery::GetRequiredProperties, CFrameworkQuery::AllPropertiesAreRequired, and CFrameworkQuery::KeysOnly.

  3. Populate the properties of the empty instance using the Set methods of the CInstance class, such as CInstance::SetByte or CInstance::SetStringArray.
  4. Send the instance back to the client using CInstance::Commit.
  5. Return the appropriate return values.

    The default ExecQuery framework provider implementation returns WBEM_E_PROVIDER_NOT_CAPABLE. If you implement ExecQuery, you should use the common return values listed in IWbemServices::ExecQuery. If necessary, however, you can return any COM return code.

WMI does not send "ASSOCIATORS OF" or "REFERENCES OF" queries through to framework providers. Instead, WMI uses the schema to determine which classes are related to the class in question, and generates an appropriate WQL query to retrieve the results. Therefore, you do not need to code any additional support of "ASSOCIATORS OF" and "REFERENCES OF" queries.

However, you should keep the following in mind when writing your framework provider:


Requirement Value
Minimum supported client Windows Vista
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2008
Target Platform Windows
Header provider.h (include FwCommon.h)
Library FrameDyn.lib
DLL FrameDynOS.dll; FrameDyn.dll