GetModuleFileNameExA function (psapi.h)
Retrieves the fully qualified path for the file containing the specified module.
DWORD GetModuleFileNameExA( [in] HANDLE hProcess, [in, optional] HMODULE hModule, [out] LPSTR lpFilename, [in] DWORD nSize );
A handle to the process that contains the module.
The handle must have the PROCESS_QUERY_INFORMATION and PROCESS_VM_READ access rights. For more information, see Process Security and Access Rights.
Windows 10 and later, Windows Server 2016 and later: If the hModule parameter is NULL, then the handle requires only PROCESS_QUERY_LIMITED_INFORMATION access rights.
The GetModuleFileNameEx function does not retrieve the path for modules that were loaded using the LOAD_LIBRARY_AS_DATAFILE flag. For more information, see LoadLibraryEx.
[in, optional] hModule
A handle to the module. If this parameter is NULL, GetModuleFileNameEx returns the path of the executable file of the process specified in hProcess.
A pointer to a buffer that receives the fully qualified path to the module. If the size of the file name is larger than the value of the nSize parameter, the function succeeds but the file name is truncated and null-terminated.
The size of the lpFilename buffer, in characters.
If the function succeeds, the return value specifies the length of the string copied to the buffer.
If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.
The GetModuleFileNameEx function is primarily designed for use by debuggers and similar applications that must extract module information from another process. If the module list in the target process is corrupted or is not yet initialized, or if the module list changes during the function call as a result of DLLs being loaded or unloaded, GetModuleFileNameEx may fail or return incorrect information.
To retrieve the name of a module in the current process, use the GetModuleFileName function. This is more efficient and more reliable than calling GetModuleFileNameEx with a handle to the current process.
To retrieve the name of the main executable module for a remote process, use the GetProcessImageFileName or QueryFullProcessImageName function. This is more efficient and more reliable than calling the GetModuleFileNameEx function with a NULL module handle.
Starting with Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2, Psapi.h establishes version numbers for the PSAPI functions. The PSAPI version number affects the name used to call the function and the library that a program must load.
If PSAPI_VERSION is 2 or greater, this function is defined as K32GetModuleFileNameEx in Psapi.h and exported in Kernel32.lib and Kernel32.dll. If PSAPI_VERSION is 1, this function is defined as GetModuleFileNameEx in Psapi.h and exported in Psapi.lib and Psapi.dll as a wrapper that calls K32GetModuleFileNameEx.
Programs that must run on earlier versions of Windows as well as Windows 7 and later versions should always call this function as GetModuleFileNameEx. To ensure correct resolution of symbols, add Psapi.lib to the TARGETLIBS macro and compile the program with -DPSAPI_VERSION=1. To use run-time dynamic linking, load Psapi.dll.
For an example, see Enumerating All Modules for a Process.
The psapi.h header defines GetModuleFileNameEx as an alias which automatically selects the ANSI or Unicode version of this function based on the definition of the UNICODE preprocessor constant. Mixing usage of the encoding-neutral alias with code that not encoding-neutral can lead to mismatches that result in compilation or runtime errors. For more information, see Conventions for Function Prototypes.
|Minimum supported client||Windows XP [desktop apps | UWP apps]|
|Minimum supported server||Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps | UWP apps]|
|Library||Kernel32.lib on Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2; Psapi.lib (if PSAPI_VERSION=1) on Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2; Psapi.lib on Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP|
|DLL||Kernel32.dll on Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2; Psapi.dll (if PSAPI_VERSION=1) on Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2; Psapi.dll on Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP|