SHGetPropertyStoreForWindow function (shellapi.h)

Retrieves an object that represents a specific window's collection of properties, which allows those properties to be queried or set.


SHSTDAPI SHGetPropertyStoreForWindow(
  [in]  HWND   hwnd,
  [in]  REFIID riid,
  [out] void   **ppv


[in] hwnd

Type: HWND

A handle to the window whose properties are being retrieved.

[in] riid


A reference to the IID of the property store object to retrieve through ppv. This is typically IID_IPropertyStore.

[out] ppv

Type: void**

When this function returns, contains the interface pointer requested in riid. This is typically IPropertyStore.

Return value


If this function succeeds, it returns S_OK. Otherwise, it returns an HRESULT error code.


An application can use this function to obtain access to a window's property store so that it can set an explicit Application User Model ID (AppUserModelID) in the System.AppUserModel.ID property.

A window's properties must be removed before the window is closed. If this is not done, the resources used by those properties are not returned to the system. A property is removed by setting it to the PROPVARIANT type VT_EMPTY.

When a call is made to IPropertyStore::SetValue on the object retrieved through ppv, the properties and values are immediately stored on the window. Therefore, no call to IPropertyStore::Commit is needed. No error occurs if it is called, but it has no effect.

An application sets AppUserModelIDs on individual windows to control the application's taskbar grouping and Jump List contents. For instance, a suite application might want to provide a different taskbar button for each of its subfeatures, with the windows relating to that subfeature grouped under that button. Without window-level AppUserModelIDs, those windows would all be grouped together under the main process.

Applications should also use this property store to set these relaunch properties so that the system can return the application to that state.


Requirement Value
Minimum supported client Windows 7 [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2008 R2 [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header shellapi.h
Library Shell32.lib
DLL Shell32.dll (version 6.1 or later)

See also

Application User Model IDs (AppUserModelIDs)