ScrollWindowEx function (winuser.h)

The ScrollWindowEx function scrolls the contents of the specified window's client area.


int ScrollWindowEx(
  [in]  HWND       hWnd,
  [in]  int        dx,
  [in]  int        dy,
  [in]  const RECT *prcScroll,
  [in]  const RECT *prcClip,
  [in]  HRGN       hrgnUpdate,
  [out] LPRECT     prcUpdate,
  [in]  UINT       flags


[in] hWnd

Type: HWND

Handle to the window where the client area is to be scrolled.

[in] dx

Type: int

Specifies the amount, in device units, of horizontal scrolling. This parameter must be a negative value to scroll to the left.

[in] dy

Type: int

Specifies the amount, in device units, of vertical scrolling. This parameter must be a negative value to scroll up.

[in] prcScroll

Type: const RECT*

Pointer to a RECT structure that specifies the portion of the client area to be scrolled. If this parameter is NULL, the entire client area is scrolled.

[in] prcClip

Type: const RECT*

Pointer to a RECT structure that contains the coordinates of the clipping rectangle. Only device bits within the clipping rectangle are affected. Bits scrolled from the outside of the rectangle to the inside are painted; bits scrolled from the inside of the rectangle to the outside are not painted. This parameter may be NULL.

[in] hrgnUpdate

Type: HRGN

Handle to the region that is modified to hold the region invalidated by scrolling. This parameter may be NULL.

[out] prcUpdate


Pointer to a RECT structure that receives the boundaries of the rectangle invalidated by scrolling. This parameter may be NULL.

[in] flags

Type: UINT

Specifies flags that control scrolling. This parameter can be a combination of the following values.

Value Meaning
Erases the newly invalidated region by sending a WM_ERASEBKGND message to the window when specified with the SW_INVALIDATE flag.
Invalidates the region identified by the hrgnUpdate parameter after scrolling.
Scrolls all child windows that intersect the rectangle pointed to by the prcScroll parameter. The child windows are scrolled by the number of pixels specified by the dx and dy parameters. The system sends a WM_MOVE message to all child windows that intersect the prcScroll rectangle, even if they do not move.
Scrolls using smooth scrolling. Use the HIWORD portion of the flags parameter to indicate how much time, in milliseconds, the smooth-scrolling operation should take.

Return value

Type: int

If the function succeeds, the return value is SIMPLEREGION (rectangular invalidated region), COMPLEXREGION (nonrectangular invalidated region; overlapping rectangles), or NULLREGION (no invalidated region).

If the function fails, the return value is ERROR. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.


If the SW_INVALIDATE and SW_ERASE flags are not specified, ScrollWindowEx does not invalidate the area that is scrolled from. If either of these flags is set, ScrollWindowEx invalidates this area. The area is not updated until the application calls the UpdateWindow function, calls the RedrawWindow function (specifying the RDW_UPDATENOW or RDW_ERASENOW flag), or retrieves the WM_PAINT message from the application queue.

If the window has the WS_CLIPCHILDREN style, the returned areas specified by hrgnUpdate and prcUpdate represent the total area of the scrolled window that must be updated, including any areas in child windows that need updating.

If the SW_SCROLLCHILDREN flag is specified, the system does not properly update the screen if part of a child window is scrolled. The part of the scrolled child window that lies outside the source rectangle is not erased and is not properly redrawn in its new destination. To move child windows that do not lie completely within the rectangle specified by prcScroll, use the DeferWindowPos function. The cursor is repositioned if the SW_SCROLLCHILDREN flag is set and the caret rectangle intersects the scroll rectangle.

All input and output coordinates (for prcScroll, prcClip, prcUpdate, and hrgnUpdate) are determined as client coordinates, regardless of whether the window has the CS_OWNDC or CS_CLASSDC class style. Use the LPtoDP and DPtoLP functions to convert to and from logical coordinates, if necessary.


For an example, see Scrolling Text with the WM_PAINT Message.


Requirement Value
Minimum supported client Windows Vista [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header winuser.h (include Windows.h)
Library User32.lib
DLL User32.dll
API set ext-ms-win-ntuser-misc-l1-2-0 (introduced in Windows 8.1)

See also




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