SetCoalescableTimer function (winuser.h)

Creates a timer with the specified time-out value and coalescing tolerance delay.


UINT_PTR SetCoalescableTimer(
  [in, optional] HWND      hWnd,
  [in]           UINT_PTR  nIDEvent,
  [in]           UINT      uElapse,
  [in, optional] TIMERPROC lpTimerFunc,
  [in]           ULONG     uToleranceDelay


[in, optional] hWnd

Type: HWND

A handle to the window to be associated with the timer. This window must be owned by the calling thread. If a NULL value for hWnd is passed in along with an nIDEvent of an existing timer, that timer will be replaced in the same way that an existing non-NULL hWnd timer will be.

[in] nIDEvent


A timer identifier. If the hWnd parameter is NULL, and the nIDEvent does not match an existing timer, then the nIDEvent is ignored and a new timer ID is generated. If the hWnd parameter is not NULL and the window specified by hWnd already has a timer with the value nIDEvent, then the existing timer is replaced by the new timer. When SetCoalescableTimer replaces a timer, the timer is reset. Therefore, a message will be sent after the current time-out value elapses, but the previously set time-out value is ignored. If the call is not intended to replace an existing timer, nIDEvent should be 0 if the hWnd is NULL.

[in] uElapse

Type: UINT

The time-out value, in milliseconds.

If uElapse is less than USER_TIMER_MINIMUM (0x0000000A), the timeout is set to USER_TIMER_MINIMUM. If uElapse is greater than USER_TIMER_MAXIMUM (0x7FFFFFFF), the timeout is set to USER_TIMER_MAXIMUM.

If the sum of uElapse and uToleranceDelay exceeds USER_TIMER_MAXIMUM, an ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER exception occurs.

[in, optional] lpTimerFunc


A pointer to the function to be notified when the time-out value elapses. For more information about the function, see TimerProc. If lpTimerFunc is NULL, the system posts a WM_TIMER message to the application queue. The hwnd member of the message's MSG structure contains the value of the hWnd parameter.

[in] uToleranceDelay


It can be one of the following values:

Value Meaning
Uses the system default timer coalescing.
Uses no timer coalescing. When this value is used, the created timer is not coalesced, no matter what the system default timer coalescing is or the application compatibility flags are.
Note  Do not use this value unless you are certain that the timer requires no coalescing.
0x1 - 0x7FFFFFF5
Specifies the coalescing tolerance delay, in milliseconds.

Applications should set this value to the system default (TIMERV_DEFAULT_COALESCING) or the largest value possible.

If the sum of uElapse and uToleranceDelay exceeds USER_TIMER_MAXIMUM (0x7FFFFFFF), an ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER exception occurs.

See Windows Timer Coalescing for more details and best practices.

Any other value
An invalid value. If uToleranceDelay is set to an invalid value, the function fails and returns zero.

Return value


If the function succeeds and the hWnd parameter is NULL, the return value is an integer identifying the new timer. An application can pass this value to the KillTimer function to destroy the timer.

If the function succeeds and the hWnd parameter is not NULL, then the return value is a nonzero integer. An application can pass the value of the nIDEvent parameter to the KillTimer function to destroy the timer.

If the function fails to create a timer, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.


An application can process WM_TIMER messages by including a WM_TIMER case statement in the window procedure or by specifying a TimerProc callback function when creating the timer. When you specify a TimerProc callback function, the default window procedure calls the callback function when it processes WM_TIMER. Therefore, you need to dispatch messages in the calling thread, even when you use TimerProc instead of processing WM_TIMER.

The wParam parameter of the WM_TIMER message contains the value of the nIDEvent parameter.

The timer identifier, nIDEvent, is specific to the associated window. Another window can have its own timer which has the same identifier as a timer owned by another window. The timers are distinct.

SetTimer can reuse timer IDs in the case where hWnd is NULL.

When uToleranceDelay is set to 0, the system default timer coalescing is used and SetCoalescableTimer behaves the same as SetTimer.

Before using SetCoalescableTimer or other timer-related functions, it is recommended to set the UOI_TIMERPROC_EXCEPTION_SUPPRESSION flag to false through the SetUserObjectInformationW function, otherwise the application could behave unpredictably and could be vulnerable to security exploits. For more info, see SetUserObjectInformationW.


Minimum supported client Windows 8 [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2012 [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header winuser.h (include Windows.h)
Library User32.lib
DLL User32.dll
API set ext-ms-win-ntuser-window-l1-1-2 (introduced in Windows 10, version 10.0.10240)

See also

Coalescing timers sample











Using Timers