SetSecurityDescriptor method of the Win32_Printer class

The SetSecurityDescriptor method writes an updated version of the security descriptor that controls access to the printer. The security descriptor is an instance of the Win32_SecurityDescriptor class. For more information, see Changing Access Security on Securable Objects.

This topic uses Managed Object Format (MOF) syntax. For more information about using this method, see Calling a Method.


uint32 SetSecurityDescriptor(
  [in] Win32_SecurityDescriptor Descriptor


Descriptor [in]

The security descriptor that is associated with the printer.

Return value

Returns one of the values listed in the following list, or a different value to indicate an error. For additional error codes, see WMI Error Constants or WbemErrorEnum. For general HRESULT values, see System Error Codes.


Successful completion.


The user does not have access to the requested information.


Unknown failure.


The user does not have adequate privileges to execute the method.


A parameter specified in the method call is not valid.


The Win32_SecurityDescriptor instance represents a SECURITY_DESCRIPTOR_CONTROL data type and contains a discretionary access control list (DACL) and a system access control list (SACL). For more information, see Access Control Lists.

If the SeSecurityPrivilege is not granted or enabled when getting a security descriptor, then only the DACL is returned in the returned security descriptor. For more information, see Privilege Constants and Executing Privileged Operations.

You can update both the DACL and the SACL in the Win32_SecurityDescriptor instance when calling this method, but you can also update only the DACL or only the SACL.

The following values in SECURITY_DESCRIPTOR_CONTROL determine whether the DACL, the SACL, or both are updated.


    Indicates that the DACL should be updated. If this is not set then WMI preserves the original value of the DACL.


    Indicates that the SACL should be updated. If this is not set, then WMI preserves the original value of the SACL. To update the SACL, the account must have the SeSecurityPrivilege privilege enabled. For scripting, the privilege name is SeSecurityPrivilege. For more information, see Privilege Constants.

If the Group trustee and the Owner trustee properties are not NULL, then they are updated. Otherwise, WMI preserves the original values. For more information, see WMI Security Descriptor Objects.

When a new SACL is NULL in a call to this method, then the security descriptor SACL on the target securable object is left unchanged.


The following PowerShell code sample describes how to set the security descriptor for a printer.

# Specify the user or group
$user = "everyone"

# create instances of necessary classes
$SD = ([WMIClass] "Win32_SecurityDescriptor").CreateInstance()
$ace = ([WMIClass] "Win32_Ace").CreateInstance()
$Trustee = ([WMIClass] "Win32_Trustee").CreateInstance()

# Translate a name of user or group to SID
$SID = (new-object security.principal.ntaccount $user).translate([security.principal.securityidentifier])

# Get binary form from SID and byte Array
[byte[]] $SIDArray = ,0 * $SID.BinaryLength

# Fill Trustee object parameters
$Trustee.Name = $user
$Trustee.SID = $SIDArray

# Set AccessMask which can contain following values:
# Takeownership - 524288
# ReadPermissions - 131072
# ChangePermissions - 262144
# ManageDocuments - 983088
# ManagePrinters - 983052
# Print + ReadPermissions - 131080
$ace.AccessMask = 983052

# Set AceType. Can be 0 (Allow), or 1 (Deny), or 2 (System Audit)
$ace.AceType = 0
$ace.AceFlags = 0  

# Write Win32_Trustee object to Win32_Ace Trustee property
$ace.Trustee = $Trustee

# Write Win32_Ace and Win32_Trustee objects to SecurityDescriptor object
$SD.DACL = $ace

# Set SE_DACL_PRESENT control flag
$SD.ControlFlags = 0x0004

# Get printer object. For example 'CutePDF Writer' printer object
$Printer = gwmi win32_printer -filter "name = 'CutePDF Writer'"

# Enable SeSecurityPrivilege privilegies
$Printer.psbase.Scope.Options.EnablePrivileges = $true

# Invoke SetSecurityDescriptor method and write new ACE to specified
# printer ACL.


Requirement Value
Minimum supported client
Windows Vista
Minimum supported server
Windows Server 2008

See also


Privilege Constants

WMI Security Descriptor Objects

Changing Access Security on Securable Objects