Xamarin.Forms ToolbarItem

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The Xamarin.Forms ToolbarItem class is a special type of button that can be added to a Page object's ToolbarItems collection. Each ToolbarItem object will appear as a button in the application's navigation bar. A ToolbarItem instance can have an icon and appear as a primary or secondary menu item. The ToolbarItem class inherits from MenuItem.

The following screenshots show ToolbarItem objects in the navigation bar on iOS and Android:

"ToolbarItem demo screenshot on Android and iOS"

The ToolbarItem class defines the following properties:

  • Order is a ToolbarItemOrder enum value that determines whether the ToolbarItem instance displays in the primary or secondary menu.
  • Priority is an integer value that determines the display order of items in a Page object's ToolbarItems collection.

The ToolbarItem class inherits the following typically-used properties from the MenuItem class:

  • Command is an ICommand that allows binding user actions, such as finger taps or clicks, to commands defined on a viewmodel.
  • CommandParameter is an object that specifies the parameter that should be passed to the Command.
  • IconImageSource is an ImageSource value that determines the display icon on a ToolbarItem object.
  • Text is a string that determines the display text on a ToolbarItem object.

These properties are backed by BindableProperty objects so a ToolbarItem instance can be the target of data bindings.


An alternative to creating a toolbar from ToolbarItem objects is to set the NavigationPage.TitleView attached property to a layout class that contains multiple views. For more information, see Displaying Views in the Navigation Bar.

Create a ToolbarItem

A ToolbarItem object can be instantiated in XAML. The Text and IconImageSource properties can be set to determine how the button is displayed in the navigation bar. The following example shows how to instantiate a ToolbarItem with some common properties set, and add it to a ContentPage's ToolbarItems collection:

    <ToolbarItem Text="Example Item"
                 Priority="0" />

This example will result in a ToolbarItem object that has text, an icon and appears first in the primary navigation bar area. A ToolbarItem can also be created in code and added to the ToolbarItems collection:

ToolbarItem item = new ToolbarItem
    Text = "Example Item",
    IconImageSource = ImageSource.FromFile("example_icon.png"),
    Order = ToolbarItemOrder.Primary,
    Priority = 0

// "this" refers to a Page object

The file represented by the string, provided as the IconImageSource property, must exist in each platform project.


Image assets are handled differently on each platform. An ImageSource can come from sources including a local file or embedded resource, a URI, or a stream. For more information about setting the IconImageSource property and Images in Xamarin.Forms, see Images in Xamarin.Forms.

Define button behavior

The ToolbarItem class inherits the Clicked event from the MenuItem class. An event handler can be attached to the Clicked event to react to taps or clicks on ToolbarItem instances in XAML:

<ToolbarItem ...
             Clicked="OnItemClicked" />

An event handler can also be attached in code:

ToolbarItem item = new ToolbarItem { ... }
item.Clicked += OnItemClicked;

Previous examples referenced an OnItemClicked event handler. The following code shows an example implementation:

void OnItemClicked(object sender, EventArgs e)
    ToolbarItem item = (ToolbarItem)sender;
    messageLabel.Text = $"You clicked the \"{item.Text}\" toolbar item.";

ToolbarItem objects can also use the Command and CommandParameter properties to react to user input without event handlers. For more information about the ICommand interface and MVVM data-binding, see Xamarin.Forms MenuItem MVVM Behavior.

Enable or disable a ToolbarItem at runtime

To enable of disable a ToolbarItem at runtime, bind its Command property to an ICommand implementation, and ensure that a canExecute delegate enables and disables the ICommand as appropriate.

For more information, see Enable or disable a MenuItem at runtime.

Primary and secondary menus

The ToolbarItemOrder enum has Default, Primary, and Secondary values.

When the Order property is set to Primary, the ToolbarItem object will appear in the main navigation bar on all platforms. ToolbarItem objects are prioritized over the page title, which will be truncated to make room for the items. The following screenshots show ToolbarItem objects in the primary menu on iOS and Android:

"ToolbarItem primary menu screenshot Android and iOS"

When the Order property is set to Secondary, behavior varies across platforms. On UWP and Android, the Secondary items menu appears as three dots that can be tapped or clicked to reveal items in a vertical list. On iOS, the Secondary items menu appears below the navigation bar as a horizontal list. The following screenshots show a secondary menu on iOS and Android:

"ToolbarItem secondary menu screenshot Android and iOS"


Icon behavior in ToolbarItem objects that have their Order property set to Secondary is inconsistent across platforms. Avoid setting the IconImageSource property on items that appear in the secondary menu.