Información general sobre la Herramienta de implementación de Office

The Office Deployment Tool (ODT) is a command-line tool that you can use to download and deploy Microsoft 365 Apps to your client computers. The ODT gives you more control over an Office installation: you can define which products and languages are installed, how those products should be updated, and whether or not to display the install experience to your users.

Si no es administrador de una empresa y quiere instalar Office en su hogar o empresa, vea Instalar Office con Office 365.

Descargar la Herramienta de implementación de Office

Descargue la Herramienta de implementación de Office desde el Centro de descarga de Microsoft.

Después de descargar el archivo autoextraíble, ejecútelo para extraer el archivo ejecutable de la Herramienta de implementación de Office (setup.exe) y un archivo de configuración de ejemplo (configuration.xml).

Antes de usar la ODT para descargar o instalar Office, se recomienda asegurarse de tener la última versión.

Sugerencia

Para obtener más información sobre los cambios que se han realizado en la versión más reciente de la ODT, vea el Historial de versiones de la Herramienta de implementación de Office.

Introducción a la Herramienta de implementación de Office

The ODT consists of two files: setup.exe and configuration.xml. To work with the tool, you edit the configuration file to define what options you want, and then run setup.exe from the command line. For example, you can edit the configuration file to install the 64-bit English edition of Office with the EULA automatically accepted. For the full set of options, see Configuration options for the Office Deployment Tool.

Nota

Best practice: This article shows the XML elements and attributes in the configuration file for the Office Deployment Tool. You can continue to create the configuration file in a text editor, but we recommend using the Office Customization Tool instead. With the Office Customization Tool, you can easily create and modify configuration files in a web-based interface. For more information, see Overview of the Office Customization Tool.

Al ejecutar la ODT, especifique la ubicación del archivo de configuración y defina en qué modo se ejecutará la ODT:

  • To download Microsoft 365 Apps products and languages, use download mode. Example: setup.exe /download downloadconfig.xml. When you download Office to a folder that already contains that version of Office, the ODT will conserve your network bandwidth by downloading only the missing files. For example, if you use the ODT to download Office in English and German to a folder that already contains Office in English, only the German language pack will be downloaded.

  • To install the downloaded Microsoft 365 Apps products and languages on a client computer, use configure mode. You also use configure mode to remove and update Office products and languages. Example: setup.exe /configure installconfig.xml

  • To apply new application preferences to client computers that already have Microsoft 365 Apps installed, use customize mode. This mode will apply only application preferences, without changing any other deployment settings. Example: setup.exe /customize preferencesconfig.xml

  • To create an App-V package from the downloaded Microsoft 365 Apps products and languages, use packager mode. Example: setup.exe /packager packageconfig.xml

También puede usar el modo de ayuda para leer la ayuda de la línea de comandos de la herramienta.

Descargar los archivos de instalación de Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365

Siga estos pasos para descargar los archivos de instalación de Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365 desde la Red de entrega de contenido de Office (CDN).

Paso 1: Crear el archivo de configuración

When creating the configuration file, we recommend starting with an example file and updating it with the appropriate options for your environment. You can start by copying and pasting the example below into a text file, saving it with a name of your choosing, and then editing the XML elements and attributes to define the options you want.

En este ejemplo, el archivo de configuración descarga los archivos de instalación de una edición de 32 bits en inglés de Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365 para empresas y la versión de suscripción de la aplicación de escritorio de Visio en la ruta \\server\share de la red:

<Configuration> 
  <Add SourcePath="\\server\share" OfficeClientEdition="32"> 
   <Product ID="O365ProPlusRetail" > 
     <Language ID="en-us" />      
   </Product> 
   <Product ID="VisioProRetail" > 
     <Language ID="en-us" />      
   </Product> 
 </Add> 
</Configuration>

Para obtener más información sobre las opciones de configuración y más ejemplos, consulte Opciones de configuración para la Herramienta de implementación de Office.

Paso 2: Ejecutar el archivo de la ODT en el modo de descarga

From a command prompt, run the ODT executable in download mode and with a reference to the configuration file you saved. In this example, the configuration file is named downloadconfig.xml:

setup.exe /download downloadconfig.xml

Paso 3: Validar que se hayan descargado los archivos

After running the command, go to the download location you defined in the configuration file and look for an Office folder with the appropriate files in it. If you run into problems, make sure you have the newest version of the ODT. You can also troubleshoot issues by reviewing the log file in the %temp% folder.

Descargar los archivos de instalación de las Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365 desde un origen local

You can use the Office Deployment Tool to download the installation files for Microsoft 365 Apps from a local source on your network. By doing so, you can store a central copy of multiple languages and products for Office and distribute just the languages and products that you need to other locations on your network.

To download from a local source, follow the steps for downloading Office with the ODT, but include in your configuration file the download path, which defines where the installation files are downloaded from. For example, this configuration file downloads a 32-bit English edition of Microsoft 365 Apps for enterprise from \\servera\share (the DownloadPath) to \\serverb\share (the SourcePath):

<Configuration> 
  <Add SourcePath="\\serverb\share" OfficeClientEdition="32" Version="16.0.6741.2056" DownloadPath="\\servera\share"> 
    <Product ID="O365ProPlusRetail" > 
      <Language ID="en-us" />      
    </Product> 
  </Add> 
</Configuration>

Al usar DownloadPath, debe especificar una versión.

Instalar Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365

After you download Microsoft 365 Apps installation files, follow these steps to install Office on a client computer. As part of that installation, you can choose which products to install.

Paso 1: Crear el archivo de configuración

When creating the configuration file, we recommend starting with an example file and updating it with the appropriate options for your environment. You can start by copying and pasting the example below into a text file, saving it with a name of your choosing, and then editing the XML elements and attributes to define the options you want.

En este ejemplo, el archivo de configuración instala una edición de 32 bits en inglés de Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365 para empresas sin Publisher:

<Configuration> 
  <Add SourcePath="\\Server\share" OfficeClientEdition="32">
    <Product ID="O365ProPlusRetail" > 
      <Language ID="en-us" />        
      <ExcludeApp ID="Publisher" />
    </Product> 
  </Add> 
  <Display Level="None" AcceptEULA="TRUE" />
</Configuration> 

The location of the Office installation files is \\server\share. The display level is set to None, which means the user will not see any user interface during the install. The AcceptEULA is set to TRUE, which means your users will not have to click to accept the EULA during the installation.

Para obtener más información sobre las opciones de configuración, vea Opciones de configuración de la Herramienta de implementación de Office.

Paso 2: Ejecutar el archivo ejecutable de la ODT en el modo de configuración

From a command prompt, run the ODT executable in configure mode with a reference to the configuration file you saved. In the following example, the configuration file is named installconfig.xml:

setup.exe /configure installconfig.xml

You must have local administrator permissions on the client computer. You can run the executable from the client computer on which you want to install Office or you can put the ODT and the configuration file on a network share and run it from there. If you use a network share, make sure to pass the full network path for both the setup.exe and the configuration file to the command.

Paso 3: Comprobar que la instalación se haya completado correctamente

After running the command, you should see the Office installation start (unless you set display level to none). After installation is complete, the command prompt will display "Products configured successfully." If you run into problems, make sure you have the newest version of the ODT. You can also troubleshoot issues by reviewing the log files in the %temp% folder.

Actualizar Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365

You can use the Office Deployment Tool to make updates to your client computers after installing Microsoft 365 Apps. There are two ways to make the updates:

  • Use the ODT to install Microsoft 365 Apps again, which will update Office to the newest version. Only the files that have changed in the new version will be updated.

  • Use the ODT to download the Office installation files and then point your client computers to that location to receive their updates. (By default, clients are updated directly from the Office Content Delivery Network (CDN).)

To change where your client computers receive their updates, run the ODT in configure mode and specify an update path in the configuration file. For example, to have Microsoft 365 Apps get updates automatically from a network share called \\server\updates, include the following line in your configuration.xml file:

<Updates Enabled="TRUE" UpdatePath="\\server\updates" />

This article does not cover all the issues related to managing updates for Office in your organization. For more information on that scenario, including using Group Policy, see Choose how to manage updates to Microsoft 365 Apps.

Excluir o eliminar aplicaciones de las Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365

When installing Microsoft 365 Apps, you can exclude specific applications. To do so, follow the steps for installing Office with the ODT, but include the ExcludeApp element in your configuration file. For example, this configuration file installs all the Microsoft 365 Apps for enterprise applications except Publisher:

<Add SourcePath="\\Server\share" Version="15.1.2.3" OfficeClientEdition="32">
    <Product ID="O365ProPlusRetail" >
      <Language ID="en-us" />
      <ExcludeApp ID="Publisher" />
    </Product>
</Add>

If you've already installed Microsoft 365 Apps, you can also use the ExcludeApp element to remove an application that you've previously installed. For example, the configuration file above removes Publisher from the previous installation of Office.

You can also remove an entire language version of Microsoft 365 Apps. To do so, follow the steps for excluding products for installing Office with the ODT, but replace the configuration file with one that uses the Remove element. For example, this configuration file removes the Spanish language version of Microsoft 365 Apps for enterprise:

<Configuration> 
 <Remove>
    <Product ID="O365ProPlusRetail" > 
      <Language ID="es-es" />        
    </Product> 
 </Remove>
</Configuration> 

Para obtener más información sobre las opciones para excluir o quitar aplicaciones, consulte Opciones de configuración para la Herramienta de implementación de Office.

Excluir OneDrive al instalar las Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365 u otras aplicaciones

OneDrive is automatically installed when you install Microsoft 365 Apps or install individual applications, such as Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Publisher, Visio, or Skype. If you don't want OneDrive installed with those applications, use the ExcludeApp element to remove it, as shown in the example.

<Add SourcePath="\\Server\share" Version="15.1.2.3" OfficeClientEdition="32">
    <Product ID="O365ProPlusRetail" >
      <Language ID="en-us" />
      <ExcludeApp ID="OneDrive" />
    </Product>
</Add>

Implementar varios idiomas o idiomas que coincidan con los existentes

Para obtener más información sobre la implementación de idiomas, vea Información general sobre la implementación de idiomas de Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365.

Definir las preferencias de la aplicación para las Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365

As part of your deployment, you can define application preferences for Microsoft 365 Apps, including VBA Macro notifications, default file locations, and default file formats. To do so, you deploy Office using the standard steps in Install Microsoft 365 Apps, but you include application preferences as part of your configuration file.

Para crear el archivo de configuración, se recomienda usar la Herramienta de personalización de Office para hacer clic y ejecutar, una aplicación web con una interfaz de usuario completa.

  1. En el explorador web, abra la Herramienta de personalización de Office para hacer clic y ejecutar y siga los pasos para crear un archivo de configuración, incluida la definición de las preferencias de aplicación junto con la configuración de implementación estándar.
  2. Exportar el archivo.
  3. Siga los pasos que se indican en Instalar Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365 para implementar Office con el archivo de configuración que acaba de crear.

En este ejemplo, el archivo de configuración instala la edición de 32 bits en inglés de las Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365 para empresas y muestra la Barra de confianza para todos los macros de VBA en Excel.

<Configuration>
  <Add OfficeClientEdition="32" Channel="Current">
    <Product ID="O365ProPlusRetail">
      <Language ID="en-us" />
    </Product>
  </Add>
  <AppSettings>
    <User Key="software\microsoft\office\16.0\excel\security"
          Name="vbawarnings" 
          Value="3" 
          Type="REG_DWORD" 
          App="excel16" 
          Id="L_VBAWarningsPolicy" />
  </AppSettings>
</Configuration>

This file was created with the Office Customization Tool for Click-to-Run. For more information on the app preferences, we recommend browsing the options in the tool itself.

Nota: Cuando se instala Office, las preferencias de aplicación definidas en el archivo de configuración se aplican a todos los usuarios existentes del dispositivo, así como a los usuarios nuevos que se agreguen al dispositivo en el futuro.

Definir las preferencias de aplicación en una instalación existente de Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365

You can apply new application preferences to client computers that already have Microsoft 365 Apps installed without changing any other deployment setting. To do so, create a configuration file that contains application preferences and then run the ODT in customize mode. Customize mode ignores all other settings in the configuration file except application preferences.

  1. Use los pasos de definir las preferencias de la aplicación para crear el archivo de configuración.
  2. From a command prompt, run the ODT executable in customize mode with a reference to the configuration file you created. In the following example, the configuration file is named installapppreferences.xml:

setup.exe /customize installapppreferences.xml

You must run the executable from the client computer on which you want to apply the app preferences and you must have local administrator permissions on that computer. When using customize mode, the app preferences defined in the configuration file are applied to all existing users of the device and any new users added to the device in the future. If you apply application preferences when Office apps are running, the preferences will be applied when Office is next restarted.

Crear un paquete de App-V para las Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365

In addition to downloading and deploying Microsoft 365 Apps, you can use the Office Deployment Tool to create App-V packages. To do so, update the configuration file and then run the ODT in packager mode. You must create App-V packages on a computer that has a clean install of the operating system.

This article does not cover all the issues related to deploying App-V packages. For more information on that scenario, see Deploying Microsoft Office 2016 by Using App-V.

Paso 1: Crear el archivo de configuración

When creating the configuration file, we recommend starting with an example file and updating it with the appropriate options for your environment. You can start by copying and pasting the example below into a text file, saving it with a name of your choosing, and then editing the XML elements and attributes to define the options you want.

En este ejemplo, el archivo de configuración crea un paquete de App-V desde una edición de 32 bits en inglés de Aplicaciones de Microsoft 365 para empresas sin Publisher:

<Configuration> 
 <Add SourcePath="\\Server\share" OfficeClientEdition="32">
    <Product ID="O365ProPlusRetail" > 
      <Language ID="en-us" />        
      <ExcludeApp ID="Publisher" />
    </Product> 
 </Add> 
</Configuration> 

The location of the Office installation files is \\server\share. For your configuration file, substitute the example values with the appropriate option for your environment. For more information about the options, see Configuration options for the Office Deployment Tool,

Paso 2: Ejecutar el archivo de la ODT en el modo de empaquetador

From a command prompt, run the ODT executable in packager mode with a reference to the configuration file you saved and to the location where you want to save the App-V package. In the following example, the configuration file is named packageconfig.xml and the App-V package will be saved to \\server\share\appv\:

setup.exe /packager packageconfig.xml \\server\share\appv\

Paso 3: Comprobar que el paquete se creó correctamente

After running the command, the package location should have an App-V Packages folder and a WorkingDir folder. You can troubleshoot issues by reviewing the log file in the %temp% folder.