DataReference Clase

Definición

Representa el elemento <DataReference> utilizado en el cifrado XML. Esta clase no puede heredarse.

public ref class DataReference sealed : System::Security::Cryptography::Xml::EncryptedReference
public sealed class DataReference : System.Security.Cryptography.Xml.EncryptedReference
type DataReference = class
    inherit EncryptedReference
Public NotInheritable Class DataReference
Inherits EncryptedReference
Herencia
DataReference

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se muestra cómo usar la DataReference clase para cifrar y descifrar varios elementos XML mediante claves de sesión diferentes.


using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        // Create an XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        try
        {
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }

        // Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        // which will then be imbedded in the XML document.
        RSA rsaKey = RSA.Create();

        try
        {
            // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", "EncryptedElement1", rsaKey, "rsaKey");

            // Encrypt the "creditcard2" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard2", "EncryptedElement2", rsaKey, "rsaKey");

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);

            // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey");

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear();
        }

        Console.ReadLine();
    }

    public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, string EncryptionElementID, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
        if (EncryptionElementID == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("EncryptionElementID");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");
        if (KeyName == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("KeyName");

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

        // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        if (elementToEncrypt == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");
        }

        //////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class
        // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the
        // a new random symmetric key.
        //////////////////////////////////////////////////

        // Create a 256 bit Aes key.
        Aes sessionKey = Aes.Create();
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256;

        EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

        byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, false);

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        // it with the desired encryption information.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;
        edElement.Id = EncryptionElementID;

        // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the
        // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url);

        // Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        EncryptedKey ek = new EncryptedKey();

        byte[] encryptedKey = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, false);

        ek.CipherData = new CipherData(encryptedKey);

        ek.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url);

        // Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        // name of the RSA key.

        // Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = new KeyInfo();

        // Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        KeyInfoName kin = new KeyInfoName();

        // Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName;

        // Add the KeyInfoName element to the
        // EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin);

        // Create a new DataReference element
        // for the KeyInfo element.  This optional
        // element specifies which EncryptedData
        // uses this key.  An XML document can have
        // multiple EncryptedData elements that use
        // different keys.
        DataReference dRef = new DataReference();

        // Specify the EncryptedData URI.
        dRef.Uri = "#" + EncryptionElementID;

        // Add the DataReference to the EncryptedKey.
        ek.AddReference(dRef);

        // Add the encrypted key to the
        // EncryptedData object.

        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(new KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek));

        // Add the encrypted element data to the
        // EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        // object with the EncryptedData element.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);
    }

    public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");
        if (KeyName == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("KeyName");

        // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml(Doc);

        // Add a key-name mapping.
        // This method can only decrypt documents
        // that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg);

        // Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument();
    }
}

// To run this sample, place the following XML
// in a file called test.xml.  Put test.xml
// in the same directory as your compiled program.
//
//     <creditcard xmlns="myNamespace" Id="tag1">
//         <number>19834209</number>
//         <expiry>02/02/2002</expiry>
//     <creditcard2 xmlns="myNamespace" Id="tag2">
//         <number>19834208</number>
//         <expiry>02/02/2002</expiry>
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml


Module Program

    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        ' Create an XmlDocument object.
        Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        Try
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try

        ' Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        ' which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
        Dim rsaKey As RSA = RSA.Create()


        Try
            ' Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", "EncryptedElement1", rsaKey, "rsaKey")

            ' Encrypt the "creditcard2" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard2", "EncryptedElement2", rsaKey, "rsaKey")

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)

            ' Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey")

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        Finally
            ' Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear()
        End Try

        Console.ReadLine()

    End Sub

End Module 'Program


Module XMLEncryptionSubs

    Sub Encrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal ElementToEncryptName As String, ByVal EncryptionElementID As String, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If ElementToEncryptName Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt")
        End If
        If EncryptionElementID Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("EncryptionElementID")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        If KeyName Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("KeyName")
        End If
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        ' object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim elementToEncrypt As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncryptName)(0)


        ' Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        If elementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The specified element was not found")
        End If

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        ' and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        ' a new random symmetric key.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        ' Create a 256 bit Aes key.
        Dim sessionKey As Aes = Aes.Create()
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256

        Dim eXml As New EncryptedXml()

        Dim encryptedElement As Byte() = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, False)

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        ' it with the desired encryption information.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl
        edElement.Id = EncryptionElementID

        ' Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        ' receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        edElement.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url)

        ' Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        Dim ek As New EncryptedKey()

        Dim encryptedKey As Byte() = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, False)

        ek.CipherData = New CipherData(encryptedKey)

        ek.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url)

        ' Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        ' name of the RSA key.
        ' Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = New KeyInfo()

        ' Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        Dim kin As New KeyInfoName()

        ' Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName

        ' Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
        ' EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin)

        ' Create a new DataReference element
        ' for the KeyInfo element.  This optional
        ' element specifies which EncryptedData 
        ' uses this key.  An XML document can have
        ' multiple EncryptedData elements that use
        ' different keys.
        Dim dRef As New DataReference()

        ' Specify the EncryptedData URI. 
        dRef.Uri = "#" + EncryptionElementID

        ' Add the DataReference to the EncryptedKey.
        ek.AddReference(dRef)

        ' Add the encrypted key to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(New KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek))

        ' Add the encrypted element data to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        ' object with the EncryptedData element.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, False)

    End Sub


    Sub Decrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        If KeyName Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("KeyName")
        End If
        ' Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        Dim exml As New EncryptedXml(Doc)

        ' Add a key-name mapping.
        ' This method can only decrypt documents
        ' that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg)

        ' Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument()

    End Sub
End Module 'XMLEncryptionSubs


' To run this sample, place the following XML
' in a file called test.xml.  Put test.xml
' in the same directory as your compiled program.
' 
'     <creditcard xmlns="myNamespace" Id="tag1">
'         <number>19834209</number>
'         <expiry>02/02/2002</expiry>
'     <creditcard2 xmlns="myNamespace" Id="tag2">
'         <number>19834208</number>
'         <expiry>02/02/2002</expiry>

Comentarios

La DataReference clase representa el <DataReference> elemento que contiene la ubicación de los datos cifrados utilizados con el cifrado XML.

<DataReference> Los elementos se usan para hacer referencia a <EncryptedData> elementos cifrados mediante la clave definida en el elemento envolvente <EncryptedKey> . Se pueden producir varios <DataReference> elementos si existen varios <EncryptedData> elementos cifrados con la misma clave.

Para obtener más información sobre los estándares de cifrado XML, vea Sintaxis de cifrado XML y Versión de procesamiento.

Constructores

DataReference()

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase DataReference.

DataReference(String)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase DataReference con el identificador uniforme de recursos (URI) especificado.

DataReference(String, TransformChain)

Inicializa una instancia nueva de la clase DataReference con el identificador de recursos uniforme (URI) especificado y un objeto TransformChain.

Propiedades

CacheValid

Obtiene un valor que indica si la caché es válida.

(Heredado de EncryptedReference)
ReferenceType

Obtiene o establece un tipo de referencia.

(Heredado de EncryptedReference)
TransformChain

Obtiene o establece la cadena de transformación de un objeto EncryptedReference.

(Heredado de EncryptedReference)
Uri

Obtiene o establece el identificador uniforme de recursos (URI) de un objeto EncryptedReference.

(Heredado de EncryptedReference)

Métodos

AddTransform(Transform)

Agrega un objeto Transform a la cadena de transformación actual de un objeto EncryptedReference.

(Heredado de EncryptedReference)
Equals(Object)

Determina si el objeto especificado es igual que el objeto actual.

(Heredado de Object)
GetHashCode()

Sirve como la función hash predeterminada.

(Heredado de Object)
GetType()

Obtiene el Type de la instancia actual.

(Heredado de Object)
GetXml()

Devuelve la representación XML de un objeto EncryptedReference.

(Heredado de EncryptedReference)
LoadXml(XmlElement)

Carga un elemento XML en un objeto EncryptedReference.

(Heredado de EncryptedReference)
MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficial del Object actual.

(Heredado de Object)
ToString()

Devuelve una cadena que representa el objeto actual.

(Heredado de Object)

Se aplica a