EncryptedType.Type Propiedad

Definición

Obtiene o establece el atributo Type de una instancia de EncryptedType en cifrado XML.

public:
 virtual property System::String ^ Type { System::String ^ get(); void set(System::String ^ value); };
public virtual string Type { get; set; }
public virtual string? Type { get; set; }
member this.Type : string with get, set
Public Overridable Property Type As String

Valor de propiedad

Una cadena que describe la forma de texto de los datos cifrados.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se muestra cómo cifrar y descifrar un elemento XML mediante la EncryptedData clase que deriva de la EncryptedType clase .

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        // Create an XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        try
        {
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }

        // Create a new TripleDES key.
        TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tDESkey = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();

        try
        {
            // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", tDESkey);

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);

            // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, tDESkey);

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the TripleDES key.
            tDESkey.Clear();
        }
    }

    public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider Alg)
    {

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

        // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        if (elementToEncrypt == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");
        }

        //////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class
        // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the
        // symmetric key.
        //////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

        byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, Alg, false);

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        // it with the desired encryption information.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();

        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

        // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the
        // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        // Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
        // supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncTripleDESUrl);

        // Add the encrypted element data to the
        // EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        // object with the EncryptedData element.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);
    }

    public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, SymmetricAlgorithm Alg)
    {

        // Find the EncryptedData element in the XmlDocument.
        XmlElement encryptedElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedData")[0] as XmlElement;

        // If the EncryptedData element was not found, throw an exception.
        if (encryptedElement == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The EncryptedData element was not found.");
        }

        // Create an EncryptedData object and populate it.
        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.LoadXml(encryptedElement);

        // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml();

        // Decrypt the element using the symmetric key.
        byte[] rgbOutput = exml.DecryptData(edElement, Alg);

        // Replace the encryptedData element with the plaintext XML element.
        exml.ReplaceData(encryptedElement, rgbOutput);
    }
}
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml



Module Program

    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        ' Create an XmlDocument object.
        Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        Try
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try

        ' Create a new TripleDES key. 
        Dim tDESkey As New TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider()


        Try
            ' Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", tDESkey)

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)

            ' Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, tDESkey)

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        Finally
            ' Clear the TripleDES key.
            tDESkey.Clear()
        End Try

    End Sub


    Sub Encrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal ElementToEncryptString As String, ByVal Alg As TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider)

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        ' object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim elementToEncrypt As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncryptString)(0)


        ' Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        If elementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The specified element was not found")
        End If

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        ' and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        ' symmetric key.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim eXml As New EncryptedXml()

        Dim encryptedElement As Byte() = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, Alg, False)

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        ' it with the desired encryption information.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()

        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl


        ' Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        ' receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        ' Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
        ' supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.
        edElement.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncTripleDESUrl)

        ' Add the encrypted element data to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        ' object with the EncryptedData element.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, False)

    End Sub


    Sub Decrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal Alg As SymmetricAlgorithm)

        ' Find the EncryptedData element in the XmlDocument.
        Dim encryptedElement As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedData")(0) 
   

        ' If the EncryptedData element was not found, throw an exception.
        If encryptedElement Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The EncryptedData element was not found.")
        End If

        ' Create an EncryptedData object and populate it.
        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.LoadXml(encryptedElement)

        ' Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        Dim exml As New EncryptedXml()

        ' Decrypt the element using the symmetric key.
        Dim rgbOutput As Byte() = exml.DecryptData(edElement, Alg)

        ' Replace the encryptedData element with the plaintext XML element.
        exml.ReplaceData(encryptedElement, rgbOutput)

    End Sub
End Module

Comentarios

El Type atributo es un atributo opcional que identifica información de tipo sobre el formato de texto del contenido cifrado. Aunque es opcional, se trata de un atributo importante y se usa en el procesamiento obligatorio descrito en Reglas de procesamiento: Descifrado (sección 4.2) de la especificación de procesamiento y sintaxis de cifrado XML (https://www.w3.org/TR/xmlenc-core/). Si el <EncryptedData> elemento contiene datos de tipo 'element' o elemento 'content', y reemplaza esos datos en un documento XML, se recomienda encarecidamente que se proporcione el Type atributo . Sin esta información, la aplicación que intenta descifrar la información no podrá restaurar automáticamente el documento XML en su formulario de texto original.

Se aplica a