Exploit Protection の軽減策のトラブルシューティング

適用対象:

Defender for Endpoint を試す場合は、 無料試用版にサインアップしてください。

一連のエクスプロイト保護の軽減策 (構成と呼ばれます) を作成すると、構成のエクスポートとインポートのプロセスによって不要な軽減策がすべて削除されない場合があります。

Windows セキュリティで不要な軽減策を手動で削除することも、次のプロセスを使用して、すべての軽減策を削除し、代わりにベースライン構成ファイルをインポートすることもできます。

  1. 次の PowerShell スクリプトを使用して、すべてのプロセス軽減策を削除します。

    # Check if Admin-Privileges are available
    function Test-IsAdmin {
        ([Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal] [Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent()).IsInRole([Security.Principal.WindowsBuiltInRole] "Administrator")
    }
    
    # Delete ExploitGuard ProcessMitigations for a given key in the registry. If no other settings exist under the specified key,
    # the key is deleted as well
    function Remove-ProcessMitigations([Object] $Key, [string] $Name) {
        Try {
            if ($Key.GetValue("MitigationOptions")) {
                Write-Host "Removing MitigationOptions for:      " $Name
                Remove-ItemProperty -Path $Key.PSPath -Name "MitigationOptions" -ErrorAction Stop;
            }
            if ($Key.GetValue("MitigationAuditOptions")) {
                Write-Host "Removing MitigationAuditOptions for: " $Name
                Remove-ItemProperty -Path $Key.PSPath -Name "MitigationAuditOptions" -ErrorAction Stop;
            }
            if ($Key.GetValue("EAFModules")) {
                Write-Host "Removing EAFModules for: " $Name
                Remove-ItemProperty -Path $Key.PSPath -Name "EAFModules" -ErrorAction Stop;
            }
    
            # Remove the FilterFullPath value if there is nothing else
            if (($Key.SubKeyCount -eq 0) -and ($Key.ValueCount -eq 1) -and ($Key.GetValue("FilterFullPath"))) {
                Remove-ItemProperty -Path $Key.PSPath -Name "FilterFullPath" -ErrorAction Stop;
            }
    
            # If the key is empty now, delete it
            if (($Key.SubKeyCount -eq 0) -and ($Key.ValueCount -eq 0)) {
                Write-Host "Removing empty Entry:                " $Name
                Remove-Item -Path $Key.PSPath -ErrorAction Stop
            }
        }
        Catch {
            Write-Host "ERROR:" $_.Exception.Message "- at ($MitigationItemName)"
        }
    }
    
    # Delete all ExploitGuard ProcessMitigations
    function Remove-All-ProcessMitigations {
        if (!(Test-IsAdmin)) {
            throw "ERROR: No Administrator-Privileges detected!"; return
        }
    
        Get-ChildItem -Path "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options" | ForEach-Object {
            $MitigationItem = $_;
            $MitigationItemName = $MitigationItem.PSChildName
    
            Try {
                Remove-ProcessMitigations $MitigationItem $MitigationItemName
    
                # "UseFilter" indicate full path filters may be present
                if ($MitigationItem.GetValue("UseFilter")) {
                    Get-ChildItem -Path $MitigationItem.PSPath | ForEach-Object {
                        $FullPathItem = $_
                        if ($FullPathItem.GetValue("FilterFullPath")) {
                            $Name = $MitigationItemName + "-" + $FullPathItem.GetValue("FilterFullPath")
                            Write-Host "Removing FullPathEntry:              " $Name
                            Remove-ProcessMitigations $FullPathItem $Name
                        }
    
                        # If there are no subkeys now, we can delete the "UseFilter" value
                        if ($MitigationItem.SubKeyCount -eq 0) {
                            Remove-ItemProperty -Path $MitigationItem.PSPath -Name "UseFilter" -ErrorAction Stop
                        }
                    }
                }
                if (($MitigationItem.SubKeyCount -eq 0) -and ($MitigationItem.ValueCount -eq 0)) {
                    Write-Host "Removing empty Entry:                " $MitigationItemName
                    Remove-Item -Path $MitigationItem.PSPath -ErrorAction Stop
                }
            }
            Catch {
                Write-Host "ERROR:" $_.Exception.Message "- at ($MitigationItemName)"
            }
        }
    }
    
    # Delete all ExploitGuard System-wide Mitigations
    function Remove-All-SystemMitigations {
    
        if (!(Test-IsAdmin)) {
            throw "ERROR: No Administrator-Privileges detected!"; return
        }
    
        $Kernel = Get-Item -Path "HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\kernel"
    
        Try {
            if ($Kernel.GetValue("MitigationOptions"))
                { Write-Host "Removing System MitigationOptions"
                    Remove-ItemProperty -Path $Kernel.PSPath -Name "MitigationOptions" -ErrorAction Stop;
                }
            if ($Kernel.GetValue("MitigationAuditOptions"))
                { Write-Host "Removing System MitigationAuditOptions"
                    Remove-ItemProperty -Path $Kernel.PSPath -Name "MitigationAuditOptions" -ErrorAction Stop;
                }
        } Catch {
            Write-Host "ERROR:" $_.Exception.Message "- System"
        }
    }
    
    Remove-All-ProcessMitigations
    Remove-All-SystemMitigations
    
  2. Exploit Protection 構成のインポート、エクスポート、および展開の説明に従って、次の既定の軽減策を含む XML 構成ファイルを作成してインポートします。

     <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
     <root>
        <SystemConfig/>
        <AppConfig Executable="ExtExport.exe">
           <ASLR OverrideForceRelocateImages="false" ForceRelocateImages="false" Enable="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
        <AppConfig Executable="ie4uinit.exe">
          <ASLR OverrideForceRelocateImages="false" ForceRelocateImages="false" Enable="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
        <AppConfig Executable="ieinstal.exe">
       <ASLR OverrideForceRelocateImages="false" ForceRelocateImages="false" Enable="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
        <AppConfig Executable="ielowutil.exe">
          <ASLR OverrideForceRelocateImages="false" ForceRelocateImages="false" Enable="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
       <AppConfig Executable="ieUnatt.exe">
          <ASLR OverrideForceRelocateImages="false" ForceRelocateImages="false" Enable="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
       <AppConfig Executable="iexplore.exe">
          <ASLR OverrideForceRelocateImages="false" ForceRelocateImages="false" Enable="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
       <AppConfig Executable="mscorsvw.exe">
           <ExtensionPoints OverrideExtensionPoint="false" DisableExtensionPoints="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
        <AppConfig Executable="msfeedssync.exe">
           <ASLR OverrideForceRelocateImages="false" ForceRelocateImages="false" Enable="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
        <AppConfig Executable="mshta.exe">
           <ASLR OverrideForceRelocateImages="false" ForceRelocateImages="false" Enable="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
        <AppConfig Executable="ngen.exe">
           <ExtensionPoints OverrideExtensionPoint="false" DisableExtensionPoints="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
        <AppConfig Executable="ngentask.exe">
           <ExtensionPoints OverrideExtensionPoint="false" DisableExtensionPoints="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
        <AppConfig Executable="PresentationHost.exe">
           <DEP Enable="true" OverrideDEP="false" EmulateAtlThunks="false"/>
           <ASLR OverrideForceRelocateImages="false" ForceRelocateImages="false" Enable="true" OverrideBottomUp="false" HighEntropy="true" BottomUp="true"/>
           <SEHOP Enable="true" OverrideSEHOP="false" TelemetryOnly="false"/>
           <Heap OverrideHeap="false" TerminateOnError="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
        <AppConfig Executable="PrintDialog.exe">
           <ExtensionPoints OverrideExtensionPoint="false" DisableExtensionPoints="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
        <AppConfig Executable="PrintIsolationHost.exe"/>
        <AppConfig Executable="runtimebroker.exe">
           <ExtensionPoints OverrideExtensionPoint="false" DisableExtensionPoints="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
            <AppConfig Executable="splwow64.exe"/>
        <AppConfig Executable="spoolsv.exe"/>
        <AppConfig Executable="svchost.exe"/>
        <AppConfig Executable="SystemSettings.exe">
           <ExtensionPoints OverrideExtensionPoint="false" DisableExtensionPoints="true"/>
        </AppConfig>
    </root>
    

まだ行っていない場合は、Windows セキュリティ ベースラインをダウンロードして使用し、Exploit Protection のカスタマイズを完了することをお勧めします。