LINQ to SQL에서 코드 생성

개체 관계형 디자이너 또는 SQLMetal 명령줄 도구를 사용하여 데이터베이스를 나타내는 코드를 생성할 수 있습니다. 두 경우 모두 다음과 같은 세 단계로 코드가 생성됩니다.

  1. DBML 추출기가 데이터베이스에서 스키마 정보를 추출한 다음 XML 형식의 DBML 파일에 다시 어셈블합니다.

  2. DBML 유효성 검사기가 DBML 파일을 검사하여 오류가 있는지 확인합니다.

  3. 유효성 검사 오류가 없으면 파일이 코드 생성기에 전달됩니다.

자세한 내용은 SqlMetal.exe(코드 생성 도구)를 참조하세요. Visual Studio를 사용하는 개발자는 개체 관계형 디자이너를 사용하여 코드를 생성할 수도 있습니다. Visual Studio의 LINQ to SQL 도구를 참조하세요.

DBML 추출기

DBML 추출기는 데이터베이스 메타데이터를 입력으로 사용하고 DBML 파일을 출력으로 생성하는 LINQ to SQL 구성 요소입니다.

코드 생성기

코드 생성기는 DBML 파일을 Visual Basic, C# 또는 XML 매핑 파일로 변환하는 LINQ to SQL 구성 요소입니다.

XML 스키마 정의 파일

DBML 파일은 다음 XSD 스키마 정의 파일에 대해 유효해야 합니다.

이 스키마 정의 파일은 외부 매핑 파일의 유효성을 검사하는 데 사용하는 스키마 정의 파일과 다릅니다. 자세한 내용은 외부 매핑을 참조하세요.

참고

Visual Studio 사용자는 XML 스키마 대화 상자에서 "DbmlSchema.xsd"로 이 XSD 파일을 찾을 수도 있습니다. DBML 파일의 유효성을 검사하기 위해 XSD 파일을 올바르게 사용하려면 방법: DBML 및 외부 매핑 파일 유효성 검사를 참조하세요.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-16"?>  
<xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" targetNamespace="http://schemas.microsoft.com/linqtosql/dbml/2007" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/linqtosql/dbml/2007"  
elementFormDefault="qualified" >  
  <xs:element name="Database" type="Database" />  
  <xs:complexType name="Database">  
    <xs:sequence>  
      <xs:element name="Connection" type="Connection" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />  
      <xs:element name="Table" type="Table" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />  
      <xs:element name="Function" type="Function" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />  
    </xs:sequence>  
    <xs:attribute name="Name" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="EntityNamespace" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="ContextNamespace" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Class" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="AccessModifier" type="AccessModifier" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Modifier" type="ClassModifier" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="BaseType" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Provider" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="ExternalMapping" type="xs:boolean" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Serialization" type="SerializationMode" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="EntityBase" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
  </xs:complexType>  
  <xs:complexType name="Table">  
    <xs:all>  
      <xs:element name="Type" type="Type" minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1" />  
      <xs:element name="InsertFunction" type="TableFunction" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />  
      <xs:element name="UpdateFunction" type="TableFunction" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />  
      <xs:element name="DeleteFunction" type="TableFunction" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />  
    </xs:all>  
    <xs:attribute name="Name" type="xs:string" use="required" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Member" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="AccessModifier" type="AccessModifier" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Modifier" type="MemberModifier" use="optional" />  
  </xs:complexType>  
  <xs:complexType name="Type">  
    <xs:sequence>  
      <xs:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">  
        <xs:element name="Column" type="Column" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />  
        <xs:element name="Association" type="Association" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />  
      </xs:choice>  
      <xs:element name="Type" type="Type" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />  
    </xs:sequence>  
    <xs:attribute name="IdRef" type="xs:IDREF" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Id" type="xs:ID" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Name" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="InheritanceCode" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="IsInheritanceDefault" type="xs:boolean" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="AccessModifier" type="AccessModifier" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Modifier" type="ClassModifier" use="optional" />  
  </xs:complexType>  
  <xs:complexType name="Column">  
    <xs:attribute name="Name" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Member" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Storage" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="AccessModifier" type="AccessModifier" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Modifier" type="MemberModifier" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Type" type="xs:string" use="required" />  
    <xs:attribute name="DbType" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="IsReadOnly" type="xs:boolean" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="IsPrimaryKey" type="xs:boolean" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="IsDbGenerated" type="xs:boolean" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="CanBeNull" type="xs:boolean" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="UpdateCheck" type="UpdateCheck" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="IsDiscriminator" type="xs:boolean" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Expression" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="IsVersion" type="xs:boolean" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="IsDelayLoaded" type="xs:boolean" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="AutoSync" type="AutoSync" use="optional" />  
  </xs:complexType>  
  <xs:complexType name="Association">  
    <xs:attribute name="Name" type="xs:string" use="required" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Member" type="xs:string" use="required" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Storage" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="AccessModifier" type="AccessModifier" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Modifier" type="MemberModifier" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Type" type="xs:string" use="required" />  
    <xs:attribute name="ThisKey" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="OtherKey" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="IsForeignKey" type="xs:boolean" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Cardinality" type="Cardinality" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="DeleteRule" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="DeleteOnNull" type="xs:boolean" use="optional" />  
  </xs:complexType>  
  <xs:complexType name="Function">  
    <xs:sequence>  
      <xs:element name="Parameter" type="Parameter" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />  
      <xs:choice>  
        <xs:element name="ElementType" type="Type" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />  
        <xs:element name="Return" type="Return" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />  
      </xs:choice>  
    </xs:sequence>  
    <xs:attribute name="Name" type="xs:string" use="required" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Id" type="xs:ID" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Method" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="AccessModifier" type="AccessModifier" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Modifier" type="MemberModifier" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="HasMultipleResults" type="xs:boolean" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="IsComposable" type="xs:boolean" use="optional" />  
  </xs:complexType>  
  <xs:complexType name="TableFunction">  
    <xs:sequence>  
      <xs:element name="Argument" type="TableFunctionParameter" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />  
      <xs:element name="Return" type="TableFunctionReturn" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />  
    </xs:sequence>  
    <xs:attribute name="FunctionId" type="xs:IDREF" use="required" />  
    <xs:attribute name="AccessModifier" type="AccessModifier" use="optional" />  
  </xs:complexType>  
  <xs:complexType name="Parameter">  
    <xs:attribute name="Name" type="xs:string" use="required" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Parameter" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Type" type="xs:string" use="required" />  
    <xs:attribute name="DbType" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Direction" type="ParameterDirection" use="optional" />  
  </xs:complexType>  
  <xs:complexType name="Return">  
    <xs:attribute name="Type" type="xs:string" use="required" />  
    <xs:attribute name="DbType" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
  </xs:complexType>  
  <xs:complexType name="TableFunctionParameter">  
    <xs:attribute name="Parameter" type="xs:string" use="required" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Member" type="xs:string" use="required" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Version" type="Version" use="optional" />  
  </xs:complexType>  
  <xs:complexType name="TableFunctionReturn">  
    <xs:attribute name="Member" type="xs:string" use="required" />  
  </xs:complexType>  
  <xs:complexType name="Connection">  
    <xs:attribute name="Provider" type="xs:string" use="required" />  
    <xs:attribute name="Mode" type="ConnectionMode" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="ConnectionString" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="SettingsObjectName" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
    <xs:attribute name="SettingsPropertyName" type="xs:string" use="optional" />  
  </xs:complexType>  
  <xs:simpleType name="ConnectionMode">  
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">  
      <xs:enumeration value="ConnectionString" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="AppSettings" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="WebSettings" />  
    </xs:restriction>  
  </xs:simpleType>  
  <xs:simpleType name="AccessModifier">  
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">  
      <xs:enumeration value="Public" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="Internal" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="Protected" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="ProtectedInternal" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="Private" />  
    </xs:restriction>  
  </xs:simpleType>  
  <xs:simpleType name="UpdateCheck">  
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">  
      <xs:enumeration value="Always" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="Never" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="WhenChanged" />  
    </xs:restriction>  
  </xs:simpleType>  
  <xs:simpleType name="SerializationMode">  
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">  
      <xs:enumeration value="None" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="Unidirectional" />  
    </xs:restriction>  
  </xs:simpleType>  
  <xs:simpleType name="ParameterDirection">  
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">  
      <xs:enumeration value="In" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="Out" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="InOut" />  
    </xs:restriction>  
  </xs:simpleType>  
  <xs:simpleType name="Version">  
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">  
      <xs:enumeration value="Current" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="Original" />  
    </xs:restriction>  
  </xs:simpleType>  
  <xs:simpleType name="AutoSync">  
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">  
      <xs:enumeration value="Never" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="OnInsert" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="OnUpdate" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="Always" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="Default" />  
    </xs:restriction>  
  </xs:simpleType>  
  <xs:simpleType name="ClassModifier">  
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">  
      <xs:enumeration value="Sealed" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="Abstract" />  
    </xs:restriction>  
  </xs:simpleType>  
  <xs:simpleType name="MemberModifier">  
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">  
      <xs:enumeration value="Virtual" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="Override" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="New" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="NewVirtual" />  
    </xs:restriction>  
  </xs:simpleType>  
  <xs:simpleType name="Cardinality">  
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">  
      <xs:enumeration value="One" />  
      <xs:enumeration value="Many" />  
    </xs:restriction>  
  </xs:simpleType>  
</xs:schema>  

샘플 DBML 파일

다음 코드에서는 Northwind 샘플 데이터베이스에서 만든 DBML 파일의 일부를 보여 줍니다. /xml 옵션과 함께 SQLMetal을 사용하여 전체 파일을 생성할 수 있습니다. 자세한 내용은 SqlMetal.exe(코드 생성 도구)를 참조하세요.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-16"?>  
<Database Name="northwnd" Class="Northwnd" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/dsltools/DLinqML">  
  
  <Table Name="Customers">  
    <Type Name="Customer">  
      <Column Name="CustomerID" Type="System.String" DbType="NChar(5) NOT NULL" IsPrimaryKey="True" CanBeNull="False" />  
      <Column Name="CompanyName" Type="System.String" DbType="NVarChar(40) NOT NULL" CanBeNull="False" />  
      <Column Name="ContactName" Type="System.String" DbType="NVarChar(30)" CanBeNull="True" />  
      <Column Name="ContactTitle" Type="System.String" DbType="NVarChar(30)" CanBeNull="True" />  
      <Column Name="Address" Type="System.String" DbType="NVarChar(60)" CanBeNull="True" />  
      <Column Name="City" Type="System.String" DbType="NVarChar(15)" CanBeNull="True" />  
      <Column Name="Region" Type="System.String" DbType="NVarChar(15)" CanBeNull="True" />  
      <Column Name="PostalCode" Type="System.String" DbType="NVarChar(10)" CanBeNull="True" />  
      <Column Name="Country" Type="System.String" DbType="NVarChar(15)" CanBeNull="True" />  
      <Column Name="Phone" Type="System.String" DbType="NVarChar(24)" CanBeNull="True" />  
      <Column Name="Fax" Type="System.String" DbType="NVarChar(24)" CanBeNull="True" />  
      <Association Name="FK_CustomerCustomerDemo_Customers" Member="CustomerCustomerDemos" ThisKey="CustomerID" OtherKey="CustomerID" OtherTable="CustomerCustomerDemo" DeleteRule="NO ACTION" />  
      <Association Name="FK_Orders_Customers" Member="Orders" ThisKey="CustomerID" OtherKey="CustomerID" OtherTable="Orders" DeleteRule="NO ACTION" />  
    </Type>  
  </Table>  
</Database>  

참고 항목