Prerequisites to access the Azure Active Directory reporting API
The Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) reporting APIs provide you with programmatic access to the data through a set of REST APIs. You can call these APIs from many programming languages and tools. The reporting API uses OAuth to authorize access to the web APIs.
This article describes how to enable Microsoft Graph to access the Azure AD reporting APIs in the Azure portal and through PowerShell
Roles and license requirements
To get access to the reporting data through the API, you need to have one of the following roles:
- Security Reader
- Security Administrator
- Global Administrator
In order to access the sign-in reports for a tenant, an Azure AD tenant must have associated Azure AD Premium P1 or P2 license. Alternatively if the directory type is Azure AD B2C, the sign-in reports are accessible through the API without any additional license requirement.
Registration is needed even if you're accessing the reporting API using a script. The registration gives you an Application ID, which is required for the authorization calls and enables your code to receive tokens. To configure your directory to access the Azure AD reporting API, you must sign in to the Azure portal in one of the required roles.
Applications running under credentials with administrator privileges can be very powerful, so be sure to keep the application's ID and secret credentials in a secure location.
Enable the Microsoft Graph API through the Azure portal
To enable your application to access Microsoft Graph without user intervention, you'll need to register your application with Azure AD, then grant permissions to the Microsoft Graph API. This article covers the steps to follow in the Azure portal.
Register an Azure AD application
In the Azure portal, go to Azure Active Directory > App registrations.
Select New registration.
On the Registration an Application page:
- Give the application a Name such as
Reporting API application.
- For Supported accounts type, select Accounts in this organizational directory only.
- In the Redirect URI section, select Web from the list and type
- Select Register.
- Give the application a Name such as
To access the Azure AD reporting API, you must grant your app Read directory data and Read all audit log data permissions for the Microsoft Graph API.
Azure Active Directory > App Registrations> API permissions and select Add a permission.
Select Microsoft Graph > Application permissions.
Add Directory.Read.All, AuditLog.Read.All and Policy.Read.ConditionalAccess then select the Add permissions button.
- If you need more permissions to run the queries you need, you can add them now or modify the permissions as needed in Microsoft Graph.
- For more information, see Work with Graph Explorer.
On the Reporting API Application - API Permissions page, select Grant admin consent for Default Directory.
Access reports using Microsoft Graph Explorer
Once you have the app registration configured, you can run activity log queries in Microsoft Graph.
Sign in to https://graph.microsoft.com using the Security Reader role. You may need to confirm that you're signed into the appropriate role. Select your profile icon in the upper-right corner of Microsoft Graph.
Use one of the following queries to start using Microsoft Graph for accessing activity logs:
- For more information on Microsoft Graph queries for activity logs, see Activity reports API overview
Access reports using Microsoft Graph PowerShell
To use PowerShell to access the Azure AD reporting API, you'll need to gather a few configuration settings. These settings were created as a part of the app registration process.
- Tenant ID
- Client app ID
- Client secret or certificate
You need these values when configuring calls to the reporting API. We recommend using a certificate because it's more secure.
- Go to Azure Active Directory > App Registrations.
- Copy the Directory (tenant) ID.
- Copy the Application (client) ID.
- Go to App Registration > Select your application > Certificates & secrets > Certificates > Upload certificate and upload your certificate's public key file.
- If you don't have a certificate to upload, follow the steps outlined in the Create a self-signed certificate to authenticate your application article.
Next you'll authenticate with the configuration settings you just gathered. Open PowerShell and run the following command, replacing the placeholders with your information.
Connect-MgGraph -ClientID YOUR_APP_ID -TenantId YOUR_TENANT_ID -CertificateName YOUR_CERT_SUBJECT ## Or -CertificateThumbprint instead of -CertificateName
Microsoft Graph PowerShell cmdlets:
- Audit logs:
- Sign-in logs:
- Provisioning logs:
- Explore the full list of reporting-related Microsoft Graph PowerShell cmdlets.
Programmatic access APIs:
- Security detections: Identity Protection risk detections API
- Tenant provisioning events: Provisioning logs API
Troubleshoot errors in Azure Active Directory reporting API
500 HTTP internal server error while accessing Microsoft Graph beta endpoint: We don't currently support the Microsoft Graph beta endpoint - make sure to access the activity logs using the Microsoft Graph v1.0 endpoint.
Error: Neither tenant is B2C or tenant doesn't have premium license: Accessing sign-in reports requires an Azure Active Directory premium 1 (P1) license. If you see this error message while accessing sign-ins, make sure that your tenant is licensed with an Azure AD P1 license.
Error: User isn't in the allowed roles: If you see this error message while trying to access audit logs or sign-ins using the API, make sure that your account is part of the Security Reader or Reports Reader role in your Azure Active Directory tenant.
Error: Application missing Azure AD 'Read directory data' or 'Read all audit log data' permission: Revisit the Grant permissions section of this article to ensure the permissions are properly set.
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