How to use Automation to send a Microsoft Outlook message using Access 2000

This article applies to a Microsoft Access database (.mdb) and to a Microsoft Access project (.adp).


This article shows you how to use Automation to create and send a Microsoft Outlook message in Microsoft Access 2000.

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The following code may not work properly if you have installed the Outlook E-mail Security Update.

You can use the SendObject method to send a MAPI mail message programmatically in Microsoft Access. However, the SendObject method does not give you access to complete mail functionality, such as the ability to attach an external file or set message importance. The example that follows uses Automation to create and send a mail message that you can use to take advantage of many features in Microsoft Outlook that are not available with the SendObject method.

There are six main steps to sending a Microsoft Outlook mail message by using Automation, as follows:

  1. Initialize the Outlook session.
  2. Create a new message.
  3. Add the recipients (To, CC, and BCC) and resolve their names.
  4. Set valid properties, such as the Subject, Body, and Importance.
  5. Add attachments (if any).
  6. Display/Send the message.

Sending a Microsoft Outlook mail message programmatically

  1. Create a sample text file named Customers.txt in the C:\My Documents folder.

  2. Start Microsoft Access, and open the sample database Northwind.mdb.

  3. Create a module and type the following line in the Declarations section if it is not already there:

    Option Explicit

  4. On the Tools menu, select References.

  5. In the References box, select the Microsoft Outlook 9.0 Object Library, and then select OK.


    If the Microsoft Outlook 9.0 Object Library does not appear in the Available References box, browse your hard disk for the file, Msoutl9.olb. If you cannot locate this file, you must run the Microsoft Outlook Setup program to install it before you proceed with this example.

  6. Type the following procedure in the new module:

    Sub SendMessage(Optional AttachmentPath)
        Dim objOutlook As Outlook.Application
        Dim objOutlookMsg As Outlook.MailItem
        Dim objOutlookRecip As Outlook.Recipient
        Dim objOutlookAttach As Outlook.Attachment
        ' Create the Outlook session.
        Set objOutlook = CreateObject("Outlook.Application")' Create the message.
        Set objOutlookMsg = objOutlook.CreateItem(olMailItem)
        With objOutlookMsg
        ' Add the To recipient(s) to the message.
        Set objOutlookRecip = .Recipients.Add("Nancy Davolio")
        objOutlookRecip.Type = olTo
        ' Add the CC recipient(s) to the message.
        Set objOutlookRecip = .Recipients.Add("Andrew Fuller")
        objOutlookRecip.Type = olCC
        ' Set the Subject, Body, and Importance of the message.
        .Subject = "This is an Automation test with Microsoft Outlook"
        .Body = "Last test - I promise." & vbCrLf & vbCrLf
        .Importance = olImportanceHigh 'High importance
        ' Add attachments to the message.
        If Not IsMissing(AttachmentPath) Then
        Set objOutlookAttach = .Attachments.Add(AttachmentPath)
        End If
        ' Resolve each Recipient's name.
        For Each objOutlookRecip In .Recipients
        If Not objOutlookRecip.Resolve Then
        End If
        End With
        Set objOutlookMsg = Nothing
        Set objOutlook = Nothing
    End Sub
  7. To test this procedure, type the following line in the Immediate window, and then press ENTER:

    SendMessage "C:\My Documents\Customers.txt"

    To send the message without specifying an attachment, omit the argument when calling the procedure, as follows: