Exception.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) Метод

Определение

При переопределении в производном классе задает объект SerializationInfo со сведениями об исключении.

public:
 virtual void GetObjectData(System::Runtime::Serialization::SerializationInfo ^ info, System::Runtime::Serialization::StreamingContext context);
public virtual void GetObjectData (System.Runtime.Serialization.SerializationInfo info, System.Runtime.Serialization.StreamingContext context);
[System.Security.SecurityCritical]
public virtual void GetObjectData (System.Runtime.Serialization.SerializationInfo info, System.Runtime.Serialization.StreamingContext context);
abstract member GetObjectData : System.Runtime.Serialization.SerializationInfo * System.Runtime.Serialization.StreamingContext -> unit
override this.GetObjectData : System.Runtime.Serialization.SerializationInfo * System.Runtime.Serialization.StreamingContext -> unit
[<System.Security.SecurityCritical>]
abstract member GetObjectData : System.Runtime.Serialization.SerializationInfo * System.Runtime.Serialization.StreamingContext -> unit
override this.GetObjectData : System.Runtime.Serialization.SerializationInfo * System.Runtime.Serialization.StreamingContext -> unit
Public Overridable Sub GetObjectData (info As SerializationInfo, context As StreamingContext)

Параметры

info
SerializationInfo

Объект SerializationInfo, хранящий сериализованные данные объекта, относящиеся к выдаваемому исключению.

context
StreamingContext

Объект StreamingContext, содержащий контекстные сведения об источнике или назначении.

Реализации

Атрибуты

Исключения

Значением параметра info является пустая ссылка (Nothing в Visual Basic).

Примеры

В следующем примере кода определяется производный сериализуемый Exception класс, реализующий GetObjectData, который вносит незначительные изменения в два свойства, а затем вызывает базовый класс для выполнения сериализации. В примере возникает ошибка деления на 0, а затем создается экземпляр производного исключения. Код сериализует экземпляр в файл, десериализует файл в новое исключение, которое он создает, а затем перехватывает и отображает данные исключения.

#using <System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Soap.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Runtime::Serialization;
using namespace System::Runtime::Serialization::Formatters::Soap;

// Define a serializable derived exception class.

[Serializable]
ref class SecondLevelException: public Exception, public ISerializable
{
public:

   // This public constructor is used by class instantiators.
   SecondLevelException( String^ message, Exception^ inner )
      : Exception( message, inner )
   {
      HelpLink = "http://MSDN.Microsoft.com";
      Source = "Exception_Class_Samples";
   }


protected:

   // This protected constructor is used for deserialization.
   SecondLevelException( SerializationInfo^ info, StreamingContext context )
      : Exception( info, context )
   {}


public:

   // GetObjectData performs a custom serialization.
   [System::Security::Permissions::SecurityPermissionAttribute
   (System::Security::Permissions::SecurityAction::LinkDemand, 
   Flags=System::Security::Permissions::SecurityPermissionFlag::SerializationFormatter)]
   virtual void GetObjectData( SerializationInfo^ info, StreamingContext context ) override
   {
      
      // Change the case of two properties, and then use the 
      // method of the base class.
      HelpLink = HelpLink->ToLower();
      Source = Source->ToUpperInvariant();
      Exception::GetObjectData( info, context );
   }

};

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Exception constructor "
   "and Exception.GetObjectData\nwith Serialization"
   "Info and StreamingContext parameters "
   "generates \nthe following output.\n" );
   try
   {
      
      // This code forces a division by 0 and catches the 
      // resulting exception.
      try
      {
         int zero = 0;
         int ecks = 1 / zero;
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
      {
         
         // Create a new exception to throw again.
         SecondLevelException^ newExcept = gcnew SecondLevelException( "Forced a division by 0 and threw "
         "another exception.",ex );
         Console::WriteLine( "Forced a division by 0, caught the "
         "resulting exception, \n"
         "and created a derived exception:\n" );
         Console::WriteLine( "HelpLink: {0}", newExcept->HelpLink );
         Console::WriteLine( "Source:   {0}", newExcept->Source );
         
         // This FileStream is used for the serialization.
         FileStream^ stream = gcnew FileStream( "NewException.dat",FileMode::Create );
         try
         {
            
            // Serialize the derived exception.
            SoapFormatter^ formatter = gcnew SoapFormatter( nullptr,StreamingContext(StreamingContextStates::File) );
            formatter->Serialize( stream, newExcept );
            
            // Rewind the stream and deserialize the 
            // exception.
            stream->Position = 0;
            SecondLevelException^ deserExcept = dynamic_cast<SecondLevelException^>(formatter->Deserialize( stream ));
            Console::WriteLine( "\nSerialized the exception, and then "
            "deserialized the resulting stream "
            "into a \nnew exception. "
            "The deserialization changed the case "
            "of certain properties:\n" );
            
            // Throw the deserialized exception again.
            throw deserExcept;
         }
         catch ( SerializationException^ se ) 
         {
            Console::WriteLine( "Failed to serialize: {0}", se->ToString() );
         }
         finally
         {
            stream->Close();
         }

      }

   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "HelpLink: {0}", ex->HelpLink );
      Console::WriteLine( "Source:   {0}", ex->Source );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( ex->ToString() );
   }

}

/*
This example of the Exception constructor and Exception.GetObjectData
with SerializationInfo and StreamingContext parameters generates
the following output.

Forced a division by 0, caught the resulting exception,
and created a derived exception:

HelpLink: http://MSDN.Microsoft.com
Source:   Exception_Class_Samples

Serialized the exception, and then deserialized the resulting stream into a
new exception. The deserialization changed the case of certain properties:

HelpLink: http://msdn.microsoft.com
Source:   EXCEPTION_CLASS_SAMPLES

SecondLevelException: Forced a division by 0 and threw another exception. ---> S
ystem.DivideByZeroException: Attempted to divide by zero.
   at main()
   --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
   at main()

*/
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;
using System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Soap;

// Define a serializable derived exception class.
[Serializable]
class SecondLevelException : Exception, ISerializable
{
    // This public constructor is used by class instantiators.
    public SecondLevelException(string message, Exception inner) :
        base(message, inner)
    {
        HelpLink = "http://MSDN.Microsoft.com";
        Source = "Exception_Class_Samples";
    }

    // This protected constructor is used for deserialization.
    protected SecondLevelException(SerializationInfo info,
        StreamingContext context) :
            base(info, context)
    { }

    // GetObjectData performs a custom serialization.
    public override void GetObjectData(SerializationInfo info,
        StreamingContext context)
    {
        // Change the case of two properties, and then use the
        // method of the base class.
        HelpLink = HelpLink.ToLower();
        Source = Source.ToUpperInvariant();

        base.GetObjectData(info, context);
    }
}

class SerializationDemo
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine(
            "This example of the Exception constructor " +
            "and Exception.GetObjectData\nwith Serialization" +
            "Info and StreamingContext parameters " +
            "generates \nthe following output.\n");

        try
        {
            // This code forces a division by 0 and catches the
            // resulting exception.
            try
            {
                int zero = 0;
                int ecks = 1 / zero;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                // Create a new exception to throw again.
                SecondLevelException newExcept =
                    new SecondLevelException(
                        "Forced a division by 0 and threw " +
                        "another exception.", ex);

                Console.WriteLine(
                    "Forced a division by 0, caught the " +
                    "resulting exception, \n" +
                    "and created a derived exception:\n");
                Console.WriteLine("HelpLink: {0}",
                    newExcept.HelpLink);
                Console.WriteLine("Source:   {0}",
                    newExcept.Source);

                // This FileStream is used for the serialization.
                FileStream stream =
                    new FileStream("NewException.dat",
                        FileMode.Create);

                try
                {
                    // Serialize the derived exception.
                    SoapFormatter formatter =
                        new SoapFormatter(null,
                            new StreamingContext(
                                StreamingContextStates.File));
                    formatter.Serialize(stream, newExcept);

                    // Rewind the stream and deserialize the
                    // exception.
                    stream.Position = 0;
                    SecondLevelException deserExcept =
                        (SecondLevelException)
                            formatter.Deserialize(stream);

                    Console.WriteLine(
                        "\nSerialized the exception, and then " +
                        "deserialized the resulting stream " +
                        "into a \nnew exception. " +
                        "The deserialization changed the case " +
                        "of certain properties:\n");

                    // Throw the deserialized exception again.
                    throw deserExcept;
                }
                catch (SerializationException se)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Failed to serialize: {0}",
                        se.ToString());
                }
                finally
                {
                    stream.Close();
                }
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("HelpLink: {0}", ex.HelpLink);
            Console.WriteLine("Source:   {0}", ex.Source);

            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
        }
    }
}
/*
This example displays the following output.

Forced a division by 0, caught the resulting exception,
and created a derived exception:

HelpLink: http://MSDN.Microsoft.com
Source:   Exception_Class_Samples

Serialized the exception, and then deserialized the resulting stream into a
new exception. The deserialization changed the case of certain properties:

HelpLink: http://msdn.microsoft.com
Source:   EXCEPTION_CLASS_SAMPLES

NDP_UE_CS.SecondLevelException: Forced a division by 0 and threw another except
ion. ---> System.DivideByZeroException: Attempted to divide by zero.
   at NDP_UE_CS.SerializationDemo.Main()
   --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
   at NDP_UE_CS.SerializationDemo.Main()
*/
open System
open System.IO
open System.Runtime.Serialization
open System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Soap
open System.Security.Permissions

 // Define a serializable derived exception class.
 [<Serializable>]
 type SecondLevelException =
    inherit Exception

    interface ISerializable with
        // GetObjectData performs a custom serialization.
        member this.GetObjectData(info: SerializationInfo, context: StreamingContext) =
            // Change the case of two properties, and then use the
            // method of the base class.
            this.HelpLink <- this.HelpLink.ToLower()
            this.Source <- this.Source.ToUpperInvariant()

            base.GetObjectData( info, context )
    // This public constructor is used by class instantiators.
    new (message: string, inner: Exception) as this =
        { inherit Exception(message, inner) }
        then
            this.HelpLink <- "http://MSDN.Microsoft.com"
            this.Source <- "Exception_Class_Samples" 

    // This protected constructor is used for deserialization.
    new (info: SerializationInfo, context: StreamingContext) =
        { inherit Exception(info, context) }

printfn 
    """This example of the Exception constructor and Exception.GetObjectData
with SerializationInfo and StreamingContext parameters generates 
the following output.
"""

try
    // This code forces a division by 0 and catches the
    // resulting exception.
    try
        let zero = 0
        let ecks = 1 / zero
        ()
    with ex ->
        // Create a new exception to throw again.
        let newExcept = SecondLevelException("Forced a division by 0 and threw another exception.", ex)

        printfn "Forced a division by 0, caught the resulting exception, \nand created a derived exception:\n"
        printfn $"HelpLink: {newExcept.HelpLink}"
        printfn $"Source:   {newExcept.Source}"

        // This FileStream is used for the serialization.
        use stream = new FileStream("NewException.dat", FileMode.Create)

        try
            // Serialize the derived exception.
            let formatter = SoapFormatter(null, StreamingContext StreamingContextStates.File)
            formatter.Serialize(stream, newExcept)

            // Rewind the stream and deserialize the
            // exception.
            stream.Position <- 0L
            let deserExcept = formatter.Deserialize stream :?> SecondLevelException

            printfn 
                """
Serialized the exception, and then deserialized the resulting stream into a 
new exception. The deserialization changed the case of certain properties:
"""

            // Throw the deserialized exception again.
            raise deserExcept
        with :? SerializationException as se -> 
            printfn $"Failed to serialize: {se}"

with ex ->
    printfn $"HelpLink: {ex.HelpLink}"
    printfn $"Source:   {ex.Source}"
    printfn $"\n{ex}"

// This example displays the following output.
//     Forced a division by 0, caught the resulting exception,
//     and created a derived exception:
//    
//     HelpLink: http://MSDN.Microsoft.com
//     Source:   Exception_Class_Samples
//    
//     Serialized the exception, and then deserialized the resulting stream into a
//     new exception. The deserialization changed the case of certain properties:
//    
//     HelpLink: http://msdn.microsoft.com
//     Source:   EXCEPTION_CLASS_SAMPLES
//    
//     NDP_UE_FS_3+SecondLevelException: Forced a division by 0 and threw another except
//     ion. ---> System.DivideByZeroException: Attempted to divide by zero.
//        at <StartupCode$fs>.$NDP_UE_FS_3.main@()
//        --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
//        at <StartupCode$fs>.$NDP_UE_FS_3.main@()
' If compiling with the Visual Basic compiler (vbc.exe) from the command
' prompt, be sure to add the following switch:
'    /reference:System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Soap.dll 
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Runtime.Serialization
Imports System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Soap
Imports System.Security.Permissions

 ' Define a serializable derived exception class.
 <Serializable()>  _
 Class SecondLevelException
     Inherits Exception

     ' This public constructor is used by class instantiators.
     Public Sub New( message As String, inner As Exception )
         MyBase.New( message, inner )

         HelpLink = "http://MSDN.Microsoft.com"
         Source = "Exception_Class_Samples"
     End Sub

     ' This protected constructor is used for deserialization.
     Protected Sub New( info As SerializationInfo, _
         context As StreamingContext )
             MyBase.New( info, context )
     End Sub

     ' GetObjectData performs a custom serialization.
     <SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.Demand, _
                                  SerializationFormatter:=True)> _
     Overrides Sub GetObjectData( info As SerializationInfo, _
         context As StreamingContext)

         ' Change the case of two properties, and then use the
         ' method of the base class.
         HelpLink = HelpLink.ToLower()
         Source = Source.ToUpperInvariant()

         MyBase.GetObjectData(info, context)
     End Sub
 End Class

 Module SerializationDemo

     Sub Main()
         Console.WriteLine( _
             "This example of the Exception constructor " & _
             "and Exception.GetObjectData " & vbCrLf & _
             "with SerializationInfo and StreamingContext " & _
             "parameters generates " & vbCrLf & _
             "the following output." & vbCrLf )

         ' This code forces a division by 0 and catches the
         ' resulting exception.
         Try
             Try
                 Dim zero As Integer = 0
                 Dim ecks As Integer = 1 \ zero

             ' Create a new exception to throw again.
             Catch ex As Exception

                 Dim newExcept As New SecondLevelException( _
                     "Forced a division by 0 and threw " & _
                     "another exception.", ex )

                 Console.WriteLine( _
                     "Forced a division by 0, caught the " & _
                     "resulting exception, " & vbCrLf & _
                     "and created a derived exception:" & vbCrLf )
                 Console.WriteLine( "HelpLink: {0}", _
                     newExcept.HelpLink )
                 Console.WriteLine( "Source:   {0}", _
                     newExcept.Source )

                 ' This FileStream is used for the serialization.
                 Dim stream As New FileStream( _
                     "NewException.dat", FileMode.Create )

                 ' Serialize the derived exception.
                 Try
                     Dim formatter As New SoapFormatter( Nothing, _
                         New StreamingContext( _
                             StreamingContextStates.File ) )
                     formatter.Serialize( stream, newExcept )

                     ' Rewind the stream and deserialize the
                     ' exception.
                     stream.Position = 0
                     Dim deserExcept As SecondLevelException = _
                         CType( formatter.Deserialize( stream ), _
                             SecondLevelException )

                     Console.WriteLine( vbCrLf & _
                         "Serialized the exception, and then " & _
                         "deserialized the resulting stream " & _
                         "into a " & vbCrLf & "new exception. " & _
                         "The deserialization changed the case " & _
                         "of certain properties:" & vbCrLf )

                     ' Throw the deserialized exception again.
                     Throw deserExcept

                 Catch se As SerializationException
                     Console.WriteLine( "Failed to serialize: {0}", _
                         se.ToString( ) )

                 Finally
                     stream.Close( )
                 End Try
             End Try
         Catch ex As Exception
             Console.WriteLine( "HelpLink: {0}", ex.HelpLink )
             Console.WriteLine( "Source:   {0}", ex.Source )

             Console.WriteLine( )
             Console.WriteLine( ex.ToString( ) )
         End Try
     End Sub
 End Module
' This example displays the following output:
' 
' Forced a division by 0, caught the resulting exception,
' and created a derived exception:
' 
' HelpLink: http://MSDN.Microsoft.com
' Source:   Exception_Class_Samples
' 
' Serialized the exception, and then deserialized the resulting stream into a
' new exception. The deserialization changed the case of certain properties:
' 
' HelpLink: http://msdn.microsoft.com
' Source:   EXCEPTION_CLASS_SAMPLES
' 
' NDP_UE_VB.SecondLevelException: Forced a division by 0 and threw another exce
' ption. ---> System.DivideByZeroException: Attempted to divide by zero.
'    at NDP_UE_VB.SerializationDemo.Main()
'    --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
'    at NDP_UE_VB.SerializationDemo.Main()

Комментарии

GetObjectData задает в SerializationInfo все данные объекта исключения, предназначенные для сериализации. В процессе десериализации исключение воспроизводится из объекта SerializationInfo, переданного в потоке.

Применяется к

См. также раздел