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用于 Azure Monitor 指标警报规则的资源管理器模板示例

本文提供了在 Azure Monitor 中使用 Azure 资源管理器模板配置度量警报规则的示例。 每个示例都包含模板文件和参数文件,其中包含要提供给模板的示例值。

注意

有关可用示例的列表以及在 Azure 订阅中部署这些示例的指南,请参阅 Azure Monitor 资源管理器示例

有关可用于指标警报规则的资源列表,请参阅 Azure Monitor 中的指标警报支持的资源。 有关警报规则的架构和属性的说明,请参阅指标警报 - 创建或更新

注意

用于针对资源类型创建指标警报的资源模板:Azure Log Analytics 工作区(即 Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces)需要执行其他步骤。 有关详细信息,请参阅日志指标警报 - 资源模板

模板参考

单个条件,静态阈值

以下示例将使用单个条件和静态阈值创建指标警报规则。

模板文件

@description('Name of the alert')
@minLength(1)
param alertName string

@description('Description of alert')
param alertDescription string = 'This is a metric alert'

@description('Severity of alert {0,1,2,3,4}')
@allowed([
  0
  1
  2
  3
  4
])
param alertSeverity int = 3

@description('Specifies whether the alert is enabled')
param isEnabled bool = true

@description('Full Resource ID of the resource emitting the metric that will be used for the comparison. For example /subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-0000-00000000/resourceGroups/ResourceGroupName/providers/Microsoft.compute/virtualMachines/VM_xyz')
@minLength(1)
param resourceId string

@description('Name of the metric used in the comparison to activate the alert.')
@minLength(1)
param metricName string

@description('Operator comparing the current value with the threshold value.')
@allowed([
  'Equals'
  'GreaterThan'
  'GreaterThanOrEqual'
  'LessThan'
  'LessThanOrEqual'
])
param operator string = 'GreaterThan'

@description('The threshold value at which the alert is activated.')
param threshold int = 0

@description('How the data that is collected should be combined over time.')
@allowed([
  'Average'
  'Minimum'
  'Maximum'
  'Total'
  'Count'
])
param timeAggregation string = 'Average'

@description('Period of time used to monitor alert activity based on the threshold. Must be between one minute and one day. ISO 8601 duration format.')
@allowed([
  'PT1M'
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
  'PT6H'
  'PT12H'
  'PT24H'
])
param windowSize string = 'PT5M'

@description('how often the metric alert is evaluated represented in ISO 8601 duration format')
@allowed([
  'PT1M'
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param evaluationFrequency string = 'PT1M'

@description('The ID of the action group that is triggered when the alert is activated or deactivated')
param actionGroupId string = ''

resource metricAlert 'Microsoft.Insights/metricAlerts@2018-03-01' = {
  name: alertName
  location: 'global'
  properties: {
    description: alertDescription
    severity: alertSeverity
    enabled: isEnabled
    scopes: [
      resourceId
    ]
    evaluationFrequency: evaluationFrequency
    windowSize: windowSize
    criteria: {
      'odata.type': 'Microsoft.Azure.Monitor.SingleResourceMultipleMetricCriteria'
      allOf: [
        {
          name: '1st criterion'
          metricName: metricName
          dimensions: []
          operator: operator
          threshold: threshold
          timeAggregation: timeAggregation
          criterionType: 'StaticThresholdCriterion'
        }
      ]
    }
    actions: [
      {
        actionGroupId: actionGroupId
      }
    ]
  }
}

参数文件

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentParameters.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "alertName": {
      "value": "New Metric Alert"
    },
    "alertDescription": {
      "value": "New metric alert created via template"
    },
    "alertSeverity": {
      "value":3
    },
    "isEnabled": {
      "value": true
    },
    "resourceId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resourceGroup-name/providers/Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/replace-with-resource-name"
    },
    "metricName": {
      "value": "Percentage CPU"
    },
    "operator": {
      "value": "GreaterThan"
    },
    "threshold": {
      "value": "80"
    },
    "timeAggregation": {
      "value": "Average"
    },
    "actionGroupId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/resource-group-name/providers/Microsoft.Insights/actionGroups/replace-with-action-group"
    }
  }
}

单个条件,动态阈值

以下示例将使用单个条件和动态阈值创建指标警报规则。

模板文件

@description('Name of the alert')
@minLength(1)
param alertName string

@description('Description of alert')
param alertDescription string = 'This is a metric alert'

@description('Severity of alert {0,1,2,3,4}')
@allowed([
  0
  1
  2
  3
  4
])
param alertSeverity int = 3

@description('Specifies whether the alert is enabled')
param isEnabled bool = true

@description('Full Resource ID of the resource emitting the metric that will be used for the comparison. For example /subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-0000-00000000/resourceGroups/ResourceGroupName/providers/Microsoft.compute/virtualMachines/VM_xyz')
@minLength(1)
param resourceId string

@description('Name of the metric used in the comparison to activate the alert.')
@minLength(1)
param metricName string

@description('Operator comparing the current value with the threshold value.')
@allowed([
  'GreaterThan'
  'LessThan'
  'GreaterOrLessThan'
])
param operator string = 'GreaterOrLessThan'

@description('Tunes how \'noisy\' the Dynamic Thresholds alerts will be: \'High\' will result in more alerts while \'Low\' will result in fewer alerts.')
@allowed([
  'High'
  'Medium'
  'Low'
])
param alertSensitivity string = 'Medium'

@description('The number of periods to check in the alert evaluation.')
param numberOfEvaluationPeriods int = 4

@description('The number of unhealthy periods to alert on (must be lower or equal to numberOfEvaluationPeriods).')
param minFailingPeriodsToAlert int = 3

@description('Use this option to set the date from which to start learning the metric historical data and calculate the dynamic thresholds (in ISO8601 format, e.g. \'2019-12-31T22:00:00Z\').')
param ignoreDataBefore string = ''

@description('How the data that is collected should be combined over time.')
@allowed([
  'Average'
  'Minimum'
  'Maximum'
  'Total'
  'Count'
])
param timeAggregation string = 'Average'

@description('Period of time used to monitor alert activity based on the threshold. Must be between five minutes and one hour. ISO 8601 duration format.')
@allowed([
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param windowSize string = 'PT5M'

@description('how often the metric alert is evaluated represented in ISO 8601 duration format')
@allowed([
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param evaluationFrequency string = 'PT5M'

@description('The ID of the action group that is triggered when the alert is activated or deactivated')
param actionGroupId string = ''

resource metricAlert 'Microsoft.Insights/metricAlerts@2018-03-01' = {
  name: alertName
  location: 'global'
  properties: {
    description: alertDescription
    severity: alertSeverity
    enabled: isEnabled
    scopes: [
      resourceId
    ]
    evaluationFrequency: evaluationFrequency
    windowSize: windowSize
    criteria: {
      'odata.type': 'Microsoft.Azure.Monitor.MultipleResourceMultipleMetricCriteria'
      allOf: [
        {
          criterionType: 'DynamicThresholdCriterion'
          name: '1st criterion'
          metricName: metricName
          dimensions: []
          operator: operator
          alertSensitivity: alertSensitivity
          failingPeriods: {
            numberOfEvaluationPeriods: numberOfEvaluationPeriods
            minFailingPeriodsToAlert: minFailingPeriodsToAlert
          }
          ignoreDataBefore: ignoreDataBefore
          timeAggregation: timeAggregation
        }
      ]
    }
    actions: [
      {
        actionGroupId: actionGroupId
      }
    ]
  }
}

参数文件

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentParameters.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "alertName": {
      "value": "New Metric Alert with Dynamic Thresholds"
    },
    "alertDescription": {
      "value": "New metric alert with Dynamic Thresholds created via template"
    },
    "alertSeverity": {
      "value":3
    },
    "isEnabled": {
      "value": true
    },
    "resourceId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resourceGroup-name/providers/Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/replace-with-resource-name"
    },
    "metricName": {
      "value": "Percentage CPU"
    },
    "operator": {
      "value": "GreaterOrLessThan"
    },
    "alertSensitivity": {
      "value": "Medium"
    },
    "numberOfEvaluationPeriods": {
      "value": "4"
    },
    "minFailingPeriodsToAlert": {
      "value": "3"
    },
    "ignoreDataBefore": {
      "value": ""
    },
    "timeAggregation": {
      "value": "Average"
    },
    "actionGroupId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/resource-group-name/providers/Microsoft.Insights/actionGroups/replace-with-action-group"
    }
  }
}

多个条件,静态阈值

指标警报支持根据多维指标发出警报,每个警报规则最多 5 个条件。 以下示例将基于维度指标创建指标警报规则,并指定多个条件。

在包含多个条件的警报规则中使用维度时,以下约束适用:

  • 在每个条件内,只能为每个维度选择一个值。

  • 不能使用“*”作为维度值。

  • 当以不同条件配置的指标支持相同的维度时,必须以相同方式为相关条件下的所有这些指标显式设置已配置的维度值。

    • 在下面的示例中,由于 Transactions 和 SuccessE2ELatency 指标均具有 ApiName 维度,并且 criterion1 为 ApiName 维度指定了“GetBlob”值,因此,criterion2 也必须为 ApiName 维度设置“GetBlob”值。

模板文件

@description('Name of the alert')
param alertName string

@description('Description of alert')
param alertDescription string = 'This is a metric alert'

@description('Severity of alert {0,1,2,3,4}')
@allowed([
  0
  1
  2
  3
  4
])
param alertSeverity int = 3

@description('Specifies whether the alert is enabled')
param isEnabled bool = true

@description('Resource ID of the resource emitting the metric that will be used for the comparison.')
param resourceId string = ''

@description('Criterion includes metric name, dimension values, threshold and an operator. The alert rule fires when ALL criteria are met')
param criterion1 object

@description('Criterion includes metric name, dimension values, threshold and an operator. The alert rule fires when ALL criteria are met')
param criterion2 object

@description('Period of time used to monitor alert activity based on the threshold. Must be between one minute and one day. ISO 8601 duration format.')
@allowed([
  'PT1M'
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
  'PT6H'
  'PT12H'
  'PT24H'
])
param windowSize string = 'PT5M'

@description('how often the metric alert is evaluated represented in ISO 8601 duration format')
@allowed([
  'PT1M'
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param evaluationFrequency string = 'PT1M'

@description('The ID of the action group that is triggered when the alert is activated or deactivated')
param actionGroupId string = ''

var criterion1_var = array(criterion1)
var criterion2_var = array(criterion2)
var criteria = concat(criterion1_var, criterion2_var)

resource metricAlert 'Microsoft.Insights/metricAlerts@2018-03-01' = {
  name: alertName
  location: 'global'
  properties: {
    description: alertDescription
    severity: alertSeverity
    enabled: isEnabled
    scopes: [
      resourceId
    ]
    evaluationFrequency: evaluationFrequency
    windowSize: windowSize
    criteria: {
      'odata.type': 'Microsoft.Azure.Monitor.SingleResourceMultipleMetricCriteria'
      allOf: criteria
    }
    actions: [
      {
        actionGroupId: actionGroupId
      }
    ]
  }
}

参数文件

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentParameters.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "alertName": {
      "value": "New Multi-dimensional Metric Alert (Replace with your alert name)"
    },
    "alertDescription": {
      "value": "New multi-dimensional metric alert created via template (Replace with your alert description)"
    },
    "alertSeverity": {
      "value": 3
    },
    "isEnabled": {
      "value": true
    },
    "resourceId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resourcegroup-name/providers/Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts/replace-with-storage-account"
    },
    "criterion1": {
      "value": {
        "name": "1st criterion",
        "metricName": "Transactions",
        "dimensions": [
          {
            "name": "ResponseType",
            "operator": "Include",
            "values": [ "Success" ]
          },
          {
            "name": "ApiName",
            "operator": "Include",
            "values": [ "GetBlob" ]
          }
        ],
        "operator": "GreaterThan",
        "threshold": "5",
        "timeAggregation": "Total"
      }
    },
    "criterion2": {
      "value": {
        "name": "2nd criterion",
        "metricName": "SuccessE2ELatency",
        "dimensions": [
          {
            "name": "ApiName",
            "operator": "Include",
            "values": [ "GetBlob" ]
          }
        ],
        "operator": "GreaterThan",
        "threshold": "250",
        "timeAggregation": "Average"
      }
    },
    "actionGroupId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name/providers/Microsoft.Insights/actionGroups/replace-with-actiongroup-name"
    }
  }
}

多个维度,静态阈值

单个警报规则可以一次监视多个指标时序,从而减少了要管理的警报规则。 以下示例将基于维度指标创建静态指标警报规则。

在此示例中,警报规则监视 Transactions 指标的 ResponseType 和 ApiName 维度的维度值组合:

  1. ResponsType - 使用“*”通配符意味着对于 ResponseType 维度的每个值(包括将来的值),将分别监视不同的时序。
  2. ApiName - 只对“GetBlob”和“PutBlob”维度值监视不同的时序 。

例如,该警报规则监视的几个潜在时序是:

  • Metric = 事务、ResponseType = 成功、ApiName = GetBlob
  • Metric = 事务、ResponseType = 成功、ApiName = PutBlob
  • Metric = 事务、ResponseType = 服务器超时、ApiName = GetBlob
  • Metric = Transactions,ResponseType = Server Timeout,ApiName = PutBlob

模板文件

@description('Name of the alert')
param alertName string

@description('Description of alert')
param alertDescription string = 'This is a metric alert'

@description('Severity of alert {0,1,2,3,4}')
@allowed([
  0
  1
  2
  3
  4
])
param alertSeverity int = 3

@description('Specifies whether the alert is enabled')
param isEnabled bool = true

@description('Resource ID of the resource emitting the metric that will be used for the comparison.')
param resourceId string = ''

@description('Criterion includes metric name, dimension values, threshold and an operator. The alert rule fires when ALL criteria are met')
param criterion object

@description('Period of time used to monitor alert activity based on the threshold. Must be between one minute and one day. ISO 8601 duration format.')
@allowed([
  'PT1M'
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
  'PT6H'
  'PT12H'
  'PT24H'
])
param windowSize string = 'PT5M'

@description('how often the metric alert is evaluated represented in ISO 8601 duration format')
@allowed([
  'PT1M'
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param evaluationFrequency string = 'PT1M'

@description('The ID of the action group that is triggered when the alert is activated or deactivated')
param actionGroupId string = ''

var criteria = array(criterion)

resource metricAlert 'Microsoft.Insights/metricAlerts@2018-03-01' = {
  name: alertName
  location: 'global'
  properties: {
    description: alertDescription
    severity: alertSeverity
    enabled: isEnabled
    scopes: [
      resourceId
    ]
    evaluationFrequency: evaluationFrequency
    windowSize: windowSize
    criteria: {
      'odata.type': 'Microsoft.Azure.Monitor.SingleResourceMultipleMetricCriteria'
      allOf: criteria
    }
    actions: [
      {
        actionGroupId: actionGroupId
      }
    ]
  }
}

参数文件

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentParameters.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "alertName": {
      "value": "New multi-dimensional metric alert rule (replace with your alert name)"
    },
    "alertDescription": {
      "value": "New multi-dimensional metric alert rule created via template (replace with your alert description)"
    },
    "alertSeverity": {
      "value": 3
    },
    "isEnabled": {
      "value": true
    },
    "resourceId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resourcegroup-name/providers/Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts/replace-with-storage-account"
    },
    "criterion": {
      "value": {
        "name": "Criterion",
        "metricName": "Transactions",
        "dimensions": [
          {
            "name": "ResponseType",
            "operator": "Include",
            "values": [ "*" ]
          },
          {
            "name": "ApiName",
            "operator": "Include",
            "values": [ "GetBlob", "PutBlob" ]
          }
        ],
        "operator": "GreaterThan",
        "threshold": "5",
        "timeAggregation": "Total"
      }
    },
    "actionGroupId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name/providers/Microsoft.Insights/actionGroups/replace-with-actiongroup-name"
    }
  }
}

多个维度,动态阈值

单个动态阈值警报规则可以一次为数百个指标时序(甚至不同类型)创建定制阈值,从而减少需要管理的警报规则。 以下示例将基于维度指标创建动态阈值指标警报规则。

在此示例中,警报规则监视 Transactions 指标的 ResponseType 和 ApiName 维度的维度值组合:

  1. ResponsType - 对于 ResponseType 维度的每个值(包括将来的值),将分别监视不同的时序。
  2. ApiName - 只对“GetBlob”和“PutBlob”维度值监视不同的时序 。

例如,该警报规则监视的几个潜在时序是:

  • Metric = 事务、ResponseType = 成功、ApiName = GetBlob
  • Metric = 事务、ResponseType = 成功、ApiName = PutBlob
  • Metric = 事务、ResponseType = 服务器超时、ApiName = GetBlob
  • Metric = 事务、ResponseType = 服务器超时、ApiName = PutBlob

注意

使用动态阈值的指标警报规则目前不支持多个条件。

模板文件

@description('Name of the alert')
param alertName string

@description('Description of alert')
param alertDescription string = 'This is a metric alert'

@description('Severity of alert {0,1,2,3,4}')
@allowed([
  0
  1
  2
  3
  4
])
param alertSeverity int = 3

@description('Specifies whether the alert is enabled')
param isEnabled bool = true

@description('Resource ID of the resource emitting the metric that will be used for the comparison.')
param resourceId string = ''

@description('Criterion includes metric name, dimension values, threshold and an operator.')
param criterion object

@description('Period of time used to monitor alert activity based on the threshold. Must be between five minutes and one hour. ISO 8601 duration format.')
@allowed([
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param windowSize string = 'PT5M'

@description('how often the metric alert is evaluated represented in ISO 8601 duration format')
@allowed([
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param evaluationFrequency string = 'PT5M'

@description('The ID of the action group that is triggered when the alert is activated or deactivated')
param actionGroupId string = ''

var criteria = array(criterion)

resource metricAlert 'Microsoft.Insights/metricAlerts@2018-03-01' = {
  name: alertName
  location: 'global'
  properties: {
    description: alertDescription
    severity: alertSeverity
    enabled: isEnabled
    scopes: [
      resourceId
    ]
    evaluationFrequency: evaluationFrequency
    windowSize: windowSize
    criteria: {
      'odata.type': 'Microsoft.Azure.Monitor.MultipleResourceMultipleMetricCriteria'
      allOf: criteria
    }
    actions: [
      {
        actionGroupId: actionGroupId
      }
    ]
  }
}

参数文件

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentParameters.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "alertName": {
      "value": "New Multi-dimensional Metric Alert with Dynamic Thresholds (Replace with your alert name)"
    },
    "alertDescription": {
      "value": "New multi-dimensional metric alert with Dynamic Thresholds created via template (Replace with your alert description)"
    },
    "alertSeverity": {
      "value": 3
    },
    "isEnabled": {
      "value": true
    },
    "resourceId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resourcegroup-name/providers/Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts/replace-with-storage-account"
    },
    "criterion": {
      "value": {
        "criterionType": "DynamicThresholdCriterion",
        "name": "1st criterion",
        "metricName": "Transactions",
        "dimensions": [
          {
            "name": "ResponseType",
            "operator": "Include",
            "values": [ "*" ]
          },
          {
            "name": "ApiName",
            "operator": "Include",
            "values": [ "GetBlob", "PutBlob" ]
          }
        ],
        "operator": "GreaterOrLessThan",
        "alertSensitivity": "Medium",
        "failingPeriods": {
          "numberOfEvaluationPeriods": "4",
          "minFailingPeriodsToAlert": "3"
        },
        "timeAggregation": "Total"
      }
    },
    "actionGroupId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name/providers/Microsoft.Insights/actionGroups/replace-with-actiongroup-name"
    }
  }
}

自定义指标,静态阈值

可以使用以下模板基于自定义指标创建更高级的静态阈值指标警报规则。

若要详细了解 Azure Monitor 中的自定义指标,请参阅 Azure Monitor 中的自定义指标

基于自定义指标创建警报规则时,需要同时指定指标名称和指标命名空间。 此外,还应确保已报告自定义指标,因为无法基于尚不存在的自定义指标创建警报规则。

模板文件

@description('Name of the alert')
@minLength(1)
param alertName string

@description('Description of alert')
param alertDescription string = 'This is a metric alert'

@description('Severity of alert {0,1,2,3,4}')
@allowed([
  0
  1
  2
  3
  4
])
param alertSeverity int = 3

@description('Specifies whether the alert is enabled')
param isEnabled bool = true

@description('Full Resource ID of the resource emitting the metric that will be used for the comparison. For example /subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-0000-00000000/resourceGroups/ResourceGroupName/providers/Microsoft.compute/virtualMachines/VM_xyz')
@minLength(1)
param resourceId string

@description('Name of the metric used in the comparison to activate the alert.')
@minLength(1)
param metricName string

@description('Namespace of the metric used in the comparison to activate the alert.')
@minLength(1)
param metricNamespace string

@description('Operator comparing the current value with the threshold value.')
@allowed([
  'Equals'
  'GreaterThan'
  'GreaterThanOrEqual'
  'LessThan'
  'LessThanOrEqual'
])
param operator string = 'GreaterThan'

@description('The threshold value at which the alert is activated.')
param threshold int = 0

@description('How the data that is collected should be combined over time.')
@allowed([
  'Average'
  'Minimum'
  'Maximum'
  'Total'
  'Count'
])
param timeAggregation string = 'Average'

@description('Period of time used to monitor alert activity based on the threshold. Must be between one minute and one day. ISO 8601 duration format.')
@allowed([
  'PT1M'
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
  'PT6H'
  'PT12H'
  'PT24H'
])
param windowSize string = 'PT5M'

@description('How often the metric alert is evaluated represented in ISO 8601 duration format')
@allowed([
  'PT1M'
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param evaluationFrequency string = 'PT1M'

@description('The ID of the action group that is triggered when the alert is activated or deactivated')
param actionGroupId string = ''

resource metricAlert 'Microsoft.Insights/metricAlerts@2018-03-01' = {
  name: alertName
  location: 'global'
  properties: {
    description: alertDescription
    severity: alertSeverity
    enabled: isEnabled
    scopes: [
      resourceId
    ]
    evaluationFrequency: evaluationFrequency
    windowSize: windowSize
    criteria: {
      'odata.type': 'Microsoft.Azure.Monitor.SingleResourceMultipleMetricCriteria'
      allOf: [
        {
          name: '1st criterion'
          metricName: metricName
          metricNamespace: metricNamespace
          dimensions: []
          operator: operator
          threshold: threshold
          timeAggregation: timeAggregation
          criterionType: 'StaticThresholdCriterion'
        }
      ]
    }
    actions: [
      {
        actionGroupId: actionGroupId
      }
    ]
  }
}

参数文件

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentParameters.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "alertName": {
      "value": "New alert rule on a custom metric"
    },
    "alertDescription": {
      "value": "New alert rule on a custom metric created via template"
    },
    "alertSeverity": {
      "value": 3
    },
    "isEnabled": {
      "value": true
    },
    "resourceId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resourceGroup-name/providers/microsoft.insights/components/replace-with-application-insights-resource-name"
    },
    "metricName": {
      "value": "The custom metric name"
    },
    "metricNamespace": {
      "value": "Azure.ApplicationInsights"
    },
    "operator": {
      "value": "GreaterThan"
    },
    "threshold": {
      "value": "80"
    },
    "timeAggregation": {
      "value": "Average"
    },
    "actionGroupId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/resource-group-name/providers/Microsoft.Insights/actionGroups/replace-with-action-group"
    }
  }
}

注意

通过使用 Azure 门户浏览自定义指标,可以找到特定自定义指标的指标命名空间

多个资源

对于同一 Azure 区域中的资源,Azure Monitor 支持使用单个指标警报规则监视相同类型的多个资源。 此功能目前仅在 Azure 公有云中受支持,并且仅适用于虚拟机、SQL Server 数据库、SQL Server 弹性池和 Azure Stack 边缘设备。 此外,此功能仅适用于平台指标,自定义指标不支持此功能。

动态阈值警报规则还可以帮助一次为数百个指标系列(甚至不同类型)创建定制阈值,从而减少需要管理的警报规则。

本部分将介绍适用于三种方案的 Azure 资源管理器模板,它们用于使用单个规则监视多个资源。

  • 监视一个或多个资源组中的所有虚拟机(在单个 Azure 区域中)。
  • 监视单个订阅中的所有虚拟机(在单个 Azure 区域中)。
  • 监视单个订阅中的虚拟机列表(在单个 Azure 区域中)。

注意

在监视多个资源的指标警报规则中,仅允许包含一个条件。

一个或多个资源组中所有虚拟机上的静态阈值警报

此模板将创建静态阈值指标警报规则,用于监视一个或多个资源组中的所有虚拟机(在单个 Azure 区域中)的 CPU 百分比。

将下面的 json 保存为 all-vms-in-resource-group-static.json 以用于此演练。

模板文件

@description('Name of the alert')
@minLength(1)
param alertName string

@description('Description of alert')
param alertDescription string = 'This is a metric alert'

@description('Severity of alert {0,1,2,3,4}')
@allowed([
  0
  1
  2
  3
  4
])
param alertSeverity int = 3

@description('Specifies whether the alert is enabled')
param isEnabled bool = true

@description('Full path of the resource group(s) where target resources to be monitored are in. For example - /subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-0000-00000000/resourceGroups/ResourceGroupName')
@minLength(1)
param targetResourceGroup array

@description('Azure region in which target resources to be monitored are in (without spaces). For example: EastUS')
@allowed([
  'EastUS'
  'EastUS2'
  'CentralUS'
  'NorthCentralUS'
  'SouthCentralUS'
  'WestCentralUS'
  'WestUS'
  'WestUS2'
  'CanadaEast'
  'CanadaCentral'
  'BrazilSouth'
  'NorthEurope'
  'WestEurope'
  'FranceCentral'
  'FranceSouth'
  'UKWest'
  'UKSouth'
  'GermanyCentral'
  'GermanyNortheast'
  'GermanyNorth'
  'GermanyWestCentral'
  'SwitzerlandNorth'
  'SwitzerlandWest'
  'NorwayEast'
  'NorwayWest'
  'SoutheastAsia'
  'EastAsia'
  'AustraliaEast'
  'AustraliaSoutheast'
  'AustraliaCentral'
  'AustraliaCentral2'
  'ChinaEast'
  'ChinaNorth'
  'ChinaEast2'
  'ChinaNorth2'
  'CentralIndia'
  'WestIndia'
  'SouthIndia'
  'JapanEast'
  'JapanWest'
  'KoreaCentral'
  'KoreaSouth'
  'SouthAfricaWest'
  'SouthAfricaNorth'
  'UAECentral'
  'UAENorth'
])
param targetResourceRegion string

@description('Resource type of target resources to be monitored.')
@minLength(1)
param targetResourceType string

@description('Name of the metric used in the comparison to activate the alert.')
@minLength(1)
param metricName string

@description('Operator comparing the current value with the threshold value.')
@allowed([
  'Equals'
  'GreaterThan'
  'GreaterThanOrEqual'
  'LessThan'
  'LessThanOrEqual'
])
param operator string = 'GreaterThan'

@description('The threshold value at which the alert is activated.')
param threshold string = '0'

@description('How the data that is collected should be combined over time.')
@allowed([
  'Average'
  'Minimum'
  'Maximum'
  'Total'
  'Count'
])
param timeAggregation string = 'Average'

@description('Period of time used to monitor alert activity based on the threshold. Must be between one minute and one day. ISO 8601 duration format.')
@allowed([
  'PT1M'
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
  'PT6H'
  'PT12H'
  'PT24H'
])
param windowSize string = 'PT5M'

@description('how often the metric alert is evaluated represented in ISO 8601 duration format')
@allowed([
  'PT1M'
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
])
param evaluationFrequency string = 'PT1M'

@description('The ID of the action group that is triggered when the alert is activated or deactivated')
param actionGroupId string = ''

resource metricAlert 'Microsoft.Insights/metricAlerts@2018-03-01' = {
  name: alertName
  location: 'global'
  properties: {
    description: alertDescription
    severity: alertSeverity
    enabled: isEnabled
    scopes: targetResourceGroup
    targetResourceType: targetResourceType
    targetResourceRegion: targetResourceRegion
    evaluationFrequency: evaluationFrequency
    windowSize: windowSize
    criteria: {
      'odata.type': 'Microsoft.Azure.Monitor.MultipleResourceMultipleMetricCriteria'
      allOf: [
        {
          name: '1st criterion'
          metricName: metricName
          dimensions: []
          operator: operator
          threshold: threshold
          timeAggregation: timeAggregation
          criterionType: 'StaticThresholdCriterion'
        }
      ]
    }
    actions: [
      {
        actionGroupId: actionGroupId
      }
    ]
  }
}

参数文件

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentParameters.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "alertName": {
      "value": "Multi-resource metric alert via Azure Resource Manager template"
    },
    "alertDescription": {
      "value": "New Multi-resource metric alert created via template"
    },
    "alertSeverity": {
      "value": 3
    },
    "isEnabled": {
      "value": true
    },
    "targetResourceGroup": {
      "value": [
        "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name1",
        "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name2"
      ]
    },
    "targetResourceRegion": {
      "value": "SouthCentralUS"
    },
    "targetResourceType": {
      "value": "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines"
    },
    "metricName": {
      "value": "Percentage CPU"
    },
    "operator": {
      "value": "GreaterThan"
    },
    "threshold": {
      "value": "0"
    },
    "timeAggregation": {
      "value": "Average"
    },
    "actionGroupId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name/providers/Microsoft.Insights/actionGroups/replace-with-action-group-name"
    }
  }
}

一个或多个资源组中所有虚拟机上的动态阈值警报

此示例将创建动态阈值指标警报规则,用于监视一个或多个资源组中的所有虚拟机(在单个 Azure 区域中)的 CPU 百分比。

模板文件

@description('Name of the alert')
@minLength(1)
param alertName string

@description('Description of alert')
param alertDescription string = 'This is a metric alert'

@description('Severity of alert {0,1,2,3,4}')
@allowed([
  0
  1
  2
  3
  4
])
param alertSeverity int = 3

@description('Specifies whether the alert is enabled')
param isEnabled bool = true

@description('Full path of the resource group(s) where target resources to be monitored are in. For example - /subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-0000-00000000/resourceGroups/ResourceGroupName')
@minLength(1)
param targetResourceGroup array

@description('Azure region in which target resources to be monitored are in (without spaces). For example: EastUS')
@allowed([
  'EastUS'
  'EastUS2'
  'CentralUS'
  'NorthCentralUS'
  'SouthCentralUS'
  'WestCentralUS'
  'WestUS'
  'WestUS2'
  'CanadaEast'
  'CanadaCentral'
  'BrazilSouth'
  'NorthEurope'
  'WestEurope'
  'FranceCentral'
  'FranceSouth'
  'UKWest'
  'UKSouth'
  'GermanyCentral'
  'GermanyNortheast'
  'GermanyNorth'
  'GermanyWestCentral'
  'SwitzerlandNorth'
  'SwitzerlandWest'
  'NorwayEast'
  'NorwayWest'
  'SoutheastAsia'
  'EastAsia'
  'AustraliaEast'
  'AustraliaSoutheast'
  'AustraliaCentral'
  'AustraliaCentral2'
  'ChinaEast'
  'ChinaNorth'
  'ChinaEast2'
  'ChinaNorth2'
  'CentralIndia'
  'WestIndia'
  'SouthIndia'
  'JapanEast'
  'JapanWest'
  'KoreaCentral'
  'KoreaSouth'
  'SouthAfricaWest'
  'SouthAfricaNorth'
  'UAECentral'
  'UAENorth'
])
param targetResourceRegion string

@description('Resource type of target resources to be monitored.')
@minLength(1)
param targetResourceType string

@description('Name of the metric used in the comparison to activate the alert.')
@minLength(1)
param metricName string

@description('Operator comparing the current value with the threshold value.')
@allowed([
  'GreaterThan'
  'LessThan'
  'GreaterOrLessThan'
])
param operator string = 'GreaterOrLessThan'

@description('Tunes how \'noisy\' the Dynamic Thresholds alerts will be: \'High\' will result in more alerts while \'Low\' will result in fewer alerts.')
@allowed([
  'High'
  'Medium'
  'Low'
])
param alertSensitivity string = 'Medium'

@description('The number of periods to check in the alert evaluation.')
param numberOfEvaluationPeriods int = 4

@description('The number of unhealthy periods to alert on (must be lower or equal to numberOfEvaluationPeriods).')
param minFailingPeriodsToAlert int = 3

@description('How the data that is collected should be combined over time.')
@allowed([
  'Average'
  'Minimum'
  'Maximum'
  'Total'
  'Count'
])
param timeAggregation string = 'Average'

@description('Period of time used to monitor alert activity based on the threshold. Must be between five minutes and one hour. ISO 8601 duration format.')
@allowed([
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param windowSize string = 'PT5M'

@description('how often the metric alert is evaluated represented in ISO 8601 duration format')
@allowed([
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param evaluationFrequency string = 'PT5M'

@description('The ID of the action group that is triggered when the alert is activated or deactivated')
param actionGroupId string = ''

resource metricAlert 'Microsoft.Insights/metricAlerts@2018-03-01' = {
  name: alertName
  location: 'global'
  properties: {
    description: alertDescription
    severity: alertSeverity
    enabled: isEnabled
    scopes: targetResourceGroup
    targetResourceType: targetResourceType
    targetResourceRegion: targetResourceRegion
    evaluationFrequency: evaluationFrequency
    windowSize: windowSize
    criteria: {
      'odata.type': 'Microsoft.Azure.Monitor.MultipleResourceMultipleMetricCriteria'
      allOf: [
        {
          criterionType: 'DynamicThresholdCriterion'
          name: '1st criterion'
          metricName: metricName
          dimensions: []
          operator: operator
          alertSensitivity: alertSensitivity
          failingPeriods: {
            numberOfEvaluationPeriods: numberOfEvaluationPeriods
            minFailingPeriodsToAlert: minFailingPeriodsToAlert
          }
          timeAggregation: timeAggregation
        }
      ]
    }
    actions: [
      {
        actionGroupId: actionGroupId
      }
    ]
  }
}

参数文件

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentParameters.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "alertName": {
      "value": "Multi-resource metric alert with Dynamic Thresholds via Azure Resource Manager template"
    },
    "alertDescription": {
      "value": "New Multi-resource metric alert with Dynamic Thresholds created via template"
    },
    "alertSeverity": {
      "value": 3
    },
    "isEnabled": {
      "value": true
    },
    "targetResourceGroup": {
      "value": [
        "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name1",
        "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name2"
      ]
    },
    "targetResourceRegion": {
      "value": "SouthCentralUS"
    },
    "targetResourceType": {
      "value": "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines"
    },
    "metricName": {
      "value": "Percentage CPU"
    },
    "operator": {
      "value": "GreaterOrLessThan"
    },
    "alertSensitivity": {
      "value": "Medium"
    },
    "numberOfEvaluationPeriods": {
      "value": "4"
    },
    "minFailingPeriodsToAlert": {
      "value": "3"
    },
    "timeAggregation": {
      "value": "Average"
    },
    "actionGroupId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name/providers/Microsoft.Insights/actionGroups/replace-with-action-group-name"
    }
  }
}

订阅中所有虚拟机上的静态阈值警报

此示例将创建静态阈值指标警报规则,用于监视单个订阅中的所有虚拟机(在单个 Azure 区域中)的 CPU 百分比。

模板文件

@description('Name of the alert')
@minLength(1)
param alertName string

@description('Description of alert')
param alertDescription string = 'This is a metric alert'

@description('Severity of alert {0,1,2,3,4}')
@allowed([
  0
  1
  2
  3
  4
])
param alertSeverity int = 3

@description('Specifies whether the alert is enabled')
param isEnabled bool = true

@description('Azure Resource Manager path up to subscription ID. For example - /subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-0000-00000000')
@minLength(1)
param targetSubscription string

@description('Azure region in which target resources to be monitored are in (without spaces). For example: EastUS')
@allowed([
  'EastUS'
  'EastUS2'
  'CentralUS'
  'NorthCentralUS'
  'SouthCentralUS'
  'WestCentralUS'
  'WestUS'
  'WestUS2'
  'CanadaEast'
  'CanadaCentral'
  'BrazilSouth'
  'NorthEurope'
  'WestEurope'
  'FranceCentral'
  'FranceSouth'
  'UKWest'
  'UKSouth'
  'GermanyCentral'
  'GermanyNortheast'
  'GermanyNorth'
  'GermanyWestCentral'
  'SwitzerlandNorth'
  'SwitzerlandWest'
  'NorwayEast'
  'NorwayWest'
  'SoutheastAsia'
  'EastAsia'
  'AustraliaEast'
  'AustraliaSoutheast'
  'AustraliaCentral'
  'AustraliaCentral2'
  'ChinaEast'
  'ChinaNorth'
  'ChinaEast2'
  'ChinaNorth2'
  'CentralIndia'
  'WestIndia'
  'SouthIndia'
  'JapanEast'
  'JapanWest'
  'KoreaCentral'
  'KoreaSouth'
  'SouthAfricaWest'
  'SouthAfricaNorth'
  'UAECentral'
  'UAENorth'
])
param targetResourceRegion string

@description('Resource type of target resources to be monitored.')
@minLength(1)
param targetResourceType string

@description('Name of the metric used in the comparison to activate the alert.')
@minLength(1)
param metricName string

@description('Operator comparing the current value with the threshold value.')
@allowed([
  'Equals'
  'GreaterThan'
  'GreaterThanOrEqual'
  'LessThan'
  'LessThanOrEqual'
])
param operator string = 'GreaterThan'

@description('The threshold value at which the alert is activated.')
param threshold string = '0'

@description('How the data that is collected should be combined over time.')
@allowed([
  'Average'
  'Minimum'
  'Maximum'
  'Total'
  'Count'
])
param timeAggregation string = 'Average'

@description('Period of time used to monitor alert activity based on the threshold. Must be between one minute and one day. ISO 8601 duration format.')
@allowed([
  'PT1M'
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
  'PT6H'
  'PT12H'
  'PT24H'
])
param windowSize string = 'PT5M'

@description('how often the metric alert is evaluated represented in ISO 8601 duration format')
@allowed([
  'PT1M'
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param evaluationFrequency string = 'PT1M'

@description('The ID of the action group that is triggered when the alert is activated or deactivated')
param actionGroupId string = ''

resource metricAlert 'Microsoft.Insights/metricAlerts@2018-03-01' = {
  name: alertName
  location: 'global'
  properties: {
    description: alertDescription
    severity: alertSeverity
    enabled: isEnabled
    scopes: [
      targetSubscription
    ]
    targetResourceType: targetResourceType
    targetResourceRegion: targetResourceRegion
    evaluationFrequency: evaluationFrequency
    windowSize: windowSize
    criteria: {
      'odata.type': 'Microsoft.Azure.Monitor.MultipleResourceMultipleMetricCriteria'
      allOf: [
        {
          name: '1st criterion'
          metricName: metricName
          dimensions: []
          operator: operator
          threshold: threshold
          timeAggregation: timeAggregation
          criterionType: 'StaticThresholdCriterion'
        }
      ]
    }
    actions: [
      {
        actionGroupId: actionGroupId
      }
    ]
  }
}

参数文件

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentParameters.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "alertName": {
      "value": "Multi-resource sub level metric alert via Azure Resource Manager template"
    },
    "alertDescription": {
      "value": "New Multi-resource sub level metric alert created via template"
    },
    "alertSeverity": {
      "value": 3
    },
    "isEnabled": {
      "value": true
    },
    "targetSubscription": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id"
    },
    "targetResourceRegion": {
      "value": "SouthCentralUS"
    },
    "targetResourceType": {
      "value": "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines"
    },
    "metricName": {
      "value": "Percentage CPU"
    },
    "operator": {
      "value": "GreaterThan"
    },
    "threshold": {
      "value": "0"
    },
    "timeAggregation": {
      "value": "Average"
    },
    "actionGroupId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name/providers/Microsoft.Insights/actionGroups/replace-with-action-group-name"
    }
  }
}

订阅中所有虚拟机上的动态阈值警报

此示例将创建动态阈值指标警报规则,用于监视单个订阅中的所有虚拟机(在单个 Azure 区域中)的 CPU 百分比。

模板文件

@description('Name of the alert')
@minLength(1)
param alertName string

@description('Description of alert')
param alertDescription string = 'This is a metric alert'

@description('Severity of alert {0,1,2,3,4}')
@allowed([
  0
  1
  2
  3
  4
])
param alertSeverity int = 3

@description('Specifies whether the alert is enabled')
param isEnabled bool = true

@description('Azure Resource Manager path up to subscription ID. For example - /subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-0000-00000000')
@minLength(1)
param targetSubscription string

@description('Azure region in which target resources to be monitored are in (without spaces). For example: EastUS')
@allowed([
  'EastUS'
  'EastUS2'
  'CentralUS'
  'NorthCentralUS'
  'SouthCentralUS'
  'WestCentralUS'
  'WestUS'
  'WestUS2'
  'CanadaEast'
  'CanadaCentral'
  'BrazilSouth'
  'NorthEurope'
  'WestEurope'
  'FranceCentral'
  'FranceSouth'
  'UKWest'
  'UKSouth'
  'GermanyCentral'
  'GermanyNortheast'
  'GermanyNorth'
  'GermanyWestCentral'
  'SwitzerlandNorth'
  'SwitzerlandWest'
  'NorwayEast'
  'NorwayWest'
  'SoutheastAsia'
  'EastAsia'
  'AustraliaEast'
  'AustraliaSoutheast'
  'AustraliaCentral'
  'AustraliaCentral2'
  'ChinaEast'
  'ChinaNorth'
  'ChinaEast2'
  'ChinaNorth2'
  'CentralIndia'
  'WestIndia'
  'SouthIndia'
  'JapanEast'
  'JapanWest'
  'KoreaCentral'
  'KoreaSouth'
  'SouthAfricaWest'
  'SouthAfricaNorth'
  'UAECentral'
  'UAENorth'
])
param targetResourceRegion string

@description('Resource type of target resources to be monitored.')
@minLength(1)
param targetResourceType string

@description('Name of the metric used in the comparison to activate the alert.')
@minLength(1)
param metricName string

@description('Operator comparing the current value with the threshold value.')
@allowed([
  'GreaterThan'
  'LessThan'
  'GreaterOrLessThan'
])
param operator string = 'GreaterOrLessThan'

@description('Tunes how \'noisy\' the Dynamic Thresholds alerts will be: \'High\' will result in more alerts while \'Low\' will result in fewer alerts.')
@allowed([
  'High'
  'Medium'
  'Low'
])
param alertSensitivity string = 'Medium'

@description('The number of periods to check in the alert evaluation.')
param numberOfEvaluationPeriods int = 4

@description('The number of unhealthy periods to alert on (must be lower or equal to numberOfEvaluationPeriods).')
param minFailingPeriodsToAlert int = 3

@description('How the data that is collected should be combined over time.')
@allowed([
  'Average'
  'Minimum'
  'Maximum'
  'Total'
  'Count'
])
param timeAggregation string = 'Average'

@description('Period of time used to monitor alert activity based on the threshold. Must be between five minutes and one hour. ISO 8601 duration format.')
@allowed([
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param windowSize string = 'PT5M'

@description('how often the metric alert is evaluated represented in ISO 8601 duration format')
@allowed([
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param evaluationFrequency string = 'PT5M'

@description('The ID of the action group that is triggered when the alert is activated or deactivated')
param actionGroupId string = ''

resource metricAlert 'Microsoft.Insights/metricAlerts@2018-03-01' = {
  name: alertName
  location: 'global'
  properties: {
    description: alertDescription
    severity: alertSeverity
    enabled: isEnabled
    scopes: [
      targetSubscription
    ]
    targetResourceType: targetResourceType
    targetResourceRegion: targetResourceRegion
    evaluationFrequency: evaluationFrequency
    windowSize: windowSize
    criteria: {
      'odata.type': 'Microsoft.Azure.Monitor.MultipleResourceMultipleMetricCriteria'
      allOf: [
        {
          criterionType: 'DynamicThresholdCriterion'
          name: '1st criterion'
          metricName: metricName
          dimensions: []
          operator: operator
          alertSensitivity: alertSensitivity
          failingPeriods: {
            numberOfEvaluationPeriods: numberOfEvaluationPeriods
            minFailingPeriodsToAlert: minFailingPeriodsToAlert
          }
          timeAggregation: timeAggregation
        }
      ]
    }
    actions: [
      {
        actionGroupId: actionGroupId
      }
    ]
  }
}

参数文件

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentParameters.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "alertName": {
      "value": "Multi-resource sub level metric alert with Dynamic Thresholds via Azure Resource Manager template"
    },
    "alertDescription": {
      "value": "New Multi-resource sub level metric alert with Dynamic Thresholds created via template"
    },
    "alertSeverity": {
      "value": 3
    },
    "isEnabled": {
      "value": true
    },
    "targetSubscription": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id"
    },
    "targetResourceRegion": {
      "value": "SouthCentralUS"
    },
    "targetResourceType": {
      "value": "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines"
    },
    "metricName": {
      "value": "Percentage CPU"
    },
    "operator": {
      "value": "GreaterOrLessThan"
    },
    "alertSensitivity": {
      "value": "Medium"
    },
    "numberOfEvaluationPeriods": {
      "value": "4"
    },
    "minFailingPeriodsToAlert": {
      "value": "3"
    },
    "timeAggregation": {
      "value": "Average"
    },
    "actionGroupId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name/providers/Microsoft.Insights/actionGroups/replace-with-action-group-name"
    }
  }
}

虚拟机列表上的静态阈值警报

此示例将创建静态阈值指标警报规则,用于监视单个订阅中的虚拟机(在单个 Azure 区域中)列表的 CPU 百分比。

模板文件

@description('Name of the alert')
@minLength(1)
param alertName string

@description('Description of alert')
param alertDescription string = 'This is a metric alert'

@description('Severity of alert {0,1,2,3,4}')
@allowed([
  0
  1
  2
  3
  4
])
param alertSeverity int = 3

@description('Specifies whether the alert is enabled')
param isEnabled bool = true

@description('array of Azure resource Ids. For example - /subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-0000-00000000/resourceGroup/resource-group-name/Microsoft.compute/virtualMachines/vm-name')
@minLength(1)
param targetResourceId array

@description('Azure region in which target resources to be monitored are in (without spaces). For example: EastUS')
@allowed([
  'EastUS'
  'EastUS2'
  'CentralUS'
  'NorthCentralUS'
  'SouthCentralUS'
  'WestCentralUS'
  'WestUS'
  'WestUS2'
  'CanadaEast'
  'CanadaCentral'
  'BrazilSouth'
  'NorthEurope'
  'WestEurope'
  'FranceCentral'
  'FranceSouth'
  'UKWest'
  'UKSouth'
  'GermanyCentral'
  'GermanyNortheast'
  'GermanyNorth'
  'GermanyWestCentral'
  'SwitzerlandNorth'
  'SwitzerlandWest'
  'NorwayEast'
  'NorwayWest'
  'SoutheastAsia'
  'EastAsia'
  'AustraliaEast'
  'AustraliaSoutheast'
  'AustraliaCentral'
  'AustraliaCentral2'
  'ChinaEast'
  'ChinaNorth'
  'ChinaEast2'
  'ChinaNorth2'
  'CentralIndia'
  'WestIndia'
  'SouthIndia'
  'JapanEast'
  'JapanWest'
  'KoreaCentral'
  'KoreaSouth'
  'SouthAfricaWest'
  'SouthAfricaNorth'
  'UAECentral'
  'UAENorth'
])
param targetResourceRegion string

@description('Resource type of target resources to be monitored.')
@minLength(1)
param targetResourceType string

@description('Name of the metric used in the comparison to activate the alert.')
@minLength(1)
param metricName string

@description('Operator comparing the current value with the threshold value.')
@allowed([
  'Equals'
  'GreaterThan'
  'GreaterThanOrEqual'
  'LessThan'
  'LessThanOrEqual'
])
param operator string = 'GreaterThan'

@description('The threshold value at which the alert is activated.')
param threshold string = '0'

@description('How the data that is collected should be combined over time.')
@allowed([
  'Average'
  'Minimum'
  'Maximum'
  'Total'
  'Count'
])
param timeAggregation string = 'Average'

@description('Period of time used to monitor alert activity based on the threshold. Must be between one minute and one day. ISO 8601 duration format.')
@allowed([
  'PT1M'
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
  'PT6H'
  'PT12H'
  'PT24H'
])
param windowSize string = 'PT5M'

@description('how often the metric alert is evaluated represented in ISO 8601 duration format')
@allowed([
  'PT1M'
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param evaluationFrequency string = 'PT1M'

@description('The ID of the action group that is triggered when the alert is activated or deactivated')
param actionGroupId string = ''

resource metricAlert 'Microsoft.Insights/metricAlerts@2018-03-01' = {
  name: alertName
  location: 'global'
  properties: {
    description: alertDescription
    severity: alertSeverity
    enabled: isEnabled
    scopes: targetResourceId
    targetResourceType: targetResourceType
    targetResourceRegion: targetResourceRegion
    evaluationFrequency: evaluationFrequency
    windowSize: windowSize
    criteria: {
      'odata.type': 'Microsoft.Azure.Monitor.MultipleResourceMultipleMetricCriteria'
      allOf: [
        {
          name: '1st criterion'
          metricName: metricName
          dimensions: []
          operator: operator
          threshold: threshold
          timeAggregation: timeAggregation
          criterionType: 'StaticThresholdCriterion'
        }
      ]
    }
    actions: [
      {
        actionGroupId: actionGroupId
      }
    ]
  }
}

参数文件

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentParameters.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "alertName": {
      "value": "Multi-resource metric alert by list via Azure Resource Manager template"
    },
    "alertDescription": {
      "value": "New Multi-resource metric alert by list created via template"
    },
    "alertSeverity": {
      "value": 3
    },
    "isEnabled": {
      "value": true
    },
    "targetResourceId": {
      "value": [
        "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name1/Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/replace-with-vm-name1",
        "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name2/Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/replace-with-vm-name2"
      ]
    },
    "targetResourceRegion": {
      "value": "SouthCentralUS"
    },
    "targetResourceType": {
      "value": "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines"
    },
    "metricName": {
      "value": "Percentage CPU"
    },
    "operator": {
      "value": "GreaterThan"
    },
    "threshold": {
      "value": "0"
    },
    "timeAggregation": {
      "value": "Average"
    },
    "actionGroupId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name/providers/Microsoft.Insights/actionGroups/replace-with-action-group-name"
    }
  }
}

虚拟机列表上的动态阈值警报

此示例将创建动态阈值指标警报规则,用于监视单个订阅中的虚拟机(在单个 Azure 区域中)列表的 CPU 百分比。

模板文件

@description('Name of the alert')
@minLength(1)
param alertName string

@description('Description of alert')
param alertDescription string = 'This is a metric alert'

@description('Severity of alert {0,1,2,3,4}')
@allowed([
  0
  1
  2
  3
  4
])
param alertSeverity int = 3

@description('Specifies whether the alert is enabled')
param isEnabled bool = true

@description('array of Azure resource Ids. For example - /subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-0000-00000000/resourceGroup/resource-group-name/Microsoft.compute/virtualMachines/vm-name')
@minLength(1)
param targetResourceId array

@description('Azure region in which target resources to be monitored are in (without spaces). For example: EastUS')
@allowed([
  'EastUS'
  'EastUS2'
  'CentralUS'
  'NorthCentralUS'
  'SouthCentralUS'
  'WestCentralUS'
  'WestUS'
  'WestUS2'
  'CanadaEast'
  'CanadaCentral'
  'BrazilSouth'
  'NorthEurope'
  'WestEurope'
  'FranceCentral'
  'FranceSouth'
  'UKWest'
  'UKSouth'
  'GermanyCentral'
  'GermanyNortheast'
  'GermanyNorth'
  'GermanyWestCentral'
  'SwitzerlandNorth'
  'SwitzerlandWest'
  'NorwayEast'
  'NorwayWest'
  'SoutheastAsia'
  'EastAsia'
  'AustraliaEast'
  'AustraliaSoutheast'
  'AustraliaCentral'
  'AustraliaCentral2'
  'ChinaEast'
  'ChinaNorth'
  'ChinaEast2'
  'ChinaNorth2'
  'CentralIndia'
  'WestIndia'
  'SouthIndia'
  'JapanEast'
  'JapanWest'
  'KoreaCentral'
  'KoreaSouth'
  'SouthAfricaWest'
  'SouthAfricaNorth'
  'UAECentral'
  'UAENorth'
])
param targetResourceRegion string

@description('Resource type of target resources to be monitored.')
@minLength(1)
param targetResourceType string

@description('Name of the metric used in the comparison to activate the alert.')
@minLength(1)
param metricName string

@description('Operator comparing the current value with the threshold value.')
@allowed([
  'GreaterThan'
  'LessThan'
  'GreaterOrLessThan'
])
param operator string = 'GreaterOrLessThan'

@description('Tunes how \'noisy\' the Dynamic Thresholds alerts will be: \'High\' will result in more alerts while \'Low\' will result in fewer alerts.')
@allowed([
  'High'
  'Medium'
  'Low'
])
param alertSensitivity string = 'Medium'

@description('The number of periods to check in the alert evaluation.')
param numberOfEvaluationPeriods int = 4

@description('The number of unhealthy periods to alert on (must be lower or equal to numberOfEvaluationPeriods).')
param minFailingPeriodsToAlert int = 3

@description('How the data that is collected should be combined over time.')
@allowed([
  'Average'
  'Minimum'
  'Maximum'
  'Total'
  'Count'
])
param timeAggregation string = 'Average'

@description('Period of time used to monitor alert activity based on the threshold. Must be between five minutes and one hour. ISO 8601 duration format.')
@allowed([
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param windowSize string = 'PT5M'

@description('how often the metric alert is evaluated represented in ISO 8601 duration format')
@allowed([
  'PT5M'
  'PT15M'
  'PT30M'
  'PT1H'
])
param evaluationFrequency string = 'PT5M'

@description('The ID of the action group that is triggered when the alert is activated or deactivated')
param actionGroupId string = ''

resource metricAlert 'Microsoft.Insights/metricAlerts@2018-03-01' = {
  name: alertName
  location: 'global'
  properties: {
    description: alertDescription
    severity: alertSeverity
    enabled: isEnabled
    scopes: targetResourceId
    targetResourceType: targetResourceType
    targetResourceRegion: targetResourceRegion
    evaluationFrequency: evaluationFrequency
    windowSize: windowSize
    criteria: {
      'odata.type': 'Microsoft.Azure.Monitor.MultipleResourceMultipleMetricCriteria'
      allOf: [
        {
          criterionType: 'DynamicThresholdCriterion'
          name: '1st criterion'
          metricName: metricName
          dimensions: []
          operator: operator
          alertSensitivity: alertSensitivity
          failingPeriods: {
            numberOfEvaluationPeriods: numberOfEvaluationPeriods
            minFailingPeriodsToAlert: minFailingPeriodsToAlert
          }
          timeAggregation: timeAggregation
        }
      ]
    }
    actions: [
      {
        actionGroupId: actionGroupId
      }
    ]
  }
}

参数文件

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentParameters.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "alertName": {
      "value": "Multi-resource metric alert with Dynamic Thresholds by list via Azure Resource Manager template"
    },
    "alertDescription": {
      "value": "New Multi-resource metric alert with Dynamic Thresholds by list created via template"
    },
    "alertSeverity": {
      "value": 3
    },
    "isEnabled": {
      "value": true
    },
    "targetResourceId": {
      "value": [
        "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name1/Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/replace-with-vm-name1",
        "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name2/Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/replace-with-vm-name2"
      ]
    },
    "targetResourceRegion": {
      "value": "SouthCentralUS"
    },
    "targetResourceType": {
      "value": "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines"
    },
    "metricName": {
      "value": "Percentage CPU"
    },
    "operator": {
      "value": "GreaterOrLessThan"
    },
    "alertSensitivity": {
      "value": "Medium"
    },
    "numberOfEvaluationPeriods": {
      "value": "4"
    },
    "minFailingPeriodsToAlert": {
      "value": "3"
    },
    "timeAggregation": {
      "value": "Average"
    },
    "actionGroupId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resource-group-name/providers/Microsoft.Insights/actionGroups/replace-with-action-group-name"
    }
  }
}

具有指标警报的可用性测试

Application Insights 可用性测试可帮助监视全球各地的网站/应用程序的可用性。 当可用性测试在一定数量的位置失败时,可用性测试警报会通知你。 可用性测试会对与指标警报 (Microsoft.Insights/metricAlerts) 相同的资源类型发出警报。 以下示例将创建一个简单的可用性测试和相关警报。

注意

& 是 & 的 HTML 实体引用。 URL 参数仍由单个 & 分隔,但如果在 HTML 中提到 URL,则需要对其进行编码。 因此,如果 pingURL 参数值中包含“&”,则必须使用“&”对其进行转义。

模板文件

param appName string
param pingURL string
param pingText string = ''
param actionGroupId string
param location string

var pingTestName = 'PingTest-${toLower(appName)}'
var pingAlertRuleName = 'PingAlert-${toLower(appName)}-${subscription().subscriptionId}'

resource pingTest 'Microsoft.Insights/webtests@2020-10-05-preview' = {
  name: pingTestName
  location: location
  tags: {
    'hidden-link:${resourceId('Microsoft.Insights/components', appName)}': 'Resource'
  }
  properties: {
    Name: pingTestName
    Description: 'Basic ping test'
    Enabled: true
    Frequency: 300
    Timeout: 120
    Kind: 'ping'
    RetryEnabled: true
    Locations: [
      {
        Id: 'us-va-ash-azr'
      }
      {
        Id: 'emea-nl-ams-azr'
      }
      {
        Id: 'apac-jp-kaw-edge'
      }
    ]
    Configuration: {
      WebTest: '<WebTest   Name="${pingTestName}"   Enabled="True"         CssProjectStructure=""    CssIteration=""  Timeout="120"  WorkItemIds=""         xmlns="http://microsoft.com/schemas/VisualStudio/TeamTest/2010"         Description=""  CredentialUserName=""  CredentialPassword=""         PreAuthenticate="True"  Proxy="default"  StopOnError="False"         RecordedResultFile=""  ResultsLocale="">  <Items>  <Request Method="GET"    Version="1.1"  Url="${pingURL}" ThinkTime="0"  Timeout="300" ParseDependentRequests="True"         FollowRedirects="True" RecordResult="True" Cache="False"         ResponseTimeGoal="0"  Encoding="utf-8"  ExpectedHttpStatusCode="200"         ExpectedResponseUrl="" ReportingName="" IgnoreHttpStatusCode="False" />        </Items>  <ValidationRules> <ValidationRule  Classname="Microsoft.VisualStudio.TestTools.WebTesting.Rules.ValidationRuleFindText, Microsoft.VisualStudio.QualityTools.WebTestFramework, Version=10.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a" DisplayName="Find Text"         Description="Verifies the existence of the specified text in the response."         Level="High"  ExecutionOrder="BeforeDependents">  <RuleParameters>        <RuleParameter Name="FindText" Value="${pingText}" />  <RuleParameter Name="IgnoreCase" Value="False" />  <RuleParameter Name="UseRegularExpression" Value="False" />  <RuleParameter Name="PassIfTextFound" Value="True" />  </RuleParameters> </ValidationRule>  </ValidationRules>  </WebTest>'
    }
    SyntheticMonitorId: pingTestName
  }
}

resource metricAlert 'Microsoft.Insights/metricAlerts@2018-03-01' = {
  name: pingAlertRuleName
  location: 'global'
  tags: {
    'hidden-link:${resourceId('Microsoft.Insights/components', appName)}': 'Resource'
    'hidden-link:${pingTest.id}': 'Resource'
  }
  properties: {
    description: 'Alert for web test'
    severity: 1
    enabled: true
    scopes: [
      pingTest.id
      resourceId('Microsoft.Insights/components', appName)
    ]
    evaluationFrequency: 'PT1M'
    windowSize: 'PT5M'
    criteria: {
      'odata.type': 'Microsoft.Azure.Monitor.WebtestLocationAvailabilityCriteria'
      webTestId: pingTest.id
      componentId: resourceId('Microsoft.Insights/components', appName)
      failedLocationCount: 2
    }
    actions: [
      {
        actionGroupId: actionGroupId
      }
    ]
  }
}

参数文件

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentParameters.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "appName": {
      "value": "Replace with your Application Insights resource name"
    },
    "pingURL": {
      "value": "https://www.yoursite.com"
    },
    "actionGroupId": {
      "value": "/subscriptions/replace-with-subscription-id/resourceGroups/replace-with-resourceGroup-name/providers/microsoft.insights/actiongroups/replace-with-action-group-name"
    },
    "location": {
      "value": "Replace with the location of your Application Insights resource"
    },
    "pingText": {
      "defaultValue": "Optional parameter that allows you to perform a content-match for the presence of a specific string within the content returned from a pingURL response",
      "type": "String"
    },
  }
}

内容匹配 pingText 参数的其他配置在模板文件的 Configuration/Webtest 部分进行控制。 特别是以下部分:

<RuleParameter Name=\"FindText\" Value=\"',parameters('pingText'), '\" />
<RuleParameter Name=\"IgnoreCase\" Value=\"False\" />
<RuleParameter Name=\"UseRegularExpression\" Value=\"False\" />
<RuleParameter Name=\"PassIfTextFound\" Value=\"True\" />

测试位置

ID 区域
emea-nl-ams-azr 西欧
us-ca-sjc-azr 美国西部
emea-ru-msa-edge 英国南部
emea-se-sto-edge 英国西部
apac-sg-sin-azr 东南亚
us-tx-sn1-azr 美国中南部
us-il-ch1-azr 美国中北部
emea-gb-db3-azr 北欧
apac-jp-kaw-edge 日本东部
emea-fr-pra-edge 法国中部
emea-ch-zrh-edge 法国南部
us-va-ash-azr 美国东部
apac-hk-hkn-azr 东亚
us-fl-mia-edge Central US
latam-br-gru-edge 巴西南部
emea-au-syd-edge 澳大利亚东部

美国政府测试位置

ID 区域
usgov-va-azr USGov Virginia
usgov-phx-azr USGov Arizona
usgov-tx-azr USGov Texas
usgov-ddeast-azr USDoD East
usgov-ddcentral-azr USDoD Central

后续步骤