以编程方式提取包含查询的工作项

Azure DevOps Services

一种常见的Azure DevOps Services是使用查询提取工作项。 本文详细介绍如何使用 REST API 或 .NET 客户端库以编程方式实现该方案。

先决条件

必须具有以下项:

在 Visual Studio

若要了解 C# 编程Visual Studio,请参阅 Visual Studio C# 编程文档

C# 代码内容

以下代码示例中将执行以下任务:

  1. Authenticate
    1. 使用 PAT 创建凭据
    2. 生成客户端
  2. 获取工作项
    1. 创建想要使用的查询
    2. 获取该查询的结果
    3. 按 ID 获取每个工作项

C# 代码片段

// nuget:Microsoft.TeamFoundationServer.Client
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

using Microsoft.TeamFoundation.WorkItemTracking.WebApi;
using Microsoft.TeamFoundation.WorkItemTracking.WebApi.Models;
using Microsoft.VisualStudio.Services.Common;

public class QueryExecutor
{
    private readonly Uri uri;
    private readonly string personalAccessToken;

    /// <summary>
    ///     Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="QueryExecutor" /> class.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="orgName">
    ///     An organization in Azure DevOps Services. If you don't have one, you can create one for free:
    ///     <see href="https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=307137" />.
    /// </param>
    /// <param name="personalAccessToken">
    ///     A Personal Access Token, find out how to create one:
    ///     <see href="/azure/devops/organizations/accounts/use-personal-access-tokens-to-authenticate?view=azure-devops" />.
    /// </param>
    public QueryExecutor(string orgName, string personalAccessToken)
    {
        this.uri = new Uri("https://dev.azure.com/" + orgName);
        this.personalAccessToken = personalAccessToken;
    }

    /// <summary>
    ///     Execute a WIQL (Work Item Query Language) query to return a list of open bugs.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="project">The name of your project within your organization.</param>
    /// <returns>A list of <see cref="WorkItem"/> objects representing all the open bugs.</returns>
    public async Task<IList<WorkItem>> QueryOpenBugs(string project)
    {
        var credentials = new VssBasicCredential(string.Empty, this.personalAccessToken);

        // create a wiql object and build our query
        var wiql = new Wiql()
        {
            // NOTE: Even if other columns are specified, only the ID & URL are available in the WorkItemReference
            Query = "Select [Id] " +
                    "From WorkItems " +
                    "Where [Work Item Type] = 'Bug' " +
                    "And [System.TeamProject] = '" + project + "' " +
                    "And [System.State] <> 'Closed' " +
                    "Order By [State] Asc, [Changed Date] Desc",
        };

        // create instance of work item tracking http client
        using (var httpClient = new WorkItemTrackingHttpClient(this.uri, credentials))
        {
            // execute the query to get the list of work items in the results
            var result = await httpClient.QueryByWiqlAsync(wiql).ConfigureAwait(false);
            var ids = result.WorkItems.Select(item => item.Id).ToArray();

            // some error handling
            if (ids.Length == 0)
            {
                return Array.Empty<WorkItem>();
            }

            // build a list of the fields we want to see
            var fields = new[] { "System.Id", "System.Title", "System.State" };

            // get work items for the ids found in query
            return await httpClient.GetWorkItemsAsync(ids, fields, result.AsOf).ConfigureAwait(false);
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    ///     Execute a WIQL (Work Item Query Language) query to print a list of open bugs.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="project">The name of your project within your organization.</param>
    /// <returns>An async task.</returns>
    public async Task PrintOpenBugsAsync(string project)
    {
        var workItems = await this.QueryOpenBugs(project).ConfigureAwait(false);

        Console.WriteLine("Query Results: {0} items found", workItems.Count);

        // loop though work items and write to console
        foreach (var workItem in workItems)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(
                "{0}\t{1}\t{2}",
                workItem.Id,
                workItem.Fields["System.Title"],
                workItem.Fields["System.State"]);
        }
    }
}