获取虚拟机 DNS 名称

以下 C# 和 Visual Basic Scripting Edition (VBScript) 示例检索虚拟机的 DNS 名称。

若要运行此示例代码,必须安装客户端集成服务,并且客户端操作系统必须正在运行。

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml.XPath;
using System.Management;


// exchangeDataItem xml document sample instance
//
//<INSTANCE CLASSNAME="Msvm_KvpExchangeDataItem">
//      <PROPERTY NAME="Caption" PROPAGATED="true" TYPE="string"></PROPERTY>
//      <PROPERTY NAME="Data" TYPE="string">
//         <VALUE>AUTOBVT-4OVYXAB</VALUE>
//      </PROPERTY>
//      <PROPERTY NAME="Description" PROPAGATED="true" TYPE="string"></PROPERTY>
//      <PROPERTY NAME="ElementName" PROPAGATED="true" TYPE="string"></PROPERTY>
//      <PROPERTY NAME="Name" TYPE="string">
//         <VALUE>FullyQualifiedDomainName</VALUE>
//      </PROPERTY>
//      <PROPERTY NAME="Source" TYPE="uint16">
//          <VALUE>2</VALUE>
//      </PROPERTY>
//</INSTANCE>        



namespace HyperVSamples
{
    class GetVirtualMachineDNSName
    {
        static bool VMRunning(ManagementObject vm)
        {
            const int Enabled = 2;

            bool running = false;

            foreach (UInt16 operationStatus in (UInt16[])vm["OperationalStatus"])
            {
                if (operationStatus == Enabled)
                {
                    running = true;
                    break;
                }
            }

            return running;
        }

        static void GetVirtualSystemDNS(string vmName)
        {
            ManagementScope scope = new ManagementScope(@"root\virtualization\v2", null);

            string query = String.Format("select * from Msvm_ComputerSystem where ElementName = '{0}'", vmName);

            ManagementObjectSearcher searcher = new ManagementObjectSearcher(scope, new ObjectQuery(query));

            ManagementObjectCollection vms = searcher.Get();

            foreach (ManagementObject vm in vms)
            {
                if (VMRunning(vm))
                {
                    ManagementObjectCollection kvpExchangeComponents = vm.GetRelated("Msvm_KvpExchangeComponent");
                    if (kvpExchangeComponents.Count != 1)
                    {
                        throw new Exception(String.Format("{0} instance of Msvm_KvpExchangeComponent was found", kvpExchangeComponents.Count));
                    }

                    foreach (ManagementObject kvpExchangeComponent in kvpExchangeComponents)
                    {
                        foreach (string exchangeDataItem in (string[])kvpExchangeComponent["GuestIntrinsicExchangeItems"])
                        {
                            XPathDocument xpathDoc = new XPathDocument(new StringReader(exchangeDataItem));
                            XPathNavigator navigator = xpathDoc.CreateNavigator();
                            navigator = navigator.SelectSingleNode("/INSTANCE/PROPERTY[@NAME='Name']/VALUE[child::text() = 'FullyQualifiedDomainName']");
                            if (navigator != null)
                            {
                                navigator = navigator.SelectSingleNode("/INSTANCE/PROPERTY[@NAME='Data']/VALUE/child::text()");
                                Console.WriteLine("Virtual machine {0} DNS name is: {1}", vmName, navigator.Value);
                                break;
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Unable to retrieve virtual machine DNS name. VM {0} is not in running state", vmName);
                }
            }
        }

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            if (args != null && args.Length != 1)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Usage: GetVirtualMachineDNSName vmName");
                return;
            }
            GetVirtualSystemDNS(args[0]);
        }
    }
}

option explicit 

dim objWMIService
dim fileSystem

const Enabled = 2


Main()

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Main routine
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Sub Main()

    dim computer, objArgs, computerSystem, vmName
    
    set fileSystem = Wscript.CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")

    computer = "."
    set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:\\" & computer & "\root\virtualization\v2")

    set objArgs = WScript.Arguments
    if WScript.Arguments.Count = 1 then
       vmName= objArgs.Unnamed.Item(0)
    else
       WScript.Echo "usage: cscript GetVirtualMachineDNSName.vbs vmName"
       WScript.Quit
    end if
    
    if GetVirtualSystemDNS(vmName) then
        WriteLog "Done"
        WScript.Quit(0)
    else
        WriteLog "GetVirtualMachineDNSName failed"
        WScript.Quit(1)
    end if

End Sub

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Check if virtual machine is running
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Function VMRunning(computerSystem)
    dim operationStatus

    VMRunning = false
    
    for each operationStatus in computerSystem.OperationalStatus
        if operationStatus = Enabled then
            VMRunning = true
            exit function
        end if
    next

End Function

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' GetVirtualSystemDNS
'
' exchangeDataItem xml document sample instance
'
' <INSTANCE CLASSNAME="Msvm_KvpExchangeDataItem">
'      <PROPERTY NAME="Caption" PROPAGATED="true" TYPE="string"></PROPERTY>
'      <PROPERTY NAME="Data" TYPE="string">
'         <VALUE>AUTOBVT-4OVYXAB</VALUE>
'      </PROPERTY>
'      <PROPERTY NAME="Description" PROPAGATED="true" TYPE="string"></PROPERTY>
'      <PROPERTY NAME="ElementName" PROPAGATED="true" TYPE="string"></PROPERTY>
'      <PROPERTY NAME="Name" TYPE="string">
'         <VALUE>FullyQualifiedDomainName</VALUE>
'      </PROPERTY>
'      <PROPERTY NAME="Source" TYPE="uint16">
'          <VALUE>2</VALUE>
'      </PROPERTY>
' </INSTANCE>           
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Function GetVirtualSystemDNS(vmName)
    dim objXMLDoc, query , kvpExchangeComponents, kvpExchangeComponent, vm, vms
    dim exchangeDataItem, xpath, node
    GetVirtualSystemDNS = false
    set objXMLDoc = CreateObject("Microsoft.XMLDOM") 
    objXMLDoc.async = False 

    query = Format1("select * from Msvm_ComputerSystem where ElementName = '{0}'", vmName)
    set vms = objWMIService.ExecQuery(query)
    for each vm in vms
        if VMRunning(vm) then
            query = Format1("ASSOCIATORS OF {{0}} WHERE resultClass = Msvm_KvpExchangeComponent", vm.Path_.Path)
            set kvpExchangeComponents = objWMIService.ExecQuery(query)
            if kvpExchangeComponents.Count <> 1 then
                WriteLog Format1("{0} instance of Msvm_KvpExchangeComponent was found", kvpExchangeComponents.Count)
                WScript.Quit(1)
            end if
            
            set kvpExchangeComponent = kvpExchangeComponents.ItemIndex(0)
            for each exchangeDataItem in kvpExchangeComponent.GuestIntrinsicExchangeItems
                objXMLDoc.loadXML(exchangeDataItem) 
                xpath = "/INSTANCE/PROPERTY[@NAME='Name']/VALUE[child:text() = 'FullyQualifiedDomainName']"
                set node = objXMLDoc.selectSingleNode(xpath) 
                if Not (node Is Nothing) then
                    xpath = "/INSTANCE/PROPERTY[@NAME='Data']/VALUE/child:text()"
                    set node = objXMLDoc.selectSingleNode(xpath) 
                    WriteLog Format2("Virtual machine {0} DNS name is: {1}", vmName, node.Text)
                end if
            next
        else
            WriteLog Format1("Unable to retrieve virtual machine DNS name. VM {0} is not in running state", vmName)
            WScript.Quit(1)
        end if
    next 
    
    GetVirtualSystemDNS = true

End Function

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Create the console log files.
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Sub WriteLog(line)
    dim fileStream
    set fileStream = fileSystem.OpenTextFile(".\GetVirtualSystemDNSName.log", 8, true)
    WScript.Echo line
    fileStream.WriteLine line
    fileStream.Close

End Sub


'------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' The string formatting functions to avoid string concatenation.
'------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Function Format2(myString, arg0, arg1)
    Format2 = Format1(myString, arg0)
    Format2 = Replace(Format2, "{1}", arg1)
End Function

'------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' The string formatting functions to avoid string concatenation.
'------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Function Format1(myString, arg0)
    Format1 = Replace(myString, "{0}", arg0)
End Function

V2) 虚拟化 (示例的常见实用工具

Msvm_ComputerSystem

Msvm_KvpExchangeComponent