String.IsNormalized Methode

Definition

Gibt an, ob diese Zeichenfolge in einer bestimmten Unicode-Normalisierungsform vorliegt.

Überlädt

IsNormalized(NormalizationForm)

Gibt an, ob diese Zeichenfolge in der angegebenen Unicode-Normalisierungsform vorliegt.

IsNormalized()

Gibt an, ob diese Zeichenfolge in der Unicode-Normalisierungsform C vorliegt.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird bestimmt, ob eine Zeichenfolge erfolgreich in verschiedene Normalisierungsformen normalisiert wird.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;

void Show( String^ title, String^ s )
{
   Console::Write( "Characters in string {0} = ", title );
   for each (short x in s) {
      Console::Write("{0:X4} ", x);
   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Character c; combining characters acute and cedilla; character 3/4
   array<Char>^temp0 = {L'c',L'\u0301',L'\u0327',L'\u00BE'};
   String^ s1 = gcnew String( temp0 );
   String^ s2 = nullptr;
   String^ divider = gcnew String( '-',80 );
   divider = String::Concat( Environment::NewLine, divider, Environment::NewLine );

   Show( "s1", s1 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS" );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   Console::WriteLine( "A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: {0}", s1->IsNormalized() );
   Console::WriteLine( "A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  {0}", s1->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormC ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  {0}", s1->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormD ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: {0}", s1->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormKC ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: {0}", s1->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormKD ) );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   Console::WriteLine( "Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1." );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0033 = DIGIT THREE" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR" );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   s2 = s1->Normalize();
   Console::Write( "B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized() );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   s2 = s1->Normalize( NormalizationForm::FormC );
   Console::Write( "B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormC ) );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   s2 = s1->Normalize( NormalizationForm::FormD );
   Console::Write( "B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormD ) );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   s2 = s1->Normalize( NormalizationForm::FormKC );
   Console::Write( "B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormKC ) );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   s2 = s1->Normalize( NormalizationForm::FormKD );
   Console::Write( "B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormKD ) );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Characters in string s1 = 0063 0301 0327 00BE

U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C
U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA
U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: False
A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  False
A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  False
A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: False
A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: False

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.

U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE
U+0033 = DIGIT THREE
U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH
U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 00BE

B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 0033 2044 0034

B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 0033 2044 0034

*/
using System;
using System.Text;

class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
       // Character c; combining characters acute and cedilla; character 3/4
       string s1 = new String( new char[] {'\u0063', '\u0301', '\u0327', '\u00BE'});
       string s2 = null;
       string divider = new String('-', 80);
       divider = String.Concat(Environment.NewLine, divider, Environment.NewLine);

       Show("s1", s1);
       Console.WriteLine();
       Console.WriteLine("U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C");
       Console.WriteLine("U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT");
       Console.WriteLine("U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA");
       Console.WriteLine("U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS");
       Console.WriteLine(divider);

       Console.WriteLine("A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: {0}",
                                    s1.IsNormalized());
       Console.WriteLine("A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  {0}",
                                    s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC));
       Console.WriteLine("A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  {0}",
                                    s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD));
       Console.WriteLine("A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: {0}",
                                    s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC));
       Console.WriteLine("A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: {0}",
                                    s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD));

       Console.WriteLine(divider);

       Console.WriteLine("Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.");
       Console.WriteLine();
       Console.WriteLine("U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE");
       Console.WriteLine("U+0033 = DIGIT THREE");
       Console.WriteLine("U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH");
       Console.WriteLine("U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR");
       Console.WriteLine(divider);

       s2 = s1.Normalize();
       Console.Write("B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized());
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();

       s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormC);
       Console.Write("B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC));
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();

       s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormD);
       Console.Write("B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD));
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();

       s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKC);
       Console.Write("B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC));
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();

       s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKD);
       Console.Write("B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD));
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();
    }

    private static void Show(string title, string s)
    {
       Console.Write("Characters in string {0} = ", title);
       foreach(short x in s) {
           Console.Write("{0:X4} ", x);
       }
       Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Characters in string s1 = 0063 0301 0327 00BE

U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C
U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA
U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: False
A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  False
A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  False
A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: False
A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: False

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.

U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE
U+0033 = DIGIT THREE
U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH
U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 00BE

B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 0033 2044 0034

B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 0033 2044 0034

*/
open System
open System.Text

let show title (s: string) =
    printf $"Characters in string %s{title} = "
    for x in s do
        printf $"{int16 x:X4} "
    printfn ""


[<EntryPoint>]
let main _ =
    // Character c; combining characters acute and cedilla; character 3/4
    let s1 = String [| '\u0063'; '\u0301'; '\u0327'; '\u00BE' |]
    let divider = String('-', 80)
    let divider = String.Concat(Environment.NewLine, divider, Environment.NewLine)

    show "s1" s1
    printfn "\nU+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C"
    printfn "U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT"
    printfn "U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA"
    printfn "U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS"
    printfn $"{divider}"

    printfn $"A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: {s1.IsNormalized()}"
    printfn $"A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  {s1.IsNormalized NormalizationForm.FormC}"
    printfn $"A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  {s1.IsNormalized NormalizationForm.FormD}"
    printfn $"A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: {s1.IsNormalized NormalizationForm.FormKC}"
    printfn $"A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: {s1.IsNormalized NormalizationForm.FormKD}"

    printfn $"{divider}"

    printfn "Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.\n"
    printfn "U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE"
    printfn"U+0033 = DIGIT THREE"
    printfn"U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH"
    printfn"U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR"
    printfn $"{divider}"
 
    let s2 = s1.Normalize()
    printf "B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: "
    printfn $"{s2.IsNormalized()}"
    show "s2" s2
    printfn ""

    let s2 = s1.Normalize NormalizationForm.FormC
    printf "B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: "
    printfn $"{s2.IsNormalized NormalizationForm.FormC}"
    show "s2" s2
    printfn ""

    let s2 = s1.Normalize NormalizationForm.FormD
    printf "B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: "
    printfn $"{s2.IsNormalized NormalizationForm.FormD}"
    show "s2" s2
    printfn ""

    let s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKC)
    printf "B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: "
    printfn $"{s2.IsNormalized NormalizationForm.FormKC}"
    show "s2" s2
    printfn ""

    let s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKD)
    printf "B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: "
    printfn $"{s2.IsNormalized NormalizationForm.FormKD}"
    show "s2" s2
    0

(*
This example produces the following results:

Characters in string s1 = 0063 0301 0327 00BE

U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C
U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA
U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: False
A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  False
A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  False
A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: False
A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: False

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.

U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE
U+0033 = DIGIT THREE
U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH
U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 00BE

B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 0033 2044 0034

B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 0033 2044 0034

*)
Imports System.Text

Class Example
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      ' Character c; combining characters acute and cedilla; character 3/4
      Dim s1 = New [String](New Char() {ChrW(&H0063), ChrW(&H0301), ChrW(&H0327), ChrW(&H00BE)})
      Dim s2 As String = Nothing
      Dim divider = New [String]("-"c, 80)
      divider = [String].Concat(Environment.NewLine, divider, Environment.NewLine)
      
      Show("s1", s1)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C")
      Console.WriteLine("U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT")
      Console.WriteLine("U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA")
      Console.WriteLine("U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS")

      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      Console.WriteLine("A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: {0}", s1.IsNormalized())
      Console.WriteLine("A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  {0}", s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC))
      Console.WriteLine("A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  {0}", s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD))
      Console.WriteLine("A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: {0}", s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC))
      Console.WriteLine("A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: {0}", s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD))
      
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      Console.WriteLine("Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.")
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE")
      Console.WriteLine("U+0033 = DIGIT THREE")
      Console.WriteLine("U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH")
      Console.WriteLine("U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR")
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize()
      Console.Write("B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized())
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormC)
      Console.Write("B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC))
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormD)
      Console.Write("B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD))
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKC)
      Console.Write("B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC))
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKD)
      Console.Write("B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD))
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub 
   
   Private Shared Sub Show(title As String, s As String)
      Console.Write("Characters in string {0} = ", title)
      For Each x As Char In s
         Console.Write("{0:X4} ", AscW(x))
      Next 
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub 
End Class 
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Characters in string s1 = 0063 0301 0327 00BE
'
'U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C
'U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
'U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA
'U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS
'
'--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: False
'A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  False
'A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  False
'A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: False
'A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: False
'
'--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.
'
'U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE
'U+0033 = DIGIT THREE
'U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH
'U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR
'
'--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE
'
'B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE
'
'B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 00BE
'
'B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 1E09 0033 2044 0034
'
'B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 0033 2044 0034
'

IsNormalized(NormalizationForm)

Gibt an, ob diese Zeichenfolge in der angegebenen Unicode-Normalisierungsform vorliegt.

public:
 bool IsNormalized(System::Text::NormalizationForm normalizationForm);
public bool IsNormalized (System.Text.NormalizationForm normalizationForm);
member this.IsNormalized : System.Text.NormalizationForm -> bool
Public Function IsNormalized (normalizationForm As NormalizationForm) As Boolean

Parameter

normalizationForm
NormalizationForm

Eine Unicode-Normalisierungsform.

Gibt zurück

true, wenn diese Zeichenfolge in der vom normalizationForm-Parameter angegebenen Normalisierungsform vorliegt; andernfalls false.

Ausnahmen

Die aktuelle Instanz enthält ungültige Unicode-Zeichen.

Hinweise

Einige Unicode-Zeichen verfügen über mehrere äquivalente binäre Darstellungen, die aus Sätzen kombinierter und/oder zusammengesetzter Unicode-Zeichen bestehen. Das Vorhandensein mehrerer Darstellungen für ein einzelnes Zeichen erschwert das Suchen, Sortieren, Abgleichen und andere Vorgänge.

Der Unicode-Standard definiert einen Prozess namens Normalisierung, der eine binäre Darstellung zurückgibt, wenn eine der entsprechenden binären Darstellungen eines Zeichens gegeben wird. Die Normalisierung kann mit mehreren Algorithmen durchgeführt werden, die als Normalisierungsformen bezeichnet werden und unterschiedlichen Regeln entsprechen. .NET unterstützt derzeit die Normalisierungsformulare C, D, KC und KD.

Eine Beschreibung der unterstützten Unicode-Normalisierungsformulare finden Sie unter System.Text.NormalizationForm.

Hinweise für Aufrufer

Die IsNormalized -Methode gibt zurück false , sobald sie auf das erste nicht normalisierte Zeichen in einer Zeichenfolge trifft. Wenn eine Zeichenfolge also nicht normalisierte Zeichen enthält, gefolgt von ungültigen Unicode-Zeichen, löst die Normalize -Methode eine aus ArgumentException , obwohl IsNormalized zurückgibt false.

Weitere Informationen

Gilt für:

IsNormalized()

Gibt an, ob diese Zeichenfolge in der Unicode-Normalisierungsform C vorliegt.

public:
 bool IsNormalized();
public bool IsNormalized ();
member this.IsNormalized : unit -> bool
Public Function IsNormalized () As Boolean

Gibt zurück

true, wenn diese Zeichenfolge in der Normalisierungsform C vorliegt; andernfalls false.

Ausnahmen

Die aktuelle Instanz enthält ungültige Unicode-Zeichen.

Hinweise

Einige Unicode-Zeichen verfügen über mehrere äquivalente binäre Darstellungen, die aus Sätzen kombinierter und/oder zusammengesetzter Unicode-Zeichen bestehen. Das Vorhandensein mehrerer Darstellungen für ein einzelnes Zeichen erschwert das Suchen, Sortieren, Abgleichen und andere Vorgänge.

Der Unicode-Standard definiert einen Prozess namens Normalisierung, der eine binäre Darstellung zurückgibt, wenn eine der entsprechenden binären Darstellungen eines Zeichens gegeben wird. Die Normalisierung kann mit mehreren Algorithmen durchgeführt werden, die als Normalisierungsformen bezeichnet werden und unterschiedlichen Regeln entsprechen. .NET unterstützt derzeit die Normalisierungsformulare C, D, KC und KD.

Eine Beschreibung der unterstützten Unicode-Normalisierungsformulare finden Sie unter System.Text.NormalizationForm.

Hinweise für Aufrufer

Die IsNormalized -Methode gibt zurück false , sobald sie auf das erste nicht normalisierte Zeichen in einer Zeichenfolge trifft. Wenn eine Zeichenfolge also nicht normalisierte Zeichen enthält, gefolgt von ungültigen Unicode-Zeichen, löst die Normalize -Methode eine aus ArgumentException , obwohl IsNormalized zurückgibt false.

Weitere Informationen

Gilt für: