Connect to Azure Data Lake Storage in Microsoft Purview

This article outlines the process to register and govern an Azure Data Lake Storage (ADLS Gen2) data source in Microsoft Purview including instructions to authenticate and interact with the ADLS Gen2 source.

Supported capabilities

Metadata Extraction Full Scan Incremental Scan Scoped Scan Classification Labeling Access Policy Lineage Data Sharing Live view
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (preview) Limited* Yes Yes

* Lineage is supported if dataset is used as a source/sink in Data Factory or Synapse pipeline.

When scanning Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2 source, Microsoft Purview supports extracting technical metadata including:

  • Storage account
  • Data Lake Storage Gen2 Service
  • File system (container)
  • Folders
  • Files
  • Resource sets

When setting up scan, you can choose to scan the entire ADLS Gen2 or selective folders. Learn about the supported file format here.

Prerequisites

Register

This section will enable you to register the ADLS Gen2 data source for scan and data share in Purview.

Prerequisites for register

  • You'll need to be a Data Source Admin and one of the other Purview roles (for example, Data Reader or Data Share Contributor) to register a source and manage it in the Microsoft Purview governance portal. See our Microsoft Purview Permissions page for details.

Steps to register

It's important to register the data source in Microsoft Purview prior to setting up a scan for the data source.

  1. Go to the Microsoft Purview governance portal by:

  2. Navigate to the Data Map --> Sources

    Screenshot that shows the link to open Microsoft Purview governance portal

    Screenshot that navigates to the Sources link in the Data Map

  3. Create the Collection hierarchy using the Collections menu and assign permissions to individual subcollections, as required

    Screenshot that shows the collection menu to create collection hierarchy

  4. Navigate to the appropriate collection under the Sources menu and select the Register icon to register a new ADLS Gen2 data source

    Screenshot that shows the collection used to register the data source

  5. Select the Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2 data source and select Continue

    Screenshot that allows selection of the data source

  6. Provide a suitable Name for the data source, select the relevant Azure subscription, existing Data Lake Store account name and the collection and select Apply. Leave the Data Policy Enforcement toggle on the disabled position until you have a chance to carefully go over this document.

    Screenshot that shows the details to be entered in order to register the data source

  7. The ADLS Gen2 storage account will be shown under the selected Collection

    Screenshot that shows the data source mapped to the collection to initiate scanning

Scan

Tip

To troubleshoot any issues with scanning:

  1. Confirm you have properly set up authentication for scanning
  2. Review our scan troubleshooting documentation.

Authentication for a scan

Your Azure network may allow for communications between your Azure resources, but if you've set up firewalls, private endpoints, or virtual networks within Azure, you'll need to follow one of these configurations below.

Networking constraints Integration runtime type Available credential types
No private endpoints or firewalls Azure IR Managed identity (Recommended), service principal, or account key
Firewall enabled but no private endpoints Azure IR Managed identity
Private endpoints enabled *Self-Hosted IR Service principal, account key

Important

  1. *To use a self-hosted integration runtime, you'll first need to create one and confirm your network settings for Microsoft Purview
  2. If you use the Self-Hosted Integration runtime to scan parquet files, you need to install the 64-bit JRE 8 (Java Runtime Environment) or OpenJDK on your IR machine. You can check our Java Runtime Environment installation guide.

Using a system or user assigned managed identity for scanning

There are two types of managed identity you can use:

  • System-assigned managed identity (Recommended) - As soon as the Microsoft Purview Account is created, a system-assigned managed identity (SAMI) is created automatically in Microsoft Entra tenant. Depending on the type of resource, specific RBAC role assignments are required for the Microsoft Purview system-assigned managed identity (SAMI) to perform the scans.

  • User-assigned managed identity (preview) - Similar to a system managed identity, a user-assigned managed identity (UAMI) is a credential resource that can be used to allow Microsoft Purview to authenticate against Microsoft Entra ID. For more information, you can see our User-assigned managed identity guide.

It's important to give your Microsoft Purview account or user-assigned managed identity (UAMI) the permission to scan the ADLS Gen2 data source. You can add your Microsoft Purview account's system-assigned managed identity (which has the same name as your Microsoft Purview account) or UAMI at the Subscription, Resource Group, or Resource level, depending on what level scan permissions are needed.

Note

You need to be an owner of the subscription to be able to add a managed identity on an Azure resource.

  1. From the Azure portal, find either the subscription, resource group, or resource (for example, an Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2 storage account) that you would like to allow the catalog to scan.

    Screenshot that shows the storage account

  2. Select Access Control (IAM) in the left navigation and then select + Add --> Add role assignment

    Screenshot that shows the access control for the storage account

  3. Set the Role to Storage Blob Data Reader and enter your Microsoft Purview account name or user-assigned managed identity under the Select input box. Then, select Save to give this role assignment to your Microsoft Purview account.

    Screenshot that shows the details to assign permissions for the Microsoft Purview account

    Note

    For more details, please see steps in Authorize access to blobs and queues using Microsoft Entra ID

    Note

    If you have firewall enabled for the storage account, you must use managed identity authentication method when setting up a scan.

  4. Go into your ADLS Gen2 storage account in Azure portal

  5. Navigate to Security + networking > Networking

    Screenshot that shows the details to provide firewall access

  6. Choose Selected Networks under Allow access from

    Screenshot that shows the details to allow access to selected networks

  7. In the Exceptions section, select Allow trusted Microsoft services to access this storage account and hit Save

    Screenshot that shows the exceptions to allow trusted Microsoft services to access the storage account

Create the scan

  1. Open your Microsoft Purview account and select the Open Microsoft Purview governance portal

  2. Navigate to the Data map --> Sources to view the collection hierarchy

  3. Select the New Scan icon under the ADLS Gen2 data source registered earlier

    Screenshot that shows the screen to create a new scan

  4. Choose either the Azure integration runtime if your source is publicly accessible, a managed virtual network integration runtime if using a managed virtual network, or a self-hosted integration runtime if your source is in a private virtual network. For more information about which integration runtime to use, see the choose the right integration runtime configuration article.

If using a system or user assigned managed identity

  1. Provide a Name for the scan, select the system-assigned or user-assigned managed identity under Credential, choose the appropriate collection for the scan, and select Test connection. On a successful connection, select Continue.

    Screenshot that shows the managed identity option to run the scan

Scope and run the scan

  1. You can scope your scan to specific folders and subfolders by choosing the appropriate items in the list.

    Scope your scan

  2. Then select a scan rule set. You can choose between the system default, existing custom rule sets, or create a new rule set inline.

    Scan rule set

  3. If creating a new scan rule set, select the file types to be included in the scan rule.

    Scan rule set file types

  4. You can select the classification rules to be included in the scan rule

    Scan rule set classification rules

    Scan rule set selection

  5. Choose your scan trigger. You can set up a schedule or run the scan once.

    scan trigger

  6. Review your scan and select Save and run.

    review scan

View your scans and scan runs

To view existing scans:

  1. Go to the Microsoft Purview portal. On the left pane, select Data map.
  2. Select the data source. You can view a list of existing scans on that data source under Recent scans, or you can view all scans on the Scans tab.
  3. Select the scan that has results you want to view. The pane shows you all the previous scan runs, along with the status and metrics for each scan run.
  4. Select the run ID to check the scan run details.

Manage your scans

To edit, cancel, or delete a scan:

  1. Go to the Microsoft Purview portal. On the left pane, select Data Map.

  2. Select the data source. You can view a list of existing scans on that data source under Recent scans, or you can view all scans on the Scans tab.

  3. Select the scan that you want to manage. You can then:

    • Edit the scan by selecting Edit scan.
    • Cancel an in-progress scan by selecting Cancel scan run.
    • Delete your scan by selecting Delete scan.

Note

  • Deleting your scan does not delete catalog assets created from previous scans.

Data sharing

Microsoft Purview Data Sharing (preview) enables sharing of data in-place from ADLS Gen2 to ADLS Gen2. This section provides details about the ADLS Gen2 specific requirements for sharing and receiving data in-place. Refer to How to share data and How to receive share for step by step guide on how to use data sharing.

Storage accounts supported for in-place data sharing

The following storage accounts are supported for in-place data sharing:

  • Regions: Canada Central, Canada East, UK South, UK West, Australia East, Japan East, Korea South, and South Africa North
  • Redundancy options: LRS, GRS, RA-GRS
  • Tiers: Hot, Cool

Only use storage accounts without production workload for the preview.

Note

Source and target storage accounts must be in the same region as each other. They don't need to be in the same region as the Microsoft Purview account.

Storage account permissions required to share data

To add or update a storage account asset to a share, you need ONE of the following permissions:

  • Microsoft.Authorization/roleAssignments/write - This permission is available in the Owner role.
  • Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts/blobServices/containers/blobs/modifyPermissions/ - This permission is available in the Blob Storage Data Owner role.

Storage account permissions required to receive shared data

To map a storage account asset in a received share, you need ONE of the following permissions:

  • Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts/write - This permission is available in the Contributor and Owner role.
  • Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts/blobServices/containers/write - This permission is available in the Contributor, Owner, Storage Blob Data Contributor and Storage Blob Data Owner role.

Update shared data in source storage account

Updates you make to shared files or data in the shared folder from source storage account will be made available to recipient in target storage account in near real time. When you delete subfolder or files within the shared folder, they'll disappear for recipient. To delete the shared folder, file or parent folders or containers, you need to first revoke access to all your shares from the source storage account.

Access shared data in target storage account

The target storage account enables recipient to access the shared data read-only in near real time. You can connect analytics tools such as Synapse Workspace and Databricks to the shared data to perform analytics. Cost of accessing the shared data is charged to the target storage account.

Service limit

Source storage account can support up to 20 targets, and target storage account can support up to 100 sources. If you require an increase in limit, contact Support.

Access policy

Supported policies

The following types of policies are supported on this data resource from Microsoft Purview:

Access policy pre-requisites on Azure Storage accounts

Region support

  • All Microsoft Purview regions are supported.
  • Storage accounts in the following regions are supported without the need for additional configuration. However, zone-redundant storage (ZRS) accounts are not supported.
    • Australia Central
    • Australia East
    • Australia Southeast
    • Brazil South
    • Canada Central
    • Canada East
    • Central India
    • Central US
    • East Asia
    • East US 2
    • East US
    • France Central
    • Germany West Central
    • Japan East
    • Japan West
    • Korea Central
    • North Central US
    • North Europe
    • Norway East
    • Poland Central
    • Qatar Central
    • South Central US
    • South Africa North
    • Southeast Asia
    • South India
    • Sweden Central
    • Switzerland North
    • West Central US
    • West Europe
    • West US
    • West US 2
    • West US 3
    • UAE North
    • UK South
    • UK West
  • Storage accounts in other regions in Public Cloud are supported after setting feature flag AllowPurviewPolicyEnforcement, as outlined in the next section. Newly created ZRS Storage accounts are supported, if created after setting the feature flag AllowPurviewPolicyEnforcement.

If needed, you can create a new Storage account by following this guide.

Configure the subscription where the Azure Storage account resides for policies from Microsoft Purview

This step is only necessary in certain regions (see prior section). To enable Microsoft Purview to manage policies for one or more Azure Storage accounts, execute the following PowerShell commands in the subscription where you'll deploy your Azure Storage account. These PowerShell commands will enable Microsoft Purview to manage policies on all Azure Storage accounts in that subscription.

If you’re executing these commands locally, be sure to run PowerShell as an administrator. Alternatively, you can use the Azure Cloud Shell in the Azure portal: https://shell.azure.com.

# Install the Az module
Install-Module -Name Az -Scope CurrentUser -Repository PSGallery -Force
# Login into the subscription
Connect-AzAccount -Subscription <SubscriptionID>
# Register the feature
Register-AzProviderFeature -FeatureName AllowPurviewPolicyEnforcement -ProviderNamespace Microsoft.Storage

If the output of the last command shows RegistrationState as Registered, then your subscription is enabled for access policies. If the output is Registering, wait at least 10 minutes, and then retry the command. Do not continue unless the RegistrationState shows as Registered.

Configure the Microsoft Purview account for policies

Register the data source in Microsoft Purview

Before a policy can be created in Microsoft Purview for a data resource, you must register that data resource in Microsoft Purview Studio. You will find the instructions related to registering the data resource later in this guide.

Note

Microsoft Purview policies rely on the data resource ARM path. If a data resource is moved to a new resource group or subscription it will need to be de-registered and then registered again in Microsoft Purview.

Configure permissions to enable Data policy enforcement on the data source

Once a resource is registered, but before a policy can be created in Microsoft Purview for that resource, you must configure permissions. A set of permissions are needed to enable the Data policy enforcement. This applies to data sources, resource groups, or subscriptions. To enable Data policy enforcement, you must have both specific Identity and Access Management (IAM) privileges on the resource as well as specific Microsoft Purview privileges:

  • You must have either one of the following IAM role combinations on the resource's Azure Resource Manager path or any parent of it (that is, using IAM permission inheritance):

    • IAM Owner
    • Both IAM Contributor and IAM User Access Administrator

    To configure Azure role-based access control (RBAC) permissions, follow this guide. The following screenshot shows how to access the Access Control section in the Azure portal for the data resource to add a role assignment.

    Screenshot that shows the section in the Azure portal for adding a role assignment.

    Note

    The IAM Owner role for a data resource can be inherited from a parent resource group, a subscription, or a subscription management group. Check which Microsoft Entra users, groups, and service principals hold or are inheriting the IAM Owner role for the resource.

  • You also need to have the Microsoft Purview Data source admin role for the collection or a parent collection (if inheritance is enabled). For more information, see the guide on managing Microsoft Purview role assignments.

    The following screenshot shows how to assign the Data source admin role at the root collection level.

    Screenshot that shows selections for assigning the Data source admin role at the root collection level.

Configure Microsoft Purview permissions to create, update, or delete access policies

To create, update or delete policies, you need to get the Policy author role in Microsoft Purview at root collection level:

  • The Policy author role can create, update, and delete DevOps and Data Owner policies.
  • The Policy author role can delete self-service access policies.

For more information about managing Microsoft Purview role assignments, see Create and manage collections in the Microsoft Purview Data Map.

Note

Policy author role must be configured at the root collection level.

In addition, to easily search Microsoft Entra users or groups when creating or updating the subject of a policy, you can greatly benefit from getting the Directory Readers permission in Microsoft Entra ID. This is a common permission for users in an Azure tenant. Without the Directory Reader permission, the Policy Author will have to type the complete username or email for all the principals included in the subject of a data policy.

Configure Microsoft Purview permissions for publishing Data Owner policies

Data Owner policies allow for checks and balances if you assign the Microsoft Purview Policy author and Data source admin roles to different people in the organization. Before a Data owner policy takes effect, a second person (Data source admin) must review it and explicitly approve it by publishing it. This does not apply to DevOps or Self-service access policies as publishing is automatic for them when those policies are created or updated.

To publish a Data owner policy you need to get the Data source admin role in Microsoft Purview at root collection level.

For more information about managing Microsoft Purview role assignments, see Create and manage collections in the Microsoft Purview Data Map.

Note

To publish Data owner policies, the Data source admin role must be configured at the root collection level.

Delegate access provisioning responsibility to roles in Microsoft Purview

After a resource has been enabled for Data policy enforcement, any Microsoft Purview user with the Policy author role at the root collection level can provision access to that data source from Microsoft Purview.

Note

Any Microsoft Purview root Collection admin can assign new users to root Policy author roles. Any Collection admin can assign new users to a Data source admin role under the collection. Minimize and carefully vet the users who hold Microsoft Purview Collection admin, Data source admin, or Policy author roles.

If a Microsoft Purview account with published policies is deleted, such policies will stop being enforced within an amount of time that depends on the specific data source. This change can have implications on both security and data access availability. The Contributor and Owner roles in IAM can delete Microsoft Purview accounts. You can check these permissions by going to the Access control (IAM) section for your Microsoft Purview account and selecting Role Assignments. You can also use a lock to prevent the Microsoft Purview account from being deleted through Resource Manager locks.

Register the data source in Microsoft Purview for Data Policy Enforcement

The Azure Storage resource needs to be registered first with Microsoft Purview before you can create access policies. To register your resource, follow the Prerequisites and Register sections of this guide:

After you've registered the data source, you'll need to enable Data Policy Enforcement. This is a pre-requisite before you can create policies on the data source. Data Policy Enforcement can impact the security of your data, as it delegates to certain Microsoft Purview roles managing access to the data sources. Go through the secure practices related to Data Policy Enforcement in this guide: How to enable Data Policy Enforcement

Once your data source has the Data Policy Enforcement option set to Enabled, it will look like this screenshot: Screenshot shows how to register a data source for policy with the option Data policy enforcement set to enable

Create a policy

To create an access policy for Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2, follow this guide:

To create policies that cover all data sources inside a resource group or Azure subscription you can refer to this section.

Next steps

Follow the below guides to learn more about Microsoft Purview and your data.