@Guillaume Bossiroy, Thanks for posting in Q&A. For your request, we have duplicated the link you mentioned. We will follow in this link.
For your issue, based on my checking, I find the setting "Minutes of lock screen inactivity until screen saver activates:" using the CSP "./Device/Vendor/MSFT/Policy/Config/LocalPoliciesSecurityOptions/InteractiveLogon_MachineInactivityLimit" to deploy the value is the amount of inactivity time (in seconds).
And I notice you have configured a custom policy with the same CSP with the same seconds value.
Then I go to test in my environment. I find the same issue as yours. It seems we can't configure the same setting in two different policies. It will cause conflict.
I think we need to unassign one policy to the user group or device group to avoid the conflict issue.
Hope the above information can help.
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