Hello @Serge Gusev ,
Welcome to Microsoft Q&A forum.
I may suggest you first try to clean cache(project cache and VS cache) => remove the hidden .vs folder in your solution folder and remove the ComponentModelCache folders in this directory:
C:\Users\username\AppData\Local\Microsoft\VisualStudio\17.0_XXXXXXXX, after that rebuild your project and debug again.
Not sure if any installed extensions affect VS(may be not fully compatible with updated version of VS 2022), I know you have disabled them, if possible, you can try to uninstall them, test again and then reinstall them.
Since this issue appeared after you updated Visual Studio, as a temporary workaround, you may consider downgrading Visual Studio 2022 to a previous version and waiting for a new version of VS 2022 release.
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