Quickstart: Create a TypeScript function in Azure from the command line

In this article, you use command-line tools to create a TypeScript function that responds to HTTP requests. After testing the code locally, you deploy it to the serverless environment of Azure Functions.


The content of this article changes based on your choice of the Node.js programming model in the selector at the top of the page. The v4 model is generally available and is designed to have a more flexible and intuitive experience for JavaScript and TypeScript developers. Learn more about the differences between v3 and v4 in the migration guide.

Completion of this quickstart incurs a small cost of a few USD cents or less in your Azure account.

There's also a Visual Studio Code-based version of this article.

Configure your local environment

Before you begin, you must have the following prerequisites:

Install the Azure Functions Core Tools

The recommended way to install Core Tools depends on the operating system of your local development computer.

The following steps use a Windows installer (MSI) to install Core Tools v4.x. For more information about other package-based installers, see the Core Tools readme.

Download and run the Core Tools installer, based on your version of Windows:

If you previously used Windows installer (MSI) to install Core Tools on Windows, you should uninstall the old version from Add Remove Programs before installing the latest version.

  • Make sure you install version v4.0.5382 of the Core Tools, or a later version.

Create a local function project

In Azure Functions, a function project is a container for one or more individual functions that each responds to a specific trigger. All functions in a project share the same local and hosting configurations. In this section, you create a function project that contains a single function.

  1. Run the func init command, as follows, to create a functions project in a folder named LocalFunctionProj with the specified runtime:

    func init LocalFunctionProj --typescript
  2. Navigate into the project folder:

    cd LocalFunctionProj

    This folder contains various files for the project, including configurations files named local.settings.json and host.json. Because local.settings.json can contain secrets downloaded from Azure, the file is excluded from source control by default in the .gitignore file.

  3. Add a function to your project by using the following command, where the --name argument is the unique name of your function (HttpExample) and the --template argument specifies the function's trigger (HTTP).

    func new --name HttpExample --template "HTTP trigger" --authlevel "anonymous"

    func new creates a subfolder matching the function name that contains a code file appropriate to the project's chosen language and a configuration file named function.json.

(Optional) Examine the file contents

If desired, you can skip to Run the function locally and examine the file contents later.


index.ts exports a function that's triggered according to the configuration in function.json.

import { AzureFunction, Context, HttpRequest } from "@azure/functions"

const httpTrigger: AzureFunction = async function (context: Context, req: HttpRequest): Promise<void> {
    context.log('HTTP trigger function processed a request.');
    const name = (req.query.name || (req.body && req.body.name));
    const responseMessage = name
        ? "Hello, " + name + ". This HTTP triggered function executed successfully."
        : "This HTTP triggered function executed successfully. Pass a name in the query string or in the request body for a personalized response.";

    context.res = {
        // status: 200, /* Defaults to 200 */
        body: responseMessage


export default httpTrigger;

For an HTTP trigger, the function receives request data in the variable req of type HttpRequest as defined in function.json. The return object, defined as $return in function.json, is the response.


function.json is a configuration file that defines the input and output bindings for the function, including the trigger type.

    "bindings": [
            "authLevel": "function",
            "type": "httpTrigger",
            "direction": "in",
            "name": "req",
            "methods": [
            "type": "http",
            "direction": "out",
            "name": "res"

Each binding requires a direction, a type, and a unique name. The HTTP trigger has an input binding of type httpTrigger and output binding of type http.

  1. Run the func init command, as follows, to create a functions project in a folder named LocalFunctionProj with the V4 programming model:

    func init LocalFunctionProj --model V4

    You're then prompted to choose a worker runtime and a language - choose Node for the first and TypeScript for the second.

  2. Navigate into the project folder:

    cd LocalFunctionProj

    This folder contains various files for the project, including configurations files named local.settings.json and host.json. Because local.settings.json can contain secrets downloaded from Azure, the file is excluded from source control by default in the .gitignore file.

  3. Add a function to your project by using the following command:

    func new

    Choose the template for "HTTP trigger". You can keep the default name (httpTrigger) or give it a new name (HttpExample). Your function name must be unique, or you're asked to confirm if your intention is to replace an existing function.

    You can find the function you added in the src/functions directory.

  4. Add Azure Storage connection information in local.settings.json.

        "Values": {       
            "AzureWebJobsStorage": "<Azure Storage connection information>",
            "FUNCTIONS_WORKER_RUNTIME": "node"
  5. (Optional) If you want to learn more about a particular function, say HTTP trigger, you can run the following command:

    func help httptrigger

Run the function locally

  1. Run your function by starting the local Azure Functions runtime host from the LocalFunctionProj folder:

    npm install
    npm start
    npm start

    Toward the end of the output, the following logs should appear:

    Screenshot of terminal window output when running function locally.


    If HttpExample doesn't appear as shown in the logs, you likely started the host from outside the root folder of the project. In that case, use Ctrl+c to stop the host, navigate to the project's root folder, and run the previous command again.

  2. Copy the URL of your HttpExample function from this output to a browser and append the query string ?name=<your-name>, making the full URL like http://localhost:7071/api/HttpExample?name=Functions. The browser should display a message like Hello Functions:

    Result of the function run locally in the browser

    The terminal in which you started your project also shows log output as you make requests.

  3. When you're ready, use Ctrl+c and choose y to stop the functions host.

Create supporting Azure resources for your function

Before you can deploy your function code to Azure, you need to create three resources:

  • A resource group, which is a logical container for related resources.
  • A Storage account, which is used to maintain state and other information about your functions.
  • A function app, which provides the environment for executing your function code. A function app maps to your local function project and lets you group functions as a logical unit for easier management, deployment, and sharing of resources.

Use the following commands to create these items. Both Azure CLI and PowerShell are supported.

  1. If you haven't done so already, sign in to Azure:

    az login

    The az login command signs you into your Azure account.

  2. Create a resource group named AzureFunctionsQuickstart-rg in your chosen region:

    az group create --name AzureFunctionsQuickstart-rg --location <REGION>

    The az group create command creates a resource group. In the above command, replace <REGION> with a region near you, using an available region code returned from the az account list-locations command.

  3. Create a general-purpose storage account in your resource group and region:

    az storage account create --name <STORAGE_NAME> --location <REGION> --resource-group AzureFunctionsQuickstart-rg --sku Standard_LRS --allow-blob-public-access false

    The az storage account create command creates the storage account.

    In the previous example, replace <STORAGE_NAME> with a name that is appropriate to you and unique in Azure Storage. Names must contain three to 24 characters numbers and lowercase letters only. Standard_LRS specifies a general-purpose account, which is supported by Functions.


The storage account is used to store important app data, sometimes including the application code itself. You should limit access from other apps and users to the storage account.

  1. Create the function app in Azure:

    az functionapp create --resource-group AzureFunctionsQuickstart-rg --consumption-plan-location <REGION> --runtime node --runtime-version 18 --functions-version 4 --name <APP_NAME> --storage-account <STORAGE_NAME>

    The az functionapp create command creates the function app in Azure. It's recommended that you use the latest version of Node.js, which is currently 18. You can specify the version by setting --runtime-version to 18.

    In the previous example, replace <STORAGE_NAME> with the name of the account you used in the previous step, and replace <APP_NAME> with a globally unique name appropriate to you. The <APP_NAME> is also the default DNS domain for the function app.

    This command creates a function app running in your specified language runtime under the Azure Functions Consumption Plan, which is free for the amount of usage you incur here. The command also creates an associated Azure Application Insights instance in the same resource group, with which you can monitor your function app and view logs. For more information, see Monitor Azure Functions. The instance incurs no costs until you activate it.

Deploy the function project to Azure

Before you use Core Tools to deploy your project to Azure, you create a production-ready build of JavaScript files from the TypeScript source files.

  1. Use the following command to prepare your TypeScript project for deployment:

    npm run build
  2. With the necessary resources in place, you're now ready to deploy your local functions project to the function app in Azure by using the publish command. In the following example, replace <APP_NAME> with the name of your app.

    func azure functionapp publish <APP_NAME>

    If you see the error, "Can't find app with name ...", wait a few seconds and try again, as Azure may not have fully initialized the app after the previous az functionapp create command.

    The publish command shows results similar to the following output (truncated for simplicity):

     Getting site publishing info...
     Creating archive for current directory...
     Performing remote build for functions project.
     Deployment successful.
     Remote build succeeded!
     Syncing triggers...
     Functions in msdocs-azurefunctions-qs:
         HttpExample - [httpTrigger]
             Invoke url: https://msdocs-azurefunctions-qs.azurewebsites.net/api/httpexample?code=KYHrydo4GFe9y0000000qRgRJ8NdLFKpkakGJQfC3izYVidzzDN4gQ==

Invoke the function on Azure

Because your function uses an HTTP trigger, you invoke it by making an HTTP request to its URL in the browser or with a tool like curl.

Copy the complete Invoke URL shown in the output of the publish command into a browser address bar, appending the query parameter ?name=Functions. The browser should display similar output as when you ran the function locally.

The output of the function run on Azure in a browser

Run the following command to view near real-time streaming logs:

func azure functionapp logstream <APP_NAME> 

In a separate terminal window or in the browser, call the remote function again. A verbose log of the function execution in Azure is shown in the terminal.

Clean up resources

If you continue to the next step and add an Azure Storage queue output binding, keep all your resources in place as you'll build on what you've already done.

Otherwise, use the following command to delete the resource group and all its contained resources to avoid incurring further costs.

az group delete --name AzureFunctionsQuickstart-rg

Next steps