Conditional deployments in Bicep with the if expression

To optionally deploy a resource or module in Bicep, use the if expression. An if expression includes a condition that resolves to true or false. When the if condition is true, the resource is deployed. When the value is false, the resource isn't created. The value can only be applied to the whole resource or module.


Conditional deployment doesn't cascade to child resources. If you want to conditionally deploy a resource and its child resources, you must apply the same condition to each resource type.

Training resources

If you would rather learn about conditions through step-by-step guidance, see Build flexible Bicep templates by using conditions and loops.

Define condition for deployment

In Bicep, you can conditionally deploy a resource by passing in a parameter that specifies whether the resource is deployed. You test the condition with an if expression in the resource declaration. The following example shows the syntax for an if expression in a Bicep file. It conditionally deploys a DNS zone. When deployZone is true, it deploys the DNS zone. When deployZone is false, it skips deploying the DNS zone.

param deployZone bool

resource dnsZone 'Microsoft.Network/dnszones@2018-05-01' = if (deployZone) {
  name: 'myZone'
  location: 'global'

The next example conditionally deploys a module.

param deployZone bool

module dnsZone 'dnszones.bicep' = if (deployZone) {
  name: 'myZoneModule'

Conditions may be used with dependency declarations. For explicit dependencies, Azure Resource Manager automatically removes it from the required dependencies when the resource isn't deployed. For implicit dependencies, referencing a property of a conditional resource is allowed but may produce a deployment error.

New or existing resource

You can use conditional deployment to create a new resource or use an existing one. The following example shows how to either deploy a new storage account or use an existing storage account.

param storageAccountName string
param location string = resourceGroup().location

param newOrExisting string = 'new'

resource saNew 'Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts@2022-09-01' = if (newOrExisting == 'new') {
  name: storageAccountName
  location: location
  sku: {
    name: 'Standard_LRS'
  kind: 'StorageV2'

resource saExisting 'Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts@2022-09-01' existing = if (newOrExisting == 'existing') {
  name: storageAccountName

output storageAccountId string = ((newOrExisting == 'new') ? :

When the parameter newOrExisting is set to new, the condition evaluates to true. The storage account is deployed. Otherwise the existing storage account is used.


If you reference a conditionally-deployed resource that is not deployed. You will get an error saying the resource is not defined in the template.

Runtime functions

If you use a reference or list function with a resource that is conditionally deployed, the function is evaluated even if the resource isn't deployed. You get an error if the function refers to a resource that doesn't exist.

Use the conditional expression ?: operator to make sure the function is only evaluated for conditions when the resource is deployed. The following example template shows how to use this function with expressions that are only conditionally valid.

param vmName string
param location string
param logAnalytics string = ''

resource vmName_omsOnboarding 'Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/extensions@2023-03-01' = if (!empty(logAnalytics)) {
  name: '${vmName}/omsOnboarding'
  location: location
  properties: {
    publisher: 'Microsoft.EnterpriseCloud.Monitoring'
    type: 'MicrosoftMonitoringAgent'
    typeHandlerVersion: '1.0'
    autoUpgradeMinorVersion: true
    settings: {
      workspaceId: ((!empty(logAnalytics)) ? reference(logAnalytics, '2022-10-01').customerId : null)
    protectedSettings: {
      workspaceKey: ((!empty(logAnalytics)) ? listKeys(logAnalytics, '2022-10-01').primarySharedKey : null)

output mgmtStatus string = ((!empty(logAnalytics)) ? 'Enabled monitoring for VM!' : 'Nothing to enable')

Next steps