Authorize requests to SignalR resources with Microsoft Entra applications

Azure SignalR Service supports Microsoft Entra ID for authorizing requests from Microsoft Entra applications.

This article shows how to configure your SignalR resource and codes to authorize requests to a SignalR resource from a Microsoft Entra application.

Register an application

The first step is to register a Microsoft Entra application.

  1. On the Azure portal, search for and select Microsoft Entra ID
  2. Under Manage section, select App registrations.
  3. Select New registration. Screenshot of registering an application.
  4. Enter a display Name for your application.
  5. Select Register to confirm the register.

Once you have your application registered, you can find the Application (client) ID and Directory (tenant) ID under its Overview page. These GUIDs can be useful in the following steps.

Screenshot of an application.

To learn more about registering an application, see

Add credentials

You can add both certificates and client secrets (a string) as credentials to your confidential client app registration.

Client secret

The application requires a client secret to prove its identity when requesting a token. To create a client secret, follow these steps.

  1. Under Manage section, select Certificates & secrets
  2. On the Client secrets tab, select New client secret. Screenshot of creating a client secret.
  3. Enter a description for the client secret, and choose a expire time.
  4. Copy the value of the client secret and then paste it to a secure location.


    The secret will display only once.


You can also upload a certification instead of creating a client secret.

Screenshot of uploading a certification.

To learn more about adding credentials, see

Add role assignments on Azure portal

The following steps describe how to assign a SignalR App Server role to a service principal (application) over a SignalR resource. For detailed steps, see Assign Azure roles using the Azure portal.


A role can be assigned to any scope, including management group, subscription, resource group or a single resource. To learn more about scope, see Understand scope for Azure RBAC

  1. From the Azure portal, navigate to your SignalR resource.

  2. Select Access control (IAM).

  3. Select Add > Add role assignment.

    Screenshot that shows Access control (IAM) page with Add role assignment menu open.

  4. On the Role tab, select SignalR App Server.

  5. On the Members tab, select User, group, or service principal, and then select Select members.

  6. Search for and select the application that to which you'd like to assign the role.

  7. On the Review + assign tab, select Review + assign to assign the role.


Azure role assignments may take up to 30 minutes to propagate.

To learn more about how to assign and manage Azure role assignments, see these articles:

Configure your app

App server

The best practice is to configure identity and credentials in your environment variables:

Variable Description
AZURE_TENANT_ID The Microsoft Entra tenant ID.
AZURE_CLIENT_ID The client(application) ID of an App Registration in the tenant.
AZURE_CLIENT_SECRET A client secret that was generated for the App Registration.
AZURE_CLIENT_CERTIFICATE_PATH A path to a certificate and private key pair in PEM or PFX format, which can authenticate the App Registration.
AZURE_USERNAME The username, also known as upn, of a Microsoft Entra user account.
AZURE_PASSWORD The password of the Microsoft Entra user account. Password isn't supported for accounts with MFA enabled.

You can use either DefaultAzureCredential or EnvironmentCredential to configure your SignalR endpoints.

services.AddSignalR().AddAzureSignalR(option =>
    option.Endpoints = new ServiceEndpoint[]
        new ServiceEndpoint(new Uri("https://<resource-name>"), new DefaultAzureCredential())

Or using EnvironmentalCredential directly.

services.AddSignalR().AddAzureSignalR(option =>
    option.Endpoints = new ServiceEndpoint[]
        new ServiceEndpoint(new Uri("https://<resource-name>"), new EnvironmentCredential())

To learn how DefaultAzureCredential works, see DefaultAzureCredential Class.

Use different credentials while using multiple endpoints

For some reason, you may want to use different credentials for different endpoints.

In this scenario, you can use ClientSecretCredential or ClientCertificateCredential.

services.AddSignalR().AddAzureSignalR(option =>
    var credential1 = new ClientSecretCredential("tenantId", "clientId", "clientSecret");
    var credential2 = new ClientCertificateCredential("tenantId", "clientId", "pathToCert");

    option.Endpoints = new ServiceEndpoint[]
        new ServiceEndpoint(new Uri("https://<resource1>"), credential1),
        new ServiceEndpoint(new Uri("https://<resource2>"), credential2),

Azure Functions SignalR bindings

Azure Functions SignalR bindings use application settings on portal or local.settings.json at local to configure Microsoft Entra application identities to access your SignalR resources.

Firstly, you need to specify the service URI of the SignalR Service, whose key is serviceUri starting with a connection name prefix (defaults to AzureSignalRConnectionString) and a separator (__ on Azure portal and : in the local.settings.json file). The connection name can be customized with the binding property ConnectionStringSetting. Continue reading to find the sample.

Then you choose to configure your Microsoft Entra application identity in pre-defined environment variables or in SignalR specified variables.

Configure identity in pre-defined environment variables

See Environment variables for the list of pre-defined environment variables. When you have multiple services, we recommend that you use the same application identity, so that you don't need to configure the identity for each service. These environment variables might also be used by other services according to the settings of other services.

For example, to use client secret credentials, configure as follows in the local.settings.json file.

  "Values": {
    "AZURE_CLIENT_ID": "...",
    "AZURE_TENANT_ID": "..."

On Azure portal, add settings as follows:


Configure identity in SignalR specified variables

The SignalR specified variables share the same key prefix with serviceUri key. Here's the list of variables you might use:

  • clientId
  • clientSecret
  • tenantId

Here are the samples to use client secret credentials:

In the local.settings.json file:

  "Values": {
    "<CONNECTION_NAME_PREFIX>:clientId": "...",
    "<CONNECTION_NAME_PREFIX>:clientSecret": "...",
    "<CONNECTION_NAME_PREFIX>:tenantId": "..."

On Azure portal, add settings as follows:

<CONNECTION_NAME_PREFIX>__clientSecret = ...

Next steps

See the following related articles: